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The Rhetoric of Scamming: Ethos, Logos, and Pathos in my Inbox-. Teaching the art of selling snake oil A work in progress by Ralph Wahlstrom. an absurd but relevant anecdote. “ What did you do in school today?”. To: CEO/Owner.

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the rhetoric of scamming ethos logos and pathos in my inbox

The Rhetoric of Scamming: Ethos, Logos, and Pathos in my Inbox-

Teaching the art of selling snake oil

A work in progress by Ralph Wahlstrom

an absurd but relevant anecdote
an absurd but relevant anecdote

“What did you do

in school today?”

to ceo owner
To: CEO/Owner

“With regards to your trustworthiness and reliability, I decided to seek your assistance in transferring some money out of South Africa into your country for onward dispatch and investment.”

john worley ph d was
John Worley, Ph.D. was

“a man of integrity and honesty,

dedicated to helping others.”

by the end of 2003
By the end of 2003

John Worley, the “man of integrity and honesty,” had lied to his wife, borrowed thousands from a patient, cashed bad checks, plotted to avoid taxes, lied about having terminal cancer, posed as an aviation contractor, and agreed to bribe bank officials.

assistant u s attorney prosecuting the case
-Assistant U.S. Attorney prosecuting the case-

“There is only one story here, and that’s the story of John Worley’s greed” (Zuckoff, 8).

slide7

Fee Transfer Fraud

or

the Nigerian 419 scam

Named after the anti-fraud section of the Nigerian criminal code

what does this have to do with us
What does this have to do with us?

We and our students can learn much about persuasion from studying this phenomenon.

studying 419 scams helps us
Studying 419 scams helps us
  • demonstrate basic principles of persuasion
  • demonstrate the principles of effective advertising/propaganda
  • understand classical rhetorical appeals
  • encourage the development of critical thinking skills
  • capture students’ imaginations and interest
  • arm students against such threats
  • provide writing topics
  • improve student writing
how gullible can people be
How gullible can people be?
  • Foolish
  • gullible
  • Greedy

and

  • perhaps even a little stupid

Right?

slide12

God bless youMy name is Marinette Caberas, i have decided to donate what i have to the charitable organization through you, which is the sum of ($16,870) sixteen million eight hundred and seventy thousand dollars. You may be wondering why i chosen you. But someone has to be chosen. I was diagnosed of cancer since 2 years ago, immediately after the death of my husband, let me know urgently your acceptance to this fund into a good investment for the benefit of street children, open orphanage homes, schools, hospitals and helping widows contact me for more details to claim this money and provide those below information to me when replying.1 your full name ……………………….2 your nationality ………………………3 your age ………………………………4 your telephone number ………………Faithfully sister in Christ,Mrs.MarinetteCaberas

as a rule a persuasive argument has these characteristics
As a rule, a persuasive argument has these characteristics:
  • It must demonstrate an understanding of its audience
  • It must have an appearance of credibility
  • It must be timed appropriately
aristotle s appeals
Aristotle’s Appeals
  • Ethos
  • Pathos
  • logos
ethos
ethos

From: Capt.Jeffery Simpsons [usmc@irg.org]

Sent: Wednesday, January 09, 2008 7:55 PM

Subject: My Dear Friend (Treat As Urgent) Dear Friend, Greetings.Jeffery Simpson is my name,an American Soldier in the US Military serving in the 3rd Infantry Division,Patrols Tal Afar, in Iraq.

pathos
pathos

“I am Lady Morrison, i was diagnosed for cancer about 4 years ago perhaps. I am willing the sum of 20 million Great British Pounds to you for the good works of the lord and to help the less privileged through You,”

logos
logos

When on Special Patrol duties on the 24Th of April earlier this year we found $100m and 90m euros in 31 containers and this money had been hidden behind the false wall of a house searched by my unit based on prior information. You can go to this web link to read about events that took place here: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2988455.stm

slide18

Let’s take another look at Mrs. Caberas’ missive through Master Aristotle’s eyes:

God bless youMy name is Marinette Caberas, i have decided to donate what i have to the charitable organization through you, which is the sum of ($16,870) sixteen million eight hundred and seventy thousand dollars. You may be wondering why i chosen you. But someone has to be chosen. I was diagnosed of cancer since 2 years ago, immediately after the death of my husband, let me know urgently your acceptance to this fund into a good investment for the benefit of street children, open orphanage homes, schools, hospitals and helping widows contact me for more details to claim this money and provide those below information to me when replying.1 your full name ……………………….2 your nationality ………………………3 your age ………………………………4 your telephone number ………………Faithfully sister in Christ,Mrs.MarinetteCaberas

now let s look at the message from my three characteristics
Now let’s look at the message from my three characteristics:
  • It must demonstrate an understanding of its audience
  • It must have an appearance of credibility
  • It must be timed appropriately
slide20

Not EnoughI felt there had to be more convincing reasons for the apparent gullibility of normally intelligent, relatively cautious people.

I discovered Robert Cialdini’s

6 Weapons of Influence.

the buttons
The Buttons
  • reciprocation
  • commitment and consistency
  • social proof
  • liking
  • authority
  • scarcity
notice how we can link aristotle s rhetorical appeals to cialdini s weapons
Notice how we can link Aristotle’s rhetorical appeals to Cialdini’s “weapons”.
  • Reciprocation (ethos & logos)
  • commitment and consistency (ethos)
  • social proof (ethos, logos)
  • liking (ethos, pathos)
  • Authority (ethos, logos)
  • Scarcity (pathos)
slide23

Here are a couple assignments I created for a class of freshman in BSC101. The focus of the class was “Greed”

activity one
Activity One:

Describe three examples showing how each of these elements (logos, ethos, pathos) is used to appeal to an audience. They could be advertisements, television shows, political speeches, photographs, etc. Be specific. Cite the example and describe how one of the three appeals is used. Then cite the next example, and describe how it demonstrates a second appeal. Then do the third.

activity two
Activity Two

Read the following 419 email messages and analyze them briefly in writing. How do the writers use logos, ethos and pathos to attempt to persuade a reader? How effective would it be?

the rhetoric of scamming ethos logos and pathos in my inbox1

The Rhetoric of Scamming: Ethos, Logos, and Pathos in my Inbox-

Teaching the art of selling snake oil

And

The End