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Birth Control Options. Hope is not a method……. Child Development. History . Chinese Cocktail- combination of lead and mercury First condoms-made of sheep an goat intestines Romans used to use lemon wedges

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birth control options

Birth Control Options

Hope is not a method…….

Child Development

history
History
  • Chinese Cocktail- combination of lead and mercury
  • First condoms-made of sheep an goat intestines
  • Romans used to use lemon wedges
  • Teen Pregnancy epidemic in Australia in the 90’s found that teens were using candy wrappers as condoms
question
Question?
  • How many types or forms of birth control are there?
types of birth control
Types of Birth Control
  • Behavioral
    • Abstinence
    • Fertility Awareness Methods
  • Hormonal
    • Birth Control Pills, Nuva Ring
    • DepoProvera Shot, Plan B Pill
    • Patch, Norplant, Lunelle
  • Barrier
    • Condoms, Diaphrams, IUD’s, Spermicides
question1
Question?
  • What do we need to know about the different birth control methods?
behavioral
Behavioral
  • Way of life, requires dedication
  • Only used when pregnancy would not be a burden or detrimental
abstinence
Abstinence
  • The decision to not have sex
  • 100% Effective
fertility awareness method
Fertility Awareness Method
  • Tempurature
    • Ovulation increases body temperature by .4-.8 degrees
  • Mucus Consistency
    • Mucus at cervix becomes thicker
  • Calendar
    • Must be accurate record keeper and have a regular cycle
    • 20 out of 100 women become pregnant
hormonal
Hormonal
  • Prevents ovulation from occuring
  • Thickens mucus at cervix=prevents sperm from passing through
  • Prevents implantation
birth control pills
Birth Control Pills
  • 1st available in 1956
  • Synthetic hormones (estrogen and progestin)
  • Most packs are 21 progestin pills and 7 placebo pills
    • Balance hormone level=take at the same time each day
    • 1 out of 100 become pregnant if taken perfectly
    • 5 out of 100 become pregnant on average
seasonale
Seasonale
  • Oral contraceptive pill that supresses your period to 4 times a year instead of 13
  • Active drug taken for 84 days
  • Placebo taken for 7 days
birth control pills1
Birth Control Pills
  • Advantages
    • Reversible
    • Regulates periods, decreases cramps
    • No interference during intercourse
  • Disadvantages
    • Human error
    • Side effects
    • Medical concerns for some women
    • DOES NOT PROTECT AGAINST STI’S
depo provera
DepoProvera
  • Long-acting form of progestin given by injection
  • Injection every 3 months
  • Prevents ovulation
  • Changes period
  • Reversible—can take up to 18 months to get pregnant
  • Side effects-weight gain and hair loss
  • 1 out of 100 become pregnant
lunelle
Lunelle
  • Monthly inhjection of synthetic hormone
  • 1 out of 100 become pregnant
  • Side effects can be weight gain and higher blood pressure
  • Was recalled in 2002
p atch
Patch
  • Dosage
    • Prevents ovulation
    • 3 weeks with patch (1 each week)
    • 1 week without patch= week of period
    • 8 out of 100 become pregnant
nuva ring
Nuva Ring
  • Plastic ring contains estrogen and progestin
  • Continuous low dosage release
  • Dosage
    • 3 weeks with ring inserted
    • 1 week without ring
    • 2 out of 100 become pregnant
plan b emergency pills
Plan B Emergency Pills
  • 1st pill taken within 72 hours
  • 2nd pill takein within 12 hours of first pill
  • Delays or prevents fertilization or inhibits implantation
  • Side effects= nausea, cramps, vomitting
  • 25 out of 100 become pregnant
norplant
Norplant
  • Six silicone tubes surgically inserted under skin
  • Releases low dose of hormone into blood stream
  • Lasts five years
barrier method
Barrier Method
  • Prevents sperm from reaching uterus
  • Prevents fertilized egg from implanting
  • Kills Sperm
male condom
Male Condom
  • Made of latex, rubber, or animal skin
  • Offers good protection from STI’s
  • 18 out of 100 become pregnant
female condom
Female Condom
  • Made of Polyurethane (stronger than latex)
  • Protects from “inside out”
  • 21 out of 100 become pregnant
diaphram
Diaphram
  • Latex barrier
  • Inserted before intercourse
  • Medically measured
  • Used in combination with spermicide
  • Changes:
    • Weight loss/gain
    • Pregnancy of miscarriage
    • 20 out of 100 become pregnant
slide23
IUD
  • Intrauterine device
  • Immobilizes sperm or prevents implantation
  • Medically inserted into uterus lasts up to 12 yrs
  • Disadvantages: spotting, cramping, infections
  • 4 out of 100 become pregnant
s permicides
Spermicides
  • Nonoxynol- kills sperm
  • Forms available: foams, gels, suppositories
  • Must be inserted into vagina 15 minutes before intercourse
  • Most effective when used in combination with a barrier method
  • 26 out of 100 become pregnant
sterilization
Sterilization
  • Male: Vasectomy
    • Vas Deferens: cut and tied or burned
    • Prevents sperm from being released
    • Caution: “leftover” sperm
  • Female: Tubal Ligation
    • Fallopian Tubes: cut, tied, or burned surgically
    • Prevents egg from passing into uterus
suggestions
Suggestions
  • Take charge of your reproductive health
    • Pap Smears=early detection of cervical cancer
    • Get tested before beginning sexual activity with a new partner
    • DON’T BE A FOOL…WRAP YOUR TOOL!