Section II: Using Research and Communication Tools to Enhance Instruction. Chapter 6: Word Processing. Frameworks: What we know. Research studies have found that there are multiple advantages of using WP with students . Increased productivity of students Increased accuracy of students
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Section II: Using Research and Communication Tools to Enhance Instruction Chapter 6: Word Processing
Frameworks: What we know • Research studies have found that there are multiple advantages of using WP with students. • Increased productivity of students • Increased accuracy of students • Improved student attitudes toward writing • Improved the quality of writing • Improved quality of organization, spelling • Effective assistive technology device for students with mild disabilities
Basics: Uses of WP Teacher design and development of • Exams; quizzes; lesson plans • Grant proposals; reports • Communication with parents • Activity or research guide sheets Student writing assignments • Creative and/or collaborative writing projects • Journal writing; report writing • Newsletters, brochures, trading cards Voices in the Classroom Amy Kelly, MS K-12 teacher (French and German)
Basics: Software Options for WP • Stand alone / Full featured programs /Software suites • MS Word(Microsoft) • WordPerfect (Corel)- part of Word Perfect Office X3 • Pages(Apple) - part of iWork ‘06 • Integrated programs have WP function • MS Works(Microsoft) AppleWorks (Apple) • Open Source • AbiWord • Writer - Open Office Suite • Specialized writing and multimedia software • KidsWorks - Grades 1-4 • Storybook Weaver Deluxe - Grades K-5 • Student Writing Center - Grades 4-9
Basics: Word Processor Capabilities Word processing software has multiple capabilities that make it a useful tool. • Working with Text • Entering, editing, saving and printing text • Formatting • changes the look of a document or a selected portion of the document • use default settings or change them using • document formatting • paragraph formatting • font formatting
Basics - Document Formatting Document formatting is changing the default document settings. • Orientation • Portrait • Landscape • Margins • Margins are top, bottom, left, and right • Can be changed independently of one another
Basics - Paragraph Formatting Paragraph formatting can be set for the entire document or just one paragraph. • Alignment (justification) of text • Placement of text horizontally on a page • Paragraph indentations • First-line indentations: • used to indent first line of each paragraph in a document • Hanging indentations: • indent of all subsequent lines of a paragraph • Block indentations: • indent both left and right margins of the paragraph • Line Spacing • Single, Double and 1.5
Basics - Font formatting Modify the appearance of text by changing fonts • Font Families • The division of fonts into families that share common traits: serif, sans-serif, mono-space, gothic • Typeface • Differ in appearance and size • Type Size • Font size is measured in points (72 pts. = approx. 1 inch) • Type Case • UPPERCASE and lowercase letters • Emphasis • Bold, Italic, underline, shadow, emboss, etc.
Basics - More Options • More Formatting Options • Bulleted or numbered lists • Columns • Tab settings; leaders • Insertions • Page numbers • Headers; footers • Page breaks; section breaks (widows/orphans) • Hyperlinks • Tables • Tools • Spell Check, Thesaurus, Dictionary; Word Count • Styles • Text wrap • Wrap text around pictures
Basics: Moving between Platforms • Tips for Safely Moving between Macs and Windows • Save files to Windows-formatted disk if you will be working on both Windows and Macs • USB drives are universal • Always keep a back-up
Adapting for Special Learners • Zoom Option • Allows increase of size of the screen display of text (no change to font size of the printed text) • Text Color and Background Color • Text and background can be changed • Create contrast • Most effective when used electronically • Speech Recognition • Feature is designed to support the need for dictation of words or numbers
Adaptations Using WP for Access • Spelling and Grammar Checking • May be turned on or off • When turned on, automatic notices appear • (red underline for misspellings in Word, green underline for grammar issues) • Document Templates • Templates can serve as guides for students • Readability Statistics • Teachers can check the difficultyof a document by checking these stats • Auto Summary • Will analyze a digital document and produce a summary of the main points
Specialized Word Processors • Text-to-Speech Word Processors • Allow auditory feedback of text in a variety of formats • Word Prediction • Predicts an word from the first few keystrokes • Presents possible choices that can be inserted with one key stroke or mouse click • Rebus-Based Word Processor • A rebus is a picture or symbol that is used in place of or to describe a written word • Portable Word Processors • Text is entered directly into this portable device and then printed