Chapter 15 – Government and Society. AP Government. Aims of Social Policies. Part of the aim of government is to devise and implement policies that improve society. Social policies aim: to protect people against the risks and uncertainties of life to promote equality of opportunity
Social policies aim:
The eligibility for benefits by virtue of a category defined by law. Categories can be changed only by legislationdeprivation of individual benefits can be determined through due process in court
Social programs financed in whole or in part by taxation or other mandatory contributions by their present or future recipients. The most important example is Social Security, which is financed by a payroll tax
Social programs that assist people based on demonstrated need rather than contributions they have made; also known as public assistance programs
A procedure that determines eligibility for government public assistance programs. A potential beneficiary must show a need and an inability to provide for that need
A program providing a minimum monthly income to people who pass a means test and are sixty-five years old or older, blind, or disabled. Financed from general revenues that are not Social Security contributions
Supplemental Security Income(SSI)
The largest in-kind benefits program, administered by the Department of Agriculture, providing coupons to individuals and families who satisfy a means test. Food Stamps can be exchanged for food at most grocery stores.
Goods and services provided to needy individuals and families by the federal government, as contrasted with cash benefits. The largest in-kind federal welfare program is Food Stamps.