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  1. Defiantly By Mrs. Walny

  2. Defiantly • Part of Speech: Adverb • Definition: openly resisting, bold disobedience, in a rebellious manner

  3. Use in the Novel • Sentence from the novel: Cole Matthews defiantly knelt in the bow of the aluminum skiff as he faced forward in a cold September wind. • Why Ben Mikaelsen chose this word: This word captures Cole’s attitude at the beginning of the novel. Using the word defiantly in the first sentence of the novel immediately characterizes Cole as someone who breaks rules and disobeys authority.

  4. Original Sentence • Mrs. Wathen defiantly walked past the security guard at the school’s main entrance.

  5. Etymology • Comes from Middle English – denoting the renunciation of an alliance or friendship • Comes from Old French 1300 – defier (defy) "to challenge, defy, provoke; renounce (a belief), repudiate (a vow, etc.)," • Meaning in English shifted 14c. from "be disloyal" to "to challenge."

  6. Required Content • Difference between adverb and adjective. • An adverb modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Defiantly is an adverb because it is modifying the verb knelt – it describes how Cole is kneeling. Adverbs answer the question when, where, how, how long, why, to what extent. • An adjective modifies a noun or pronoun. The adjective form of this term is defiant. Cole has a defiant attitude. The word attitude is a noun, so the adjective defiant is used to describe it.

  7. Other uses of the word: • 1. U.S.S. Defiant – starship on the television show Star Trek. It is one of the most heavily armed warships in the quadrant.

  8. Other uses of the word: • 2. Defiant Comics – created when the founder couldn’t retain partial ownership of his previous company.

  9. Other uses of the word: 3. Defiant Tattoos – tattoo and body piercing studio in Minneapolis

  10. Other uses of the word: • 4. The Defiant Ones – a 1958 movie about two convicts who are chained together as they escape. One is black and one is white, and they have to learn to work together.

  11. Review • Defiantly means in rebellious manner • Adverb – use it with verbs, adjectives, adverbs • Used in novel to characterize Cole