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Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering University of Cantabria (SPAIN)

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering University of Cantabria (SPAIN)

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Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering University of Cantabria (SPAIN)

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  1. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering University of Cantabria (SPAIN) RESEARCH GROUP: DePRO PI: Ángel Irabien http://www.unican.es/Departamentos/ingquimica/Investigacion/20100208.htm OCTOBER 2014

  2. DePRO Main fields of interest Distribution Manufacturing and Retail Use More info… Website: http://www.unican.es/Departamentos/ingquimica/Investigacion/20100208.htm PROCESS INTENSIFICATION PROCESS INTEGRATION METRICS FOR SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT Collection Design Re-use, Recycling, Energydiscovery, Disposal Resource extraction processing

  3. 2. Research • ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY (ENV SUS): Dr. Ignacio Fernández-Olmo • LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT (LCA): Dr. Rubén Aldaco • SUSTAINABLE AND INNOVATIVE MEMBRABNE TECHNOLOGIES (MEMB): Dr. Aurora Garea, Dr. Clara Casado • CARBON CAPTURE AND VALORIZATION (CO2): Dr. Antonio Domínguez-Ramos, Dr. Manuel Alvarez-Guerra • PROCESS AND ENERGY ENGINEERING (CAPE): Prof. Angel Irabien, Prof. Ignacio Eguiluz Index 1. Introduction: about us 3. Analytical Facilities

  4. 1. Who are we? Prof. Ángel Irabien Gulías Prof. L.I. Eguiluz Morán Dra. Aurora Garea Vázquez Dr. Ignacio Fernandez-Olmo Dr. Rubén Aldaco García 1.Introduction: about us Dr. Roberto Arce Recio Dra. Cristina Lasa Diaz Dra. Olga Oliván Martinez Dra. Clara Casado Coterillo Dr. Manuel Alvarez-Guerra Dr. Antonio Dominguez Ramos Enrique Alvarez-Guerra Dr. Axel Arruti Fernández Dr. Julián Diaz Ortiz Dr. Jose Antonio Fernández PhD. Students: Andrés del Castillo Martín Ana Fernández Barquín Lucía Gomez Coma Ana Hernández Pellón • German Santos Bregel Isabel García Herrero María Margallo Blanco Javier Pinedo Alonso Esther Santos Santamaria Technicians: Elena Manteca Rivera Beatriz ArcePascual 2. Where are we? E.T.S Ingenieros Industriales y Telecomunicación Avda. Los Castros s/n 39005 Santander (Cantabria) Spain

  5. 2.Research: ENV SUS • Assessment of heavy metal levels in ambient air by means of tools based on multivariate analysis Supervisor: Prof. Ignacio Fernández-Olmo PhD. Germán Santos Atmospheric pollution due to the presence of particulate matter (PM) in ambient air remains one of the environmental issues of concern in urban areas, especially because of the adverse health effects associated with some of its constituents such as heavy metals. In this respect, the European Union (EU) through the Air Quality Framework Directive has set air quality targets for some trace metals in particulate matter. However, the analytical procedures for the determination of heavy metals in PM are expensive and time-consuming. According to EU Directives, since the heavy metal levels do not exceed the lower assessment threshold in some studied sites of Cantabria (Northern Spain), objective estimation techniques can be used as an alternative to experimental determination. These techniques can be interpreted as mathematical methods to calculate concentrations from values measured at other locations and/or times. In this regard, multivariate regression techniques are widely used in the literature to estimate the concentration of air pollutants. The aim of this work is to estimate PM-bound metal levels in some urban areas in Cantabria by means of statistical models based on multivariate analysis techniques. These estimations can be usedfor air quality assessment as an alternative to experimental measurements. Analysis Multivariateanalysis Sampling INPUTS: Heavy metal measurements ESTIMATIONS: Heavy metal levels Microwave-assisteddigestion ICP/MS

  6. 2.Research: LCA • Life cycle assessment of packaging waste incineration in Spain and Portugal: a multi input/output allocation model • Supervisors: Dr. Rubén Aldaco, Prof. Angel Irabien • PhD. María Margallo Waste generation in Europe has increased in recent years, amounting to more than 2 billion tons in 2010. Most common waste treatments are landfilling, incineration and recycling. However, despite landfilling is still the most common practice, waste incineration has increased in the last years.The main advantages of incineration are the reduction of mass and volume of residues and the recovery of energy. However, incineration had gained a bad reputation owing to the environmental impact. To assess the advantages and disadvantages and the environmental impacts a life cycle perspective is required. Within the framework of FENIX project it is proposed a multi input-output allocation model that describe the Spanish and Portuguese waste incineration landscape. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) “Collectionand assessment of inputs, outputs and potencial environemtnalimpacts of a productsystemalongitslifecycle ” (ISO 14040:2006) From cradle To grave Raw material extraction Transport Production Waste treatment Use Packaging

  7. 2.Research: MEMB • Valorization of bovinewheyproteinsbymeans of ionicliquid-basedsystems • Supervisor: Prof. Angel Irabien • PhD. Enrique Alvarez-Guerra Bovine whey is a by-product from cheese manufacture that is considered an industrial wastewater pollutant, but it contains high added value compounds such as lactoferrin (LF), a bovine whey proteins with important nutraceutical properties. Traditional methods to obtain whey proteins are time and cost consuming, so they constitute the major bottleneck of the technical and economic viability of protein valorization processes. The aim of this work is the development of a valorization process that overcome the constraints of traditional methods. For this purpose, the advantages of liquid-liquid extraction techniques are combined with the interesting properties of the ionic liquids. Whey proteins can be recovered at the liquid-liquid interface when specific ionic liquid/salt systems are used. Aqueousionicliquid-richphase Proteinrecovered at L-L interface Aqueoussalt-richphase • RecentPublication: E. Alvarez-Guerra, A. Irabien, Extraction of lactoferrin withhydrophobicionicliquids. Sep. Purif. Technol. 98 (2012) 432–440.

  8. 2.Research: MEMB • New membranematerialsfor CO2separation • Dr. Clara Casado-Coterillo • The performance of gas separation membranes is usually studied by their permeability (production) and selectivity (separation factor). In this light, the research starts from commercially available polymers or polymer membranes of high free volume, i.e. high permeability, that fall on the upperbound established by Prof. Robeson in 2008 and improve their selectivity by the introduction of materials that are proved good adsorbents or absorbents for CO2, such as molecular sieves (zeo-types or inorganic particles), ionic liquids and/or polymerizable ionic liquids in a polymer that is already highly permeable to this gas. Figure. Robeson’s upperbound

  9. Research: MEMB • Preparation and characterization of flat and hollow fiber membranes for CO2separation • Supervisors: Dr. Clara Casado Coterillo and Prof. Ángel Irabien • PhD: Ana Fernández Barquín • Membrane configuration is a key factor to improve the area and to reduce cost and volume. Hollow fiber configuration seems to satisfy these requirements being able to treat high CO2 volume and present elevated area/volume ratio, good operating flexibility and handling in the manufacturing of modules. These factors affect the efficiency of the membrane in the separation process and facilitate the scaling up of the permeation unit. • My research focuses on the change of geometry from flat configuration to hollow fiber membranes. Those materials which overcome the existent material capacity in the CO2/N2 separation, will be used in the generation of hollow fibers, whose separation and transport properties will be measured, in the same way, to analyze the geometry change effect. 9

  10. 2.Research: MEMB • Non-dispersive absorption with ionic liquids Supervisors: Prof. Ángel Irabien, Dr. Aurora Garea PhD. Lucía Gómez Coma • Post-combustion system based on amines is used conventionally for carbon dioxide separation. However ionic liquids (ILs) have emerged as new attractive solvents because of their zero emission solvent feature. • The aim of this work is to describe the temperature effect on the carbon dioxide mass transfer coefficient when applying an IL with high CO2 solubility: 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate [emim][Ac]. Polypropylene membrane contactors are used to achieve this issue. The overall mass transfer coefficient and the process efficiency are experimentally calculated and discussed in terms of CO2 recovery. Furthermore, the chemical reaction between [emim][Ac] and CO2 is being studied.

  11. 2.Research: CO2 • CO2separationusingSupportedIonicLiquidmembranes (SILMs) • Supervisors: Prof. Ángel Irabien and Dr. Jonathan Albo • PhD. Esther Santos New more energy-efficient and cost-effective strategies are needed for CO2 removal from gas streams. Amongvariousmembranesfor CO2 separation, Supported Ionic Liquid Membranes (SILMs) show higher selectivity compared to polymeric membranes. Nevertheless, the application of SILMs in gas separation still remains some challenges. Themainobjectiveof our work is to investigate new absorbents with higher capacity and selectivity for CO2 capture. • RecentPublications: J.Albo, E.Santos, L.A.Neves, S.P.Simeonov, C.A.M.Afonso, J.G.Crespo,A. Irabien, Separation performance study of CO2throughSupportedMagnetic Ionic LiquidMembranes(SMILMs). Sep. Purif. Technol. 97(2012) 26-33. E. Santos, J. Albo, C. I. Daniel, C.A.M. Portugal, J.G. Crespo, A. Irabien, Permeability modulation of Supported Magnetic Ionic Liquid Membranes (SMILMs) by an external magnetic field. J. Membr. Sci. 430(2013) 56–61. E.Santos, J.Albo, A. Rosatella, C.A.M.Afonso, A. Irabien,Magnetic Ionic Liquids (MILs) for Supported Magnetic Ionic Liquid Membranes (SMILMs). I&ECR (Under review)

  12. 2.Research: CO2 • CO2valorizationto formate: electroreduction in aqueous media • Supervisors: Prof. Angel Irabien , Dr. Manuel Alvarez-Guerra • Master Student: Andrés Del Castillo The conversion of CO2 into fuels and chemical products appears as a more interesting option than carbon storage, since it allows the recycling of CO2into added-value products. One of the most interesting is formate because it is a raw material used at several industries and it is a promising candidate fuel for low-temperature fuel-cells. The performance of continuous electro-reduction processes for CO2 valorization into formate is currently being studied using tin, both in the form of Sn plate cathode or Snnanopowder deposited on a gas diffusion electrode (GDE). Cathode: 2e- +H++CO2  HCOO- Anode: 2OH- ½ O2 + H2O + 2e-

  13. 2.Research: CO2 • CO2 valorization to carbonates: electrosynthesis of dimethyl carbonate from methanol in the presence of ionic liquid [bmim][Br] Supervisors: Prof. Ángel Irabien, Dr. Manuel Alvarez-Guerra PhD. Mª Isabel García Carbon dioxide is one of the main contributors to greenhouse effect, so avoiding CO2 emissions by its capture and subsequent storage, or even better, subsequent valorization into valuable products, has attracted much attention. Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is an environmentally friendly valuable chemical of great interest, used as alkylating agent, intermediate in the production of higher carbonates and potential gasoline additive due to its high oxygen content. The aim of this work is to assess the technical feasibility of CO2 valorization into DMC by means of electrosynthesis using CO2 and methanol, in the presence of ionic liquid [bmim][Br] and with potassium methoxide as cocatalyst. A filter press cell with anodic and cationic compartments separated by a Nafioncation-exchange membrane is used, and Pt/Nb plates are selected as electrodes. The proposed approach avoids the conventional addition of alkylating agents such as carcinogenic CH3I, and unlike previous work that used an undivided cell, our experimental set-up involves a filter-press type cell configuration to allow continuous operation.

  14. 3.Analytical Facilities • Analysis of Environmental parameters : Ecotoxicity, TOC, BOD, COD,… • Sample preparation techniques: Digestion/Extraction, Clean-up, Concentration, Lyophilization, Filtration.

  15. 3.Analytical Facilities • High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (HRMS): HighResolution GC/MS DFS Thermo Fisher Scientific • Liquid chromatography: HPLC with photodiode array detector series 1100 Agilent Ionic Chromatographs DX-120 and ICS-5000 Dionex • Gas Chromatography: Gas Chromatograph GCMS-QP2010 Ultra Shimadzu Gas chromatograph GC 6890 Agilent

  16. 3.Analytical Facilities • Spectroscopic techniques: Spectrophotometer UV/vis DR-5000 Hach Lange Emission spectrometer Plasma 400 Perkin Elmer Atomic absorption spectrometer 3100 Perkin Elmer Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry 7500 Agilent • Solid characterization: Thermobalance DTG-60H Shimadzu B.E.T. equipment for determination of the surface area and pore size Asap 2000 Micromeritics • Chemical laboratory: Analysis of ammonia nitrogen, pH, conductivity, laboratory drying ovens and furnaces, magnetic stirrers, ultrasound bath, water purification systems…

  17. 2.Research: ENV SUS • RecentPublications: S. Ruiz, A. Arruti, I. Fernández-Olmo, J.A. Irabien, Contribution of point sources to trace metal levels in urban areas surrounded by industrial activities in the Cantabria Region (NorthernSpain), Procedia Environmental Sciences,4 (2011) 76-86. • RelatedProjects: Title:Sostenibilidad de la producción: intensificación e integración de procesos en la industria química y transformadora. Participant entities: UNIVERSIDAD DE CANTABRIA Duration, since 2006 to 2011 Main researcher: Angel Irabien Title: Programa de Calidad del Aire y Control del Cambio Climático en Cantabria Participant entities: UNIVERSIDAD DE CANTABRIA Duration, since 04/2006 to 07/2007. Main researcher: Ignacio Fernández  Title: Actuaciones para el diagnóstico y mejora de la calidad del aire en la Comunidad Autónoma de Cantabria Participant entities: UNIVERSIDAD DE CANTABRIA Duration, since 04/2008 to 12/2010. Main researcher: Ignacio Fernández

  18. 2.Research: ENV SUS • Conferences: “Estimation of ambient air levels of regulated heavy metals by means of Partial Least Squares Regression (PLSR)”, G. Santos and I. Fernández-Olmo. HARMO 15 Conference, 15th International Conference on Harmonisation within Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling for Regulatory Purposes. 6-9 May 2013 (Madrid). Poster presentation. • Related Projects: Title: Herramientaspara la evaluación de la concentración y depósito de metalespesados y compuestosorgánicospersistentes (COPs) en aireambiente a escala local/regional. Participant entities: UNIVERSIDAD DE CANTABRIA Duration, since 01/01/2011 to 02/01/2014 Main researcher: Ignacio Fernández-Olmo

  19. 2.Research: LCA • RecentPublications: García V., Margallo M., Aldaco R., Urtiaga A., Irabien A. EnvironmentalSustainabilityAssessment of aninnovative Cr (III) passivation process. ACS SustainableChemistry & Engineering 2013. Acceptedpaper Margallo M., Aldaco R., Bala A., Fullana P., Irabien A. Best Available Techniques in Municipal Solid Waste Incineration: State of the Art in Spain and Portugal Chemical Engineering Transactions 2012, 29, pp. 1345-1350. Margallo M., Aldaco R., Bala A., Fullana P., Irabien A. Implementation of the Selective Collection in Small Villages of less than 50 Inhabitants in Cantabria Region (Spain): Preliminary Viability Study. ChemicalEngineeringTransactions 2010, 21, pp. 733-738. • RelatedProjects: Title: FENIX-Giving Packaging a New Life Participant entities: Esci-GiGa, UniversitatPompeuFabra (Spain), PE International (Germany), Sociedade Ponto Verde (Portugal), Ecoembres (Spain), Universidad de Cantabria (Spain), Universidad San Jorge, Centro Tecnológico de Miranda de Ebro, Escolad'Engineyeriad'Igualada(Spain), Instituto Tecnológico Metalmecánico (Spain) , Instituto Tecnológico del Mueble (Spain) , Madera, Embalaje y Afines (Spain), Instituto Tecnológico del Plástico (AIMPLAS), Universidad de Santiago (Spain), Instituto Andaluz de Tecnología (Spain), Cátedra Ecoembes de Medio Ambiente de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), Universidad de Tras- os-Montes e Alto Douro (Portugal), LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (Portugal), CCIAM - Climate Change Research Group (Portugal), Universidad Católica Portuguesa (Portugal) Duration, since 01/01/2010 to 31/12/2012 Main researcher: Rubén Aldaco

  20. 2.Research: MEMB • RecentPublications: R. Abejón, A. Garea, A. Irabien. Optimum design of reverse osmosis systems for hydrogen peroxide ultrapurification.AIChE Journal, 58 (2012) 3718-3730. R. Abejón, A. Garea, A. Irabien. Minimization of energy consumption for chemicals ultrapurification processes. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 29 (2012) 1549-1554. R. Abejón, A. Garea, A. Irabien. Integrated countercurrent reverse osmosis cascades for hydrogen peroxide ultrapurification. Computers and Chemical Engineering, 41 (2012) 67-76. R. Abejón, A. Garea, A. Irabien. Analysis, modelling and simulation of hydrogen peroxide ultrapurification by multistage reverse osmosis. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 90 (2012) 442-452 R. Abejón, A. Garea, A. Irabien. Multiobjective optimization of membrane processes for chemicals ultrapurification. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 30 (2012) 542-546. • RelatedProjects: Title: Ultrapurification of Wet Chemicals to Electronic Grade Based on Membranes Technology Participant entities: UNIVERSIDAD DE CANTABRIA Duration, since 01/10/2010 to 30/09/2013 Main researcher: Aurora Garea

  21. 2.Research: MEMB • Congresses& Conferences: E. Alvarez-Guerra, A. Irabien, Lactoferrin concentration by means of ionic liquid-based three phase partitioning (ILTPP), ECCE9 2013,TheHague (Netherlands)21st- 25thApril 2013. Oral presentation. E. Alvarez-Guerra, A. Irabien, Selective extraction of lactoferrin with imidazolium-based ionic liquids,CHISA 2012 Prague (CzechRepublic)25th- 29thAugust 2012. Poster presentation. E. Alvarez-Guerra, A. Irabien, Direct extraction of lactoferrin with ionic liquids, ANQUE-ICCE 2012 Sevilla (Spain) 24th- 27thJune 2012. Oral presentation. E. Alvarez-Guerra, A. Irabien, Transport of lactoferrin through bulk ionic liquid membranes, 12th Mediterranean Congress of Chemical Engineering, Barcelona (Spain), 15th -18th November 2011. Poster presentation. • RelatedProjects: Title: Development of Novel Stimuli-Responsive Membranes Integrating Magnetic Ionic Liquids for Innovative SeparationProcesses (EUI2008-03857) MICINN (ERANET) Partners: Universidad de Cantabria (UC), Universidade Nova de Lisboa (UNL), Universidade de Lisboa (UL) Duration: 15/09/2009 to 31/12/2012

  22. 2.Research: MEMB • Recentpublications • C. Casado-Coterillo, J. Soto, M. T. Jimaré, S. Valencia, A. Corma, C. Téllez, J. Coronas (2012) “Preparation and characterization of ITQ-29/polysulfone mixed matrix membranes for gas separation: effect of zeolite composition and particle size”, Chemical Engineering Science, 73, 116-122. • C. Casado, J. Castán, I. Gracia, M. Yus, V. Sebastián, P. López-Ram-d-Viu, S. Uriel, J. Coronas (2012) “L- and D-proline adsorption by chiral ordered mesoporous silica”, Langmuir, 28, 6638-6644. • J. M. Zamaro, N. C. Pérez, E. E. Miró, C. Casado, B. Seoane, C. Téllez, J. Coronas (2012) “CuO and CuO-CeO2nanoparticle catalysts derived from HKUST-1 MOF for CO oxidation”, Chem. Eng. J., 195-196, 180-187 • J. Gascón, F. Kapteijn, B. Zornoza, V. Sebastián, C. Casado, J. Coronas, Practical Approach to Zeolitic Membranes and Coatings: State of the Art, Opportunities, Barriers, and Future Perspectives, Chemistry of Materials, 24(15) 2829-2844. • S. Castarlenas, P. Gorgojo, C. Casado, S. Masheshwari, M. Tsapatsis, C. Téllez, J. Coronas (2013) “Melt compounding of swollen titanosilicate JDF-L1 with polysulfone to obtain mixed matrix membranes for H2/CH4 separation”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 52, 1901-1907. • B. Zornoza, C. Casado-Coterillo, A. Navajas (2012) “Advances in hydrogen separation and purification with membranes”, in: Renewable Hydrogen Technologies: Production, Purification, Storage, Applications and Safety (Eds.: L.M. Gandia, G. Arzamendi and P.M. Diéguez), IN PRESS. Elsevier: Amsterdam

  23. 2.Research: MEMB • Contributionstoconferences • C. Casado-Coterillo, J. Albo, E. Santos, A. Irabien (2012) “Poly[VTBMA][Ac] basedmixedmatrixmembranefor CO2separationfrom a gas stream”, 12th International ConferenceonInorganicMembranes, 9-13 Julio, Enschede, TheNetherlands. Poster. Personal communication. • C. Casado-Coterillo, E. Santos Santamaria., J. Albo, A. Irabien, “Mixedmatrixmembranesfrompolymerizableionicliquids”, 20th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, CHISA 2012, 25-29thAugust, Prague, TcheckRepublic, Poster. • A. Sánchez, B. Murillo, V. Sebastián, V., C. Casado, P: López-Ram-de-Viu, C. Téllez, J. Coronas (2012) “Conversion of glucosetomethyllactatewith MCM-41 basedcatalysts”, 7th International ConferenceonEnvironmentalCatalysis, 2-6th September, Lyon, Francia. Poster. • B. Murillo, C. Rubio, C. Casado, C. Tellez, J. Coronas (2012) “Layeredtitanosilicates and MOFs as catalystsforglucoseconversiontolacticacidderivatives”, 7th International ConferenceonEnvironmentalCatalysis, 2-6thSeptember, Lyon, France. Poster. PapersubmittedtoMicropor. Mesopor. Mater. • C. Casado-Coterillo, L. Arce, J. Albo, A. Irabien, “Membranesfor CO2/N2separationbasedongreenchemistrycomponents: ETS-10, chitosan and ionicliquids”, 7thWorldConferenceon Chemical Engineering, 18-22thAugust, Seoul, South Korea. • Relatedprojects • Title: Synthesis, characterization and technological viability of new membranes for gas separation (RYC2011-08550) • Partners: MINECO - Ramón y Cajal Programme, Universidad de Cantabria • Duration, financialaid: fromJan 2012 tillDec 2014 • MainResearcher: Clara Casado Coterillo • Title: Nuevas membranas selectivas para la separación de CO2 (CTQ2012-31229) • Partners: TECNALIA, Universidad de Málaga, Universidad de Cantabria • Duration:fromJan 2013 tillDec 2014 • MainResearcher: Clara Casado Coterillo

  24. 2.Research: MEMB • Contributionstoconferences Albo J., Gómez L., Irabien A.Non-dispersive absorption of CO2 using membrane contactors and ionic liquids. International Symposium on Chemical Reaction Engineering (ISCRE22). 2012. Maastricht (The Netherlands). Poster communication • Related Projects: Title: Desarrollo de un proceso de captura y reciclado de CO2 (ENE2010-14828) Participant entities: Universidad de Cantabria, Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia Duration, since 01/2011 to 12/2013 Main researcher: Angel Irabien Gulias Title:Nuevas membranas selectivas para la separación de CO2 (CTQ2012-31229) Participant entities: TECNALIA, Universidad de Málaga, Universidad de Cantabria Duration, since 01/2013 to 12/2014 MainResearcher: Clara Casado Coterillo

  25. 2.Research: CO2 “Solubility of carbon dioxide in Magnetic ionic Liquids (MILs)”, Albo J., Santos E., Afonso C., Rosatella A., Irabien A., 2nd IMIL A Coruña (Spain), 20th-22nd July 2011. Oral presentation. “High CO2 solubility in task-specific ionic liquids containing the acetate anion”, Santos E., Albo J., Irabien A., ANQUE-ICCE 2012 Sevilla (Spain) 24th- 27thJune 2012. Oral presentation. “CO2 capture based on absorption/desorption with [Emim][Ac] ionic liquid”, Santos E., Albo J., Irabien A.,CHISA 2012 Prague (CzechRepublic),25th- 29thAugust 2012. Oral presentation. “Synthesis, characterization and potential applications of Magnetic Ionic Liquids (MILs)”, Santos E., Albo J., Daniel C.I., Portugal C.A.M., Afonso C.A.M.., Crespo J.G., Irabien A. ECCE9 2013TheHague (Netherlands),21st- 25thApril 2013. Oral presentation. • MainCongresses & Conferences: • RelatedProjects: • Title: Development of Novel Stimuli-Responsive Membranes Integrating Magnetic Ionic Liquids for Innovative SeparationProcesses (EUI2008-03857) MICINN (ERANET) • Partners: Universidad de Cantabria (UC), Universidade Nova de Lisboa (UNL), Universidade de Lisboa (UL) • Duration: 15/09/2009 to 31/12/2012 • Title: Desarrollo de un proceso de captura y reciclado de CO2 (ENE2010-14828) MICINN (Convocatoria de Plan Nacional (Energía) 2009) • Duration: 1/1/2011 to 31/12/2013

  26. 2.Research: CO2 • Communications: “Continuouselectrochemicalreductionforthevalorisation of CO2into formate: influence of variables usingtincathode” M. Alvarez-Guerra, A. Del Castillo, A. Irabien. ANQUE-ICCE 2012 Sevilla (Spain) 24th- 27thJune 2012. Oral presentation. • “CO2valorisation: comparing Sn and Pb cathodesforcontinuouselectrochemicalreduction of CO2to formate” . M. Alvarez-Guerra, A. Del Castillo, A. Irabien. CHISA 2012 Prague (CzechRepublic),25th- 29thAugust 2012. Oral presentation. • Relatedprojetc: • Title:Desarrollo de un proceso de captura y reciclado de CO2 (ENE2010-14828). • Partners: Universidad de Cantabria, Ministerio de Ciencia y Educación • Duration: since 01/01/2012 to 02/12/2013 • Main researcher: Angel Irabien Gulías

  27. 2.Research: CO2 • RelatedCongress: “CO2 valorization to carbonates: electrosynthesis of dimethyl carbonate from methanol in the presence of ionic liquid [bmim][Br]”, M.I. García-Herrero, M. Alvarez-Guerra, A. Irabien. WCCE9 2013, 9th WorldCongress of ChemicalEngineering. 18th-23rd August 2013, Seoul (Korea). Abstractsubmitted. • RelatedProjects: Title: Desarrollo de un proceso de captura y reciclado de CO2 (ENE2010-14828). Partners: Universidad de Cantabria, Ministerio de Ciencia y Educación Duration: since 01/01/2011 to 31/12/2013 Main researcher: Angel Irabien Gulias Type of participation: FPI fellowship

  28. SOSPROCAN PEOPLE

  29. DePRO group Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering ETSIIyT, Avda. los Castros s/n Santander, Cantabria. SPAIN E-mail: irabienj@unican.es «We know what we have to do to achieve the sustainability, now it’s time to do it »