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Greening aid. Mandatory requirement on all eligible land to undertake certain actions for the environment… 3 European Requirements Crop Diversification Retention of environmentally sensitive permanent grassland Ecological Focus Areas

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Mandatory requirement on all eligible land to undertake certain actions for the environment…

  • 3 European Requirements
    • Crop Diversification
    • Retention of environmentally sensitive permanent grassland
    • Ecological Focus Areas
  • Or tightly defined equivalent measures delivered through a National Certification Scheme (NCS)
  • Organic farmers exempted
slide3

Defra has decided to implement 3 European requirements

  • NFU continues to seek flexibility on crop diversification
crop diversification
Crop Diversification
  • <10ha = no requirement
  • 10ha - 30ha = 2 crops
    • Main crop can be no more than 75% of area
  • > 30ha = 3 crops
    • Main crop no more than 75%
    • 2 Main crops no more than 95% of area
  • Crop =
  • Grass,
  • spring / winter varieties different
  • WW/ SB/WOSR/SW
exemptions
Exemptions
  • Crop Diversification obligation will not apply when:
    • >75% of arable land is grass and remaining arable < 30ha
    • > 75% of eligible agricultural area is grass and remaining arable land is < 30ha
    • >50% of arable land declared is declared by someone else in previous year and there is evidence of rotation
permanent grassland
Permanent grassland
  • Member States shall designate “environmentally sensitive grasslands” that need protection
    • Located in Natura 2000 sites (SAC, SPAs)
    • Option for MS to designate more widely
  • Farmers shall not convert and not plough these designated areas
  • Outwith these areas, MS must ensure ratio of PG does not fall by > 5%
ecological focus areas
Ecological Focus Areas
  • >15ha arable land
  • 5% EFA
  • Commission to propose an increase to 7% in 2017
  • What is an EFA?
slide8

Defra gets to decide what counts:

    • Fallow land,
    • Landscape features, hedges, ponds, walls, ditches, dykes, drains, earth banks, forest edges, isolated trees,
    • non commercial woodland within arable parcel
    • nitrogen fixing crops,
    • areas of short rotation coppice, catch crops
  • Standard weighting matrix to turn features into EFA area
efa exemptions
EFA Exemptions
  • < 15ha arable
  • > 75% of arable land is grass and remaining arable < 30ha
  • > 75% of eligible agricultural area is grass and remaining arable land is < 30ha
greening administration
Greening administration
  • No penalties for 1st 2 years beyond loss of 30% payment
    • 2017, withdrawal of 30% and penalty of 20%
      • (= loss of 36% payment)
    • 2018, withdrawal of 30% and penalty of 25%
      • (= loss of 37.5% payment)
  • Mapping of EFA deferred until May 2018
  • New CAP IT