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University Medical Center. University Medical Center HIPAA Privacy and Security Training Compliance is Everyone’s Job. UMC’S HIPAA Privacy/Security Officer: Jan Chaisson 348-1231. Topics to Cover. General HIPAA Privacy and Security Overview HIPAA Privacy

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university medical center hipaa privacy and security training compliance is everyone s job

University Medical Center

University Medical Center HIPAA Privacy and Security TrainingCompliance is Everyone’s Job

UMC’S HIPAA Privacy/Security Officer: Jan Chaisson


topics to cover
Topics to Cover


  • General HIPAA Privacy and Security Overview
  • HIPAA Privacy
    • Use and Disclosure of PHI
    • Notice of Privacy Practices
    • Authorization Form
    • Accounting for Disclosures
    • Business Associate Agreements
  • HIPAA Security
    • Security and Other Related-UA Policies
    • Access Controls
    • Contingency Planning
    • Audit Controls
    • Reporting Breaches & Security Incidents
  • Questions/Acknowledgment of Training
what is hipaa
What is HIPAA?


The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

Law passed to ease the movement of healthcare data between providers.

Privacy and Security regulations must be followed by a “Covered Entity”

applicability of hipaa to ua
Applicability of HIPAA to UA


  • UA is a “Hybrid Entity” –Only A Few Areas Must Comply
    • HIPAA Applies to UA’s Covered “Health Care Components”:
      • University of Alabama Medical Center
      • Brewer-Porch Children's Center
      • The Speech & Hearing Center
    • HIPAA Applies to UA’s Covered Health Plans
      • UA Group Health Insurance/Flexible Spending Plan/Other (EAP)
  • Also applies to Administrative Departments supporting any of these covered entities (like Legal Office, Auditing, Financial Affairs, UA Privacy/Security Officer, etc.)
what is protected health information phi
What is Protected Health Information (PHI)


Any information, maintained in any medium, including demographic information

Created/received by covered entity

Relates to/describes physical/mental health or payment for healthcare

Can be used to identify the patient

some records are not phi
Some Records are not PHI:


Student records that fall under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).

Medical records, exempt from FERPA, of students 18 or over attending UA and that are made or maintained by a health care provider and used only to treat the student and disclosed only to individuals providing the treatment.

The University’s employment records.

Not PHI if you de-identify by removing all of the 18 identifiers

data to remove to de identify patient information
Data to Remove to De-Identify Patient Information



Geographic subdivisions smaller than state (address, city, county, zip)

All elements of DATES (except year) including DOB, admission, discharge, death, ages over 89

Telephone, fax, SSN#s, VIN, license plate #s

Med record #, account #, health plan beneficiary #

Certificate/license #s

Email address, IP address, URLs

Biometric identifiers, including finger & voice prints

Full face photographic and comparable images

Any other unique identifying #, characteristic, or code

hipaa privacy security work together
HIPAA Privacy & Security Work Together


Privacy Rule applies to all PHI of covered entity and sets rules for use or disclosure of PHI, and gives person certain rights to PHI—requires entity to safeguard PHI

Security Rule applies to PHI in electronic form (EPHI) and requires various safeguards to protect the confidentiality, integrity and availability of EPHI

hipaa privacy security work together1
HIPAA Privacy & Security Work Together


Confidentiality ensures the protection of data during all aspects of its life. This includes data at rest on computers, data in transit between computers and destruction of data when no longer needed or the asset holding the data is no longer needed. Remember the rule of “Least Privilege” - Users should have access to the data they need to perform their jobs and nothing else.

Integrity is upheld when we are confident that the data is maintained in an accurate manner free of unauthorized modification. This requires controls to be in place for the hardware, software and network components to ensure that the data is free of any possible interception and/or unauthorized changes.

Availability provides the necessary capacity and performance to access data in a predictable manner. Appropriate protection mechanisms should be in place to prevent attacks both from the inside and the outside that could jeopardize Availability. Environmental issues can also affect availability such as heat, cold, humidity, static electricity and contamination.

hipaa security privacy rule penalties
HIPAA Security/Privacy Rule Penalties


  • State Breach of Privacy Claims
  • DOJ-Imposed Criminal Penalties for the Employee:
    • Wrongfully Accessing or Disclosing PHI: Fines up to $50,000 and up to 1 Year in Prison.
    • Obtaining PHI Under False Pretenses: Fines up to $100,000 and up to 5 Years in Prison.
    • Wrongfully Using PHI for a Commercial Activity: Fines up to $250,000 and up to 10 Years in Prison.
  • Federal-Imposed Civil Penalties for UA:
    • Up to $100 per violation
    • Each Name in a Data Set Can Be a Violation. Not to Exceed $25,000 Per Calendar Year.
    • Feds have six years from occurrence to initiate civil penalty action
ua hipaa sanctions
UA HIPAA Sanctions


UMC Employees who do not follow Privacy and Security Policies and related workplace rules and policies are subject to disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal

Type of sanction depends on severity of violation, intent, pattern/practice of improper activity, etc.

Sanction records maintained 6 years

Possible notification to Enforcement Officials

general rule for use and disclosure of phi
General Rule for Use and Disclosure of PHI


A covered entity can always use and disclose PHI for any purpose if it gets the person’s written authorization.

HIPAA requires certain components to be in the authorization in order for it to be valid.

There are many exceptions to the requirement for authorization.



No authorization is needed if for Treatment, Payment and Healthcare Operations (TPO).

PHI (except psychotherapy notes) may be used/disclosed for the covered entity’s own TPO.

PHI may be disclosed to other covered entities or health care providers for the payment activities of the entity that receives the information, such as an ambulance company.

PHI may be disclosed to another covered entity or health care provider for its health care operations, under limited circumstances.

no authorization is required to disclose to business associates
No Authorization is Required to Disclose to Business Associates


PHI may be disclosed to a Business Associate (BA) if UMC has executed a Business Associate Agreement with that organization or vendor.

Regulations define who qualifies as a BA.

Each UA Health Care Provider must maintain records of who its identifies as a Business Associate, and must ensure agreements are in place.

no authorization is needed to disclose phi
No Authorization is Needed to Disclose PHI:


When required (not permitted) by law;

To Public Health/Legal Authorities charged with preventing and controlling disease, disability or injury;

To FDA to ensure quality, safety, or effectiveness of FDA-regulated products;



To persons who may have been exposed to communicable disease or may be at risk of contracting or spreading a disease;

To entities charged with overseeing victims of abuse, neglect or domestic violence, consistent with reporting obligations;

To a health oversight agency for activities authorized by law (gov’t. licensing or accreditation agencies)



In response to a Court order;

In response to a subpoena that meets certain requirements (always check with the Legal Office);

Law enforcement officials seeking to identify a suspect, witness, or victim of a crime;

Coroners/medical examiners/funeral directors to identify a deceased person or determine a cause of death;

Organizations handling organ, eye or tissue donation;



To prevent/lessen a serious and imminent threat to patients or others health and safety;

To military command authorities and federal officials for intelligence and national security activities;

To comply with workers compensation laws;

Facility directories, if asked by name.

Individuals involved in patient’s care or payment.

Persons involved in disaster relief.

hipaa requires ua s health care providers to
HIPAA requires UA’s health care providers to:
  • Provide Notice to individuals of privacy practices
  • Authorization Forms
  • Control access
  • Account for use and disclosures
  • Manage complaints
  • Have a privacy officer
  • Conduct training
  • Provide sanctions
  • Develop Business Associate Agreements
  • Have policies and procedures


under hippa patients have the right to
Under HIPPA, Patients Have the Right to:


Receive Notice of Health Information Practices.

Authorize use of their data.

Request access to their data.

Request an accounting of the uses and disclosures of their data.

Request amendment and corrections to their data.

Request restrictions on use of data.

File a complaint.

ua must meet the minimum necessary standard
UA Must Meet the Minimum Necessary Standard


  • Providers should disclose or use only the minimum necessary amount of PHI in order to do their jobs.
  • Minimum necessary does not apply to:
    • Disclosures used for treatment;
    • To the individual who is the subject of the disclosure;
    • When a valid HIPAA authorization is signed;
    • Uses and disclosures required by law;
    • Disclosures to HHS.
incidental disclosures are permitted if
Incidental Disclosures are Permitted if:


They cannot be reasonably prevented;

Are limited in nature;

Are a by-product of otherwise permitted use; and

The Covered Entity has established “reasonable safeguards” to ensure only necessary information is disclosed.

incidental uses and disclosures include
Incidental Uses and Disclosures Include:


Waiting room sign-in sheets

Patient charts at bedside

Physician conversations with patients in semi-private room

Physicians conferring at nurse’s stations.

what hipaa did not change
What HIPAA Did Not Change:


Family and friends can still pick up prescriptions for sick people.

Physicians and Nurses do not have to whisper.

State laws still govern the disclosure of minor’s health information to parents. (a minor is under the age of 19 in Alabama)

ua s covered health care providers are required to have and use
UA’s Covered Health Care Providers are Required to Have and Use:


1. Notice of Privacy Practices

2. Authorization Forms

3. Accounting for Disclosures

4. Business Associate Agreements

UA has developed template forms and policies for its health care components/health plans.

1 notice of privacy practices
1. Notice of Privacy Practices


Notice of patient’s rights with respect to PHI and our privacy practices.

We must make a good faith effort to obtain the patient’s written acknowledgement at the time of receipt of the Notice of Privacy Practices, except in emergency circumstances.

Each patient must receive a Notice of Privacy practices no later than the date of first service delivery.

the notice of privacy practices
The Notice of Privacy Practices:


  • Must list each type of disclosure that may be made by the covered entity and distinguish between those that are made pursuant to law and those that are not.
2 the authorization form
2. The Authorization Form


An Authorization Form is required for the use and disclosure of PHI for business-related purposes other than Treatment, Payment, and Operations and other than the permitted exceptions.

Authorizations are always required to disclose psychotherapy notes in order to give psychotherapy notes stronger protections.

psychotherapy notes
Psychotherapy Notes


Must be kept separately from the patient’s medical record.

Consists of the “process notes” that the therapist makes about counseling sessions.

Does not include summary information used for treatment such as symptoms; summary notes; diagnosis, and medications.

authorization required for marketing
Authorization Required for Marketing


UA is prohibited from using or disclosing PHI for marketing purposes without the patient’s express authorization.

Prohibited from selling patient lists to third parties.

CAN talk with patients about our treatment options, and have common health care communication about wellness, prescription refill reminders, therapies, and appointment notifications without an authorization.

authorization for marketing
Authorization for Marketing:


Must disclose if UA is receiving benefits or payment from any third party receiving the patient’s information.

3 accounting for disclosures
3. Accounting For Disclosures


  • Individuals have the right to receive an accounting of disclosures of PHI made by UA (even to our Business Associates), except for:
    • Disclosures made to carry out Treatment, Payment and health care Operations;
    • PHI provided to the patient about them;
    • PHI disclosed to family members or friends involved in a patient’s care;
    • Disclosures made pursuant to authorization

UA has designed forms for tracking disclosures.

4 business associate agreements
4. Business Associate Agreements


  • BA performs specific tasks involving the use/disclosure of PHI on our behalf, such as billing, legal services, and accreditation.
  • Agreement requires BA to
    • not use/disclose PHI except as necessary to perform duties on our behalf
    • safeguard PHI and ePHI
    • report security incidents/breaches of confidentiality
    • log/track its disclosures of PHI.
  • UA has a BAA Template, which Legal has approved
  • If UA is the BA, Legal should review agreement
hipaa put new requirements on research
HIPAA Put New Requirements on Research:


  • If you work for a Health Care Provider under HIPAA, do not release PHI for research unless:
    • The patient has signed a valid HIPAA authorization, or
    • The IRB at UA has approved a waiver of authorization; or
    • The IRB agrees that an exception applies.

Separate training on HIPAA & Research is available through the Privacy Office.

security standards general rules
Security Standards – General Rules


  • HIPAA security standards ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of PHI created, received, maintained, or transmitted electronically (ePHI – Electronic Protected Health Information) by and with all facilities.
  • Protect against any reasonably anticipated threats or hazards to the security or integrity or such information
  • Protect against any reasonably anticipated uses or disclosures of such information that are not permitted
the hipaa security rule requires
The HIPAA Security Rule Requires…

HIPAA Security Policy Documents

  • General Security Requirements
  • Risk Analysis and Management
  • HIPAA Security Sanction Policy
  • Information System Activity Review
  • Named Security Officer
  • Workforce Security
  • Information Access Management
  • Security Awareness and Training
  • Protection from Malicious Software
  • Security Incident Procedures
  • Contingency Planning
  • Facility Access Controls
  • Workstation Use and Security
  • Device and Media Controls
  • Medial Reallocation and Disposal
  • Access Controls
  • Audit Controls
  • Data Authentication
  • Person or Entity Authentication
  • Transmission Security


managing access to information
Managing Access to Information


  • Access to UMC’S computer systems and information is based on your work duties and responsibilities with UMC
  • Access privileges are limited to only the minimum necessary information you need to do your work
  • Access to an information system does not automatically mean that you are authorized to view or use all the data in that system
  • Different levels of access for personnel to EPHI is intentional!
    • Doctors access is for physicians
    • Nursing access is for nursing
    • Students access is for students
  • Access in one capacity may not permit access in another capacity
  • If job duties change, clearance levels for access to EPHI is re-evaluated
  • Access is eliminated if employee terminated
  • Accessing EPHI for which you are not cleared or for which there is no job-related purpose will subject you to sanctions!
information access control
Information Access Control


Do not allow unauthorized persons into restricted areas where access to PHI or ePHI could occur

Arrange computer screens so they are not visible to unauthorized persons and/or patients; use security screens in areas accessible to public

Log in with password, log off prior to leaving work area, and do not leave computer unattended

Close files not in use/turn over paperwork containing PHI

Do not duplicate, transmit, or store PHI without authorization

Storage of PHI on removable devices (Disk/CD Rom/DVD/ Thumb Drives) is prohibited without prior authorization

password management
Password Management


  • Do not allow coworkers to use your computer without first logging off your user account
  • Do not share passwords or reuse expired passwords
  • Use passwords that cannot be easily guessed (B’day, pets, kids)
  • Choose new passwords when they must be reset
  • Do not write down passwords that could provide access to EPHI
  • Change password if you suspect anyone else knows it
  • Change passwords or delete accounts when employees are transferred or terminated
  • Pick good passwords – Recommendations for good passwords:
    • 7 characters long
    • 3 of 4 data types – Upper, Lower, Numeric and Special Character
    • Change periodically
    • Good password scheme is critical for complex passwords – R0llt!de (don’t use this, just an example)
log in monitoring by security officer
Log-in Monitoring by Security Officer


  • Look for Inappropriate Access – Outside Normal Classification
  • Monitor Logs for Brute Force Attacks
    • Same ID, Multiple Password Guesses
    • Multiple ID/Password Attempts That Fail
    • Multiple Attempts to Log-in to Administrative Accounts
  • Log-in Outside Normal Hours
  • Multiple Log-ins With Same ID
  • Significant findings are recorded and presented to management and safeguards adjusted based on findings
protection from malicious software
Protection from Malicious Software


  • Malicious software can be thought of as any virus, worm, malware, adware, etc.
  • As a result of an unauthorized infiltration, ePHI and other data can be damaged or destroyed
  • Practice good PC hygiene
    • Automatic patch update for your Operating System
    • Install and use a good anti virus/anti spyware software package and set updates to daily and a full system scan once a week
    • If possible, enable firewall protection for your PC
      • Notify your supervisor, system support representative, and/or security officer immediately if you believe your computer has been compromised or infected with a virus—do not continue using computer until resolved.
  • Do not disable anti-virus software on individual workstations
  • Do not open e-mail or attachments from an unknown, suspicious, or untrustworthy source or if the subject line is questionable or unexpected—DELETE THEM IMMEDIATELY
use of technology
Use of Technology


Email, internet use, fax and telephones are to be used for UA business purposes (see UA policies)

No ePHI is permitted to leave facility in any format without prior approval

Email should never be used to communicate PHI without being encrypted

We must be sure electronically transmitted ePHI is not improperly modified without detection

Fax of PHI should only be done when the recipient can be reliably identified

Verify fax number and recipient before transmitting

Uploading of PHI for instruction or communication is prohibited w/o prior approval and demonstration of appropriate de-identification procedures

general misuse of workstations
General Misuse of Workstations


Do not misuse e-mail privileges by sending and forwarding non-business related mass e-mails, chain e-mails and junk e-mail

Do not misuse internet privileges by spending excessive time on the internet for non-work related business or accessing inappropriate sites

Do not download, install, or run unauthorized software

Do not use non-work related chat rooms and instant messaging programs at work

Do not knowingly enable an external/remote party to gain unauthorized access or control of any device, application, or system to the data networks

Only individuals with administrative responsibilities or their designee may be granted access to the e-mail account of their former employee or vendor

links to ua policies
Links to UA Policies


Network and Computing Support Policies:

Electronic Media Policy:

University of Alabama General Policies:

media reallocation and disposal
Media Reallocation and Disposal


  • All computers, disks, removable storage devices must be properly cleaned/erased before transfer or disposal
    • No computer or disk/CD Rom/DVD or any other removable storage device should leave the facility for disposal/transfer without ensuring that ePHI has been properly cleaned
    • Do not throw away a disk/CD Rom/DVD or any other removal storage device containing ePHI
    • Do not transfer computers to another department before taking steps to ensure that any ePHI has been PROPERLY erased/deleted from that computer
    • Do not transfer any hard drive/disk/CD Rom/DVD or other removable storage device before taking steps to ensure that any ePHI has been erased/deleted
    • Merely deleting files is not a proper cleaning method. See Media Reallocation and Disposal Policy for proper sanitization methods
  • Sanctions can be imposed for violations of this policy!
facility access controls
Facility Access Controls


  • Access to our centers must be managed and controlled to prevent unauthorized visitors from accessing the facilities or PHI
  • Help to monitor the controls we have for Facility Access
    • Sign-in Visitors and Vendors
    • Insure that locks, card access, or any other physical access controls are working as expected
  • Report any problems or possible problems to your supervisor, administrator, and/or your security officer.
contingency planning
Contingency Planning


Contingency planning allows us to continue some critical operations in the event of an emergency

Help us prepare for emergencies by pointing out critical areas necessary for continuing operations

This includes emergency communications plans, emergency operations plans, back up and recovery plans and many other items included in an Impact Analysis and Disaster Recovery Plan

Some of you may be asked to participate in the creation of these plans and will be involved in testing

audit controls
Audit Controls


Audit Controls are required to insure that we are following all of the required regulations associated with the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules

This will require us to make sure that we have procedures in place that provide tracking and audit records demonstrating compliance with all rules and regulations

Please notify your supervisor and Security Officer of any improvements necessary or deficiencies that would assist with properly tracking and controlling access to PHI

reporting security incidents
Reporting Security Incidents


  • Notify your Security Officer or supervisor of any unusual or suspicious incident
  • Security incidents include the following:
    • Theft of or damage to equipment
    • Unauthorized use of a password
    • Unauthorized use of a system
    • Violations of standards or policy
    • Computer hacking attempts
    • Malicious code
    • Security Weaknesses
    • Breaches to patient, employee, or student privacy
questions comments


  • Know Your Security and Privacy Officer:
    • UMC’S Privacy/Security Officer: Jan Chaisson,, 348-1231
    • UA Privacy Officer: Jan Chaisson
    • UA Security Officer: Ashley Ewing
  • Other References
    • Privacy:
    • Security:
  • Acknowledgement:
    • Please Complete the Training Acknowledgement Form to Obtain Credit for Completing the Annual Training