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CITY PLANNING - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CITY PLANNING
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  1. CITY PLANNING

  2. What is a city • A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. • Although there is no agreement on how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language meanings, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law.

  3. Example: • For example, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts an article of incorporation approved by the local state legislature distinguishes a city government from a town. • In the United Kingdom and parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, a city is traditionally a settlement with a royal charter. • Historically, in Europe, a city was understood to be an urban settlement with a cathedral. • Cities generally have complex systems for sanitation, utilities, land usage, housing, and transportation.

  4. Prioritizing the needs of citizens • basic city services required for sustaining life and keeping people safe are: • water, sewer, power, safety (fire and police) • transportation systems that provide access to the other necessities including places of employment, medical services (hospitals, clinics, and doctors), food (commercial areas), and education (universities and schools). • .

  5. Other City Features less essential • BUT necessary for quality of life include: • public parks • recreational facilities • Libraries • sports facilities • places for religious worship • museums.

  6. Other Basic Services • Basic to the economy of cities¾as well as providing some necessities are: • Commercial areas like stores, malls, and restaurants.

  7. Economic Growth Necessary • All cities need a basis for economic growth and sustenance, and, depending on location, that economy may be based on any combination of the following: industry (factories and high-tech businesses), agriculture, entertainment, and tourism

  8. Placement of city features • City features are arranged within an area of land in a large variety of ways. • Some of these arrangements begin to exist as a city grows based on need and the restrictions within the natural geography of the area where the city is located. (my area new, need Publix, need school, library, fire station) • Some cities are in part or entirely planned for maximum impact on the quality of life for citizens and economic growth. (Cancun) (punta Cana)

  9. Links to maps • http://www.bing.com/maps/Default.aspx?encType=1&v=2&ss=ypid.YN10001x403201786&style=r&mkt=en-us&FORM=LLDP#Y3A9MTguNDMxNjU1fi02OS40MDc4MDImbHZsPTE1JnN0eT1o • http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.&biw=1000&bih=815&wrapid=tlif134565165975611&q=cancun&um=1&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x8f4c2b05aef653db:0xce32b73c625fcd8a,Canc%C3%BAn,+Quintana+Roo,+Mexico&gl=us&sa=X&ei=ywM1UNmpLcbx0gGy84GgBA&ved=0CKsBELYD

  10. Types of Building • Residential • Commercial • Industrial • Muncipal

  11. Industrial Buildings • Any property that's used to produce an income -- as opposed to being used as living quarters -- is considered to be a commercial one. • Industrial property is used for manufacturing some kind of product and can be seen as a factory of plant. • Usually it's in an area that's zoned for light, medium, or heavy industrial purposes.

  12. Commercial Building • In contrast to industrial, a commercially zoned property will be involved in selling merchandise of one kind or another or in providing a service of some sort. • Walmart • Pizza Shop

  13. Municipal Property Controlled by state or government Courthouse Townhall Police/Fire station Parks and Rec.

  14. Residential • A residential area is a land use in which housing predominates, as opposed to industrial and commercial areas. • Housing may vary significantly between, and through, residential areas. These include single family housing, multi-family residential, or mobile homes. • Where people Live