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الحج

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  1. الحج Hajj

  2. Merits of Hajj • Narrated Abu Huraira (Radia-Allahu ‘anhu): Allah’s Messenger (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihiwasallam) said: “An ‘Umrah is an expiation for sins committed between it and the next, but an accepted Hajj will receive no less reward than Paradise.” {Agreed upon} • Narrated Abu Huraira(Radia-Allahu‘anhu): Allah’s Messenger (Salla-Allahu‘alaihiwasallam)was asked: “Which is the best deed?” He said: “To believe in Allah and His Messenger.” He was asked: “Which is the next (in goodness).” He said: “To participate in Jihad in Allah’s Cause.” He was then asked: “Which is the next?” He said: “To perform Hajj–Mabrur” {Bukhari & Muslim} • .

  3. Aisha (the mother of the faithful believers) said: “O Allah’s Messenger! We consider Jihad as the best deed.” The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihiwasallam) said: “The best Jihad is Hajj Mabrur.” (Bukhari) • Narrated Abu Huraira (Radia-Allahu ‘anhu): The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihiwasallam) said: “Whoever performs Hajj for Allah’s pleasure and does not have sexual relations with his wife, and does not do evil or sins then he will return (after Hajj, free from all sins) as if he were born a new.” (Bukhari)

  4. The Aim: Hajj Mabrur • Hajj Mabrur is: 1.Hajj which is free from sins, in full obedience to Allah. 2.Performing it for Allah’s sake, with no hypocrisy (full sincerity). 3.Performing the Pillars and obligatory acts of Hajj according to the Sunnah.

  5. Preparation for Hajj • 1.Sincerity • 2.Repentance from all the sins • 3.Settling all disputes and asking forgiveness from relatives • 4.Writing the will • 5.Giving the due payment • 6.Choosing the good fellowship • 7.The Expense for Hajj should be lawful • 8.Learning about Hajj and ‘Umrah • 9.Memorizing supplications from Qur’an and Sunnah

  6. Pin Belt What can you take with you? Two Sheets of Ihraam Permissible to wear these UnperfumedVaseline can be used to prevent inflammation of the thigh

  7. What can you take with you? • 1.Especially in the last days because of tiredness. • 2.Invoke Allah to give you patience. • 3.Do not be angry. • 4.Let your greatest concern be: “Is Allah going to accept it from me or not?” • 5.Seek help (Isti’aanah) from Allah all the time. Lots of Patience

  8. Umrah Hajj ‘Umrah Hajj Hajj Kinds of Hajj 1. Tamattu’: • To perform ‘Umrah in the months of Hajj, then perform Hajj • One has to offer a sacrifice (Hadiy) • 2. Qiraan: • Enter the state of Ihraam with the intention of performing ‘Umrah and Hajj • One has to offer a sacrifice (Hadiy) • 3. Ifraad: • Enter the state of Ihraam with the intention of performing Hajj only • No Hadiy is required from him The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihiwasallam) ordered his Companions to perform Tamattu; in case they didn’t bring a Hadiy (sacrificial animal) with them.

  9. Miqaat Narrated IbnAbbas: “The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihiwasallam) appointed the following places as Miqaat (the place for entering the state of Ihraam): Dhul-Hulaifa for the people of Al-Madinah, Al-Juhfa for the people of Sham, Qarn Al- Manaazil for the people of Najd, and Yalamlam for the people of the Yemen. So, these Meeqats are for those living at those places, and for people of other regions who come through them- if they are intending to perform Hajj and ‘Umrah. Whoever is living within these Miqaats should enter the state of Ihraam from where he sets out from; even the inhabitants of Makkah “from it only.” (Agreed upon)

  10. Madinah Dhul Hulaifa اAl-Juhfa The Red Sea That-Erqu Qarn Al-Manazil Yalamlam Jeddah Makkah

  11. Arriving in Jeddah • 1. If you are going to Jeddah by airplane, then you have to put on your Ihraam in the plane. • 2. When you arrive at the Jeddah airport, your patience could be tested. It’s possible you could be waiting for 2-12 hours or more in the airport. • 3. Practice good patience and well treatment with customs officials because they work long hours to serve the Pilgrims.

  12. ‘Umrah Step by Step…

  13. ‘Umrah in Brief • Ihraam (Pillar) • Circumambulation- Tawaaf (Pillar) • Sa’iy (Pillar) • Shaving or shortening hair (Obligatory)

  14. Ihraam for ‘Umrah • Take a bath (Sunnah). • The man should put perfume on his body and beard. • Man takes off his clothes and wears Ihraam garments. • A woman may not cover her face with Niqaab (face-veil) or hands with gloves. However, she should use her head covering to cover her face in the presence of strangers.

  15. Ihraam for ‘Umrah • Note: All the previous acts are preparation for Ihraam, not the Ihraam itself. He who intends to perform ‘Umrah should say:: لبيك اللهم عمرة Labbaik-Allahumma ‘Umrah From this moment he is considered to be in the state of Ihraam.

  16. Talbiyah • After intention he begins Talbiyah saying: • لبيك اللهم لبيك، لبيك لا شريك لك لبيك، إن الحمد والنعمة لك والملك، لا شريك لك . • (LabbaikAllahummalabbaik, labbaik la shareekalakalabbaik. Innal-hamda wan ni’matalakawalmulk. Laashareekalak) • He continues reciting Talbiyahuntil he sees the Ka’bah

  17. Talbiyah It is Sunnah to raise one’s voice in the .Talbiyah Narrated Kallad bin as-Saib on his father’s authority; Allah’s Messenger said: “Jibril came to me and commanded me to order my companions to raise their voices with the Talbiyah.” (Reported by Al-Khamsa)

  18. Forbidden things in Ihraam 1. To wear any seamed garment for men: • -Like a shirt, a turban, trousers, a hooded garment, leather socks, gloves. • - It is Sunnah for the garment to be white for men, and the woman can choose any color she likes as long as it does not have temptation or attraction for men. • - It is forbidden for women to wear Niqaab (face veil) or hand gloves. But in the presence of men she can lower her head-scarf on her face and cover her hands with some cloth.

  19. Forbidden things in Ihraam (for men) 2. Covering the head or face with anything that clings to it like hat, turban, bonnet, cap. If it is not attached like an umbrella or tent, or the roof of a car, then it is allowable.

  20. Forbidden things in Ihraam 3. Applying perfume for men and women: -It is Sunnah to put on perfume before Ihraam. If some scent remains, there is no harm. It is not allowed to smell perfume deliberately. It is not allowed to mix coffee with saffron or rose water or any similar thing that you can feel, smell or taste. It is not allowed to use perfumed soap.

  21. Forbidden things in Ihraam 4. Shaving or cutting hair from the head or body 5. Cutting nails of hands or toes • If one’s nail is broken and it is harming him, then it is allowable to cut it.

  22. Forbidden things in Ihraam 6. To Marry: • The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihiwasallam) said: “A Muhrim should neither get married himself, nor should he have marriage performed on his behalf, nor should he propose.”(Muslim) • If a marriage contract is done in the state of Ihraam, then it is considered to be incorrect.

  23. Forbidden things in Ihraam 7. Hunting: Allah said: وَحُرِّمَ عَليْكمْ صَيْدُ البَرِّ مَا دُمْتمْ حُرُماً وَاتقوا اللهَ الذِي إليْهِ تحْشَرُونَ. It is forbidden to hunt animals or to help in hunting through gesture or weapons or to drive the animals for hunting in the Sacred area.

  24. Forbidden things in Ihraam 8. Sexual Intercourse and all matters related to it like talking about it, or kissing. It is one of the greatest things that affects the Hajj. If it happens before the first Tahallul, one should: 1. repent because he is a sinner. 2. offer a she-camel as a sacrifice and distribute it to the poor persons in the Haram. 3. One’s Hajj is nullified. 4. He should continue it. 5.He should perform (another) Hajj the following year to make up for it. If it happens after the first Tahallul, then one should: 1. offer a sheep as a sacrificial animal and distribute it to the poor. 2. go back to the ‘Hill and renew the Ihraam and make Tawaaf Al-Ifadha.

  25. Mistakes concerning Ihraam • Passing by the Miqaat without Ihraam • Considering the wearing of the two sheets in Ihraam • Thinking that praying two Rak’at before Ihraam is obligatory or a condition • Thinking that taking a bath for Ihraam is a condition; taking a bath is Sunnah and Ihraam is correct without it. • Idtibaa (uncovering the right shoulder) all the time. It is Sunnah only upon arrival for Tawaaf.

  26. Mistakes concerning Ihraam • Thinking that anything that is stitched is not allowed to use; it is only forbidden if it is fitting (to the body). • Thinking that women in menses are not allowed to assume Ihraam. So she passes by Miqaat without Ihraam. She can do everything including wearing Ihraam except Tawaaf and prayer. The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihiwasallam) said: “You should do as other pilgrims do except for performing Tawaaf of the Ka’bah, which you can do when you regain ritual purity.” • Thinking that women in Ihraam should wear a special color like white

  27. To the Sacred Mosque

  28. RuknYamani Door of Ka’bah RuknShaami The Black Stone Door of King Fahd To Safaa Rukun Iraqi HijrIsma’eel Zamzam Water Maqam Ibrahim المسجد الحرام

  29. Do You Remember ? Rukn Iraqi ? Maqam Ibrahim ? HijrIsmaeel Zamzam ? RuknShaami هذا الإتجاه إلى ؟ To Safaa ? The Black Stone ? Rukn Yamaani

  30. Ka’bah from the Inside

  31. Entering the Sacred Mosque • One should step in with the right foot and recite the following invocation: • اللهم صل على محمد وسلم، اللهم افتح لي أبواب رحمتك. • أو : أعوذ بالله العظيم وبوجهه الكريم وسلطانه القديم من الشيطان الرجيم.

  32. Entering the Sacred Mosque • With the Name of Allah and peace and blessings be upon Allah’s Messenger. I seek refuge with Allah, the All-Mighty, by His Noble Face and His ancient Rulership and Authority, against the accursed Satan. O Allah! Open the gates of Your Mercy for me.

  33. Tawaaf • It is a condition for Tawaaf to: • cover one’s Awrah – Purity of body and clothes- (purity from major and minor Hadath). • You intend Tawaaf for ‘Umrah • You have to make seven rounds, with the Ka’bah on your left side, beginning from the Black Stone and ending with it.

  34. ش HijrIsmaeel Door of Ka’bah To Zamzam To Safaa Start Line Tawaaf Rukn Iraqi RuknShaami Maqam Ibrahim Ka’bah RuknYamani Black Stone

  35. Idtibaa and Raml • It is a Sunnah in ‘Umrah Tawaaf (and every arrival Tawaaf) to make : • Idtibaa: Uncover the right shoulder • Raml: To walk at a brisk pace in the first three rounds

  36. Tawaaf • You should first face the Black Stone, touch it with your right hand, and if possible kiss it, saying: • In the Name of Allah. Allah is Most Great. • O Allah! I do so with faith in You, believing in Your Book, honoring the promise to You and following the Sunnah of Your Messenger Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘alaihiwasallam). • If it is difficult to touch it, you should make a gesture to the Black Stone.

  37. Supplication for Tawaaf • There is no particular supplication for Tawaaf. • There is no basis in Shari’ah for who invented a particular supplication for each round of Tawaaf. • It is desirable to recite the following supplication while walking between Rukn Yamani and the Black Stone: • ربنا آتنا في الدنيا حسنة و في الآخرة حسنة و قنا عذابا النار • O Our Lord! Grant us the good in this life and in the next life and save us from the torment of Hell-fire.

  38. Sequence in Tawaaf If the prayer is held while you are making Tawaaf, or you want to drink water, you can do so and continue after that. If the break is long, then you should begin your Tawaaf because sequence is a condition. If you nullify your ablution, then you should re-begin your Tawaaf because purity is a condition.

  39. Doubts in Tawaaf If you doubt how many rounds you have completed, then consider the lesser number because it is certain. If you doubt after finishing Tawaaf, then it is not considered.

  40. Maqaam Ibrahim • It is Sunnah to offer two Rak’at at Ibrahim Station after finishing Tawaaf. If this is not possible due to a crowd, one should perform it in any part of the mosque. • In the two Rak’at one should recite Surat Al-Kafiroon and Surat Al-Ikhlas

  41. Maqaam Ibrahim • The trace of Ibrahim’s feet

  42. Zamzam • It is preferable to drink Zamzam water after offering the two Rak’at. • It is preferable to drink as much as you can, and supp-licate.

  43. زمزمZamzam Taps of Zamzam water

  44. Sa’y When you go towards Safaa you recite the verse: إِنَّ الصَّفا وَالمَرْوَة مِن شَعَآئِر اللهِ فمَنْ حَجَّ البَيْتَ أو اعْتمَرَ فلا جُنَاحَ عَليْهِ أن يَطوَّفَ بهمَا وَمَن تَطوَّعَ خَيْراً فإنَّ اللهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيم. And you say: (I begin with what Allah began with), then mount As-Safaa. It is desirable to face the Qiblah and recite the following supplication:

  45. Sa’y • لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الحمد، يحيي ويميت، وهو على كل شيء قدير. • لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، أنجز وعده ونصر عبده وهزم الأحزاب وحده.

  46. Sa’y • There is no true God but Allah and Allah is Most Great. There is no true God but Allah. He is One, having no partner. And to Him belongs the kingdom, and all praises. He causes life and death. He has authority over everything. There is no true God but Allah Alone. He fulfilled His promise, gave victory to His slave and He Alone defeated the Ahzaab.You should raise your hands while supplicating. Invoke Allah after this supplication for anything you want. These supplications can be recited thrice.

  47. Sa’y • After descending one should move towards mount Al-Marwah • On reaching the first green-light sign, the males should walk at a brisk pace until they reach the other green sign.

  48. Sa’y • Then one should climb mount Al-Marwah and recite the same supplication said at As-Safaa. • It should be done seven times. • To walk towards one side is reckoned as one Sa’y trip and to return is another. • It is permissible to perform Sa’y in a state of impurity.

  49. Shaving or shortening the hair • After completing Sa’y, one should shave or shorten his hair. • It is not permissible to cut or shave only part of the head hair. • Women should cut the length of a fingertip from their hair.  • Having performed these rites one completes ‘Umrah.

  50. Mistakes Performed in Sa’y • Raising your hands at Safaa, as if you are making Takbeer. The Sunnah is to raise your hands in invocation. • Walking at a brisk pace in all Sa’y, the Sunnah is only between the green light signs. • Reciting the verse every time you walk towards Safaa or Marwah. The Sunnah is to recite the verse only in the beginning when you start in the direction to Safaa. • Thinking that going from Safaa to Marwah and going back is one Sa’y trip. The right way is that walking one way is reckoned as one Sa’y trip.