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Women and Energy Durban, South Africa December 11-12,2000 Dominique Lallement, Manager Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme www.esmap.org. What is ESMAP?. A partnership between 15 donors and theWorld Bank/UNDP

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Women and Energy

Durban, South Africa

December 11-12,2000

Dominique Lallement, Manager

EnergySector Management Assistance Programme


What is esmap
What is ESMAP?

  • A partnership between 15 donors and theWorld Bank/UNDP

  • Provides innovative solutions to governments and private sector on energy services and policies

  • Focuses on pre-investment activities

  • Complements work of other development and private sector institutions

  • 80% (public) donor funded, 20% World Bank Group

Esmap s agenda energy solutions for poverty allevation and economic growth

Facilitate Access to Energy Services by the Unserved or Underserved

Promote Efficient Energy Markets

ESMAP’s Agenda:Energy Solutions for Poverty Allevation and Economic Growth

  • Ensure Environ-mentally Sustainable Energy Services

Link between Energy Vision and Poverty Alleviation Underserved

  • Poverty Alleviation

  • Expand economic opportunities through increases in productivity

  • Empower through access to communications and education services

  • Improve living conditions through illumination of homes, cleaner fuels for cooking and heating indoors, and reduced emissions outdoors

  • Energy Vision

  • Transition from traditional to modern energy

  • Efficient supply and use of energy

  • Environmentally sustainable supply and use of energy

  • Consumer choice of energy services and suppliers

  • Positive contribution to macro/fiscal stability

Bank’s Energy Strategy

WBG Strategy and Entry Point Underserved






Esmap activities
ESMAP UnderservedActivities

  • TA for Policy Formulation

  • Capacity Building

  • Base Line Data/methodologies on who are the energy poor, their needs, their coping mechanisms, the benefits from energy services…. All needed for policy formulation.

  • Pilot Projects

  • Knowledge DISSEMINATION: workshops, conferences, publications, www.esmap.org

World UnderservedBank Group Instruments

Investment lending

Adjustment lending

Emergency Recovery Loan (ERL)

Sector Adjustment Loan (SAD)

Rehabilitation Loan (RIL)

Structural Adjustment Loan (SAL)

Specific Investment Loan (SIL)

Financial Intermediary Loan (FIL)

Technical Assistance Loan (TAL)

Sector Investment and Maintenance Loan (SIM)

New products

IFC Instruments

Equity Participations



Adaptable Lending (AL)

Global Carbon Initiative (GCI)

Performance Loans (PL)

Learning & Innovation Loan (LIL)

Partnership for Renewable Energy

Debt Service Reduction

Guarantee Operations

Debt and Debt Service

Reduction Loan (DRL)

Expanded Co-financing loan (ECO)

The Challenge of Scaling up the Delivery of Sustainable & Genderized Energy Services


Local communities


Private Service Enterprises

Supply of Sustainable energy services

Various Institutions

Electrical and Gas Network

Efficient Markets

Financial Mechanisms


Off-grid Renewables

Petroleum products)



Customers Genderized Energy Services

Local Communities

Trade Associations/NGOs

Central Government



Women and Men

Municipal Governments

Regional Governments

Financial Intermediaries

Esmap s support to gender in energy
ESMAP’s Support to Gender In Energy Genderized Energy Services

  • 1980’s: Woodstove improvement projects

    1999-2001 Business Plan: approved Nov. 1999, included a proposal for a Gender Facility:

  • Studies and Policy Formulation: to document gender in energy issues: Vietnam, India, Yemen

  • Pilot Projects: to test new approaches to associate women with the solutions to energy use and services: Bangladesh, Latin America

  • Outreach and Dissemination Activities: to network with and capitalize on other gender in energy programs: workshops, conferences, publications.

Some early lessons from the portfolio
Some Early Lessons from the Portfolio... Genderized Energy Services

  • Tremendous potential for accelerating the delivery of energy services when both women and men are involved at community level

  • Entry for new energy enterprises still difficult, but new “business models” emerging: community-based enterprises, concessions

  • Major financing constraints: micro-credit for consumers and enterprises still limited; access; lending costs vs affordability; who are the micro-lenders?

  • Subsidies:level playing field

  • Guarantees for investors: need for innovation

New gender sensitive projects
New Gender Sensitive Projects Genderized Energy Services

  • Mongolia: Stove Improvement Project

  • Nicaragua: Improved Wood Stoves and health impact measurement

  • India: Indoor Air Pollution Reduction

  • Africa: Health Impact of Energy

  • Bangladesh and Thailand: Two-Stroke Engine Emission Reductions

Conclusion so far more than in the past but still a modest effort looking ahead
Conclusion: So far: More than in the Past, but still a modest effort. Looking Ahead...

  • Leadership Programs for Women in Energy

  • Replication of Projects for Women in energy services

  • Multisectoral Networking: Health, water, transport

  • New Partnerships: Winrock, Energia

  • ICT Publications…

  • Follow-up to Village Power Conference, including Gender and Energy Workshop