Emergency Vehicle OperationsUnit VStandard Operating ProceduresStandard Operating Guidelines
Unit VObjectives • The EVO will understand the importance of Training Standards & SOP’s/SOG’s • The EVO will be able to list the elements of and develop a SOP • The EVO will be able to list SOP’s required for emergency response
Need for Policy • What seems obvious after the fact ……
Need for Policy • …….. Is not always clear at the time
Is There a Difference? • SOP- Internally generated and fairly rigid • SOG- Internally generated, a guideline • Does it really matter what it is called? Wrong is wrong and dead is dead. If it was important enough to write down it should be followed……… whenever possible.
Standard Operating Procedures • Essential for safe and efficient operation • What?, Who?, When?, Where?, & How? • Same operation , the same way for all • In accordance with state law and NFPA Standards
Typical Department Procedures • 2 In/2 Out • Turnout Gear • Level of Training • NIIMS • Accountability • Safety Officer • Documentation • Fire Fighter Injuries
Emergency Response Operating Procedures • Drugs and Alcohol • Use of warning devices • Level of response • Maximum speed limit • Use of seat belts • Backing • Driver Selection and Training • Scene Placement
Elements of a Good SOP/SOG • Must be Clear • Must be up to date • Must be understood • Must be followed • Must be reviewed regularly
Elements of a Good SOP/SOG • Policy Number • Title • Issue Date • Objective or Purpose • Policy • Procedure • Enforcement • Signed by Authority
Seatbelt Use Failure to wear seatbelts & being ejected from the vehicle are listed as two major contributing factors in firefighter fatalities during EV crashes. Does your department mandate, through written operating guidelines, seatbelt usage? Do you have compliance?
This is what happens when you rollover and why you wear a seatbelt. CLICK MOVIE SCREEN TO START MOVIE
Many Departments establish driving policies on maximum speed during emergency response. Does your department have a similar policy?
REMEMBER The established maximum speed may not be a safe maximum speed.
The vehicle must ALWAYS be driven at a speed that allows for control. Exceeding the posted speed limit for a vehicle during an emergency response SHOULD BE AVOIDED.
Volunteers Response in Personal Vehicles Excessive speed during the initial phase of a response by volunteers in their personal vehicles leads all other types of vehicles involved in fatal firefighter crashes. What is your departments policy concerning personal vehicles during a response?
One Volunteer Lieutenant Dies and a Volunteer Fire Fighter is Seriously Injured in a Motor Vehicle Rollover Incident While En-route to a Trailer Fire - North Carolina
June 2003, a 30 year old volunteer fire fighter was fatally injured after his POV hydroplaned and struck a billboard signpost. His speed was undetermined. He had passed another motorist who reported she had been traveling at 40 mph. He was not wearing a seatbelt. Wearing a seatbelt may not have prevented this fatality.
Emergency Vehicle Operations On the quiet response St. Louis Fire Department • February 7, 1995 • Goal of program: Reduce the number of accidents involving apparatus
Emergency or Non Emergency? • Automatic Alarms • Structure Alarms • Natural Gas Leaks • Wires Down • Calls For Manpower • Flush Jobs • Lock Outs • Smoke Detectors • Manual Pull Stations • Carbon Monoxide Detectors • Plugging Details • Assisting Police • Keys In Running Autos • Abandoned Drums/ • Unknown Odors • Rubbish and Weed Fires • Move-ups • Broken Sprinkler/Water Pipes • Dumpster Fires • Removing Doors From Abandoned Refrigerators
Emergency Vehicle Operations Results • Direct reduction of accidents – 17% • Increased call volume brings reduction to – 35% • Hidden Benefit • Reduced Dumpster Fires by 51% (over a four year period)
Group Activity 5.1 • You are the newly elected chief of your department (good luck) • Find and review the departments SOPS on driving operations including backing, seat belts, response routes, level of response, off road use, maintenance and driver selection • Write an SOP for any of the above areas that are missing • Write an SOP for color of new trucks
Unit VReview • The EVO will understand the importance of Training Standards & SOP’s/SOG’s • The EVO will be able to list the elements of and develop a SOP • The EVO will be able to list SOP’s required for emergency response