Urbanization & the population question

1 / 18

# Urbanization & the population question - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Urbanization & the population question. Source: Marshall, J. 2005. Urbanization & the population question. Ink shed (5 mins): If the ecological footprint of average North American is 9.5 hectares, how much space in square kilometers would we need for every person to consume the same?

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

## PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Urbanization & the population question' - reidar

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Urbanization & the population question
• Ink shed (5 mins): If the ecological footprint of average North American is 9.5 hectares, how much space in square kilometers would we need for every person to consume the same?
• Earth’s total population = 6,500,000,000
• 1 hectare = 0.01 km²
• Total surface area of Earth: 510,065,600 km²
• ((9.5*6,500,000,000)*0.01) = 617,500,000 km²
• 617,500,000 km² / 510,065,600 km² = 1.2 Earths!!
Urbanization & the population question
• Ecological footprint: measures the amount of renewable and non-renewable ecologically productive land area required to support the resource demands and absorb the wastes of a given population or specific activities.

http://www.footprintnetwork.org/gfn_sub.php?content=footprint_overview

Urbanization & the population question

www.uwec.edu/geography/Ivogeler/w111/boat.htm

Outline
• Global patterns of urbanization
• Differences in urbanization between MDCs and LDCs
• Urbanization and the population question
• Urban service provision and urban economies in LDC cities
Urban service provision
• In the MDCs about 6 percent of the urban population live in slum conditions
• In the LDCs about 80 percent of the urban population live in slums (barrios, favelas, ‘spontaneous settlements’).
• Often located on undesirable, or dangerous sites: steep slopes, beside garbage dumps, or along roads and railway lines.
Different Models: India (Mumbai)
• 2001 Census showed 37% of urban households in India lived in one room
• In Mumbai it was 65%, with an average of 5 persons/household
• Only half the dwellings have running water and 26% have no toilet (53% in Mumbai)
• 23% of the urban population lives in squatter settlements and hovels – in Mumbai probably 8 of 12 million inhabitants live in these conditions
Different Models

Hong Kong

‘Boat People’

Different Models

Brazil

Favela seen from Copacabana Beach, Rio

Different Models

Africa

Kibera, Nairobi

700,000 people)