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TREND ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL INDICATORS ON FOOD SECURITY: MALAYSIA Regional Training Workshop on Food Security Statistics Derived from the Food Consumption Data Collected in National Household Surveys (NHS) Bangkok, Thailand 25-29 November 2013. Dimensions of Food Security. Access Availability

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slide1

TREND ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL INDICATORS ON FOOD SECURITY:

MALAYSIA

Regional Training Workshop on Food Security Statistics Derived from the Food Consumption Data Collected in National Household Surveys (NHS)

Bangkok, Thailand

25-29 November 2013

slide2

Dimensions of Food Security

  • Access
  • Availability
  • Utilization
  • Vulnerability
slide3

Access

DETERMINANTS

  • Analysis of physical access
  • Analysis of economic access

OUTPUT

  • Prevalence of undernourishment
  • Depth of food deficit
analysis of physical access per 100 km of land area possibility of access to markets

Access

Determinant

Analysis of Physical Accessper 100 km of land area (possibility of access to markets)
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Access

Output

Prevalence of Undernourishmentprobability that an individual consumes insufficient calories to cover energy requirements
  • Less than 5% between 1990 to 2010
  • It is not a serious issue in Malaysia.
depth of food deficit kcal caput day how many calories needed to lift the undernourished

Access

Output

Depth of Food Deficit, kcal/caput/dayhow many calories needed to lift the undernourished
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Availability

Analysis of dietary energy supply

Analysis of food adequacy (percentage of DES over average energy requirement)

Analysis of the share of protein in total diet

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Utilization

DETERMINANT

  • Access to safe water or sanitation

OUTPUT

  • Stunting (chronic)
  • Underweight (chronic/acute, MDG1)
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Vulnerability

EXPOSURE

Cereal Import Dependency Ratio

Percent of Arable Land Equipped for Irrigation

Value of Food Imports in Total Merchandise Exports

SHOCK

Food price volatility

Food production volatility

Political stability

political stability
Political Stability

Vulnerability

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Household Expenditure Survey (HES)

Introduction

  • 1st conducted:
        • Peninsular Malaysia (1957/58)

-household budget survey of the federation of

Malaysia

        • Sarawak (1967/68)
        • Sabah (1968/69)
  • Malaysian level (1973)
  • Since 1993 onwards-HES was carried out concurrently nation wide at an interval of five years
  • Four (4) surveys were conducted that is in 1993/94, 1998/99, 2004/2005 and the most recent 2009/10

Family budget survey

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Household Expenditure Survey (HES)

Method of data collection

  • Direct personal interview

- Visits to the selected household every alternate day

- Each household was given a daily record book to record all expenses made on goods and services for a period of one month

  • Covered for the reference period of 12 months
  • Every round consisted of approximately 2,000 households who were interviewed over a period of 1 month
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Household Expenditure Survey (HES)

Method of data collection (cont.d)

  • frequency – every 5 years
  • recent survey– HES 2009/2010: April 2009 until March 2010
  • Coverage – all states in Malaysia
        • (urban & rural)
        • - household staying in private living quarters
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Household Expenditure Survey (HES)

  • Number of food items (6 digits) = 451 items

LIMITATIONS

  • Different units used in the items collected –e.g. pieces, gm, kg
  • Quantity data was collected but was not published due to data inaccuracies.