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protect the environment

protect the environment

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protect the environment

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  1. protect the environment

  2. rotection The pictures tell us about environmental p____________. 宾语 The pictures tell us thatwe should protect the environment. 宾语 从句 It’s a good idea. 名词性从句 Noun clause 充当主语 subject “It” refers to…? Thatwe should protect the environment. Replace “it “! That we should protect the environment is a good idea. Develop it 形式主语 主语从句 It’s a good idea that we should protect the environment. The good idea is _____ we should protect the environment. that 同位语从句 表语从句 The idea ______ we should protect the environment is good. that

  3. *考点1.语序问题 • 1.No one can be sure ____ in a million years.(92) • what will man look like • B. what man will look like • C. man will look like what • D. what look will man like 2.You can’t imagine ____ when they received these nice Christmas presents.(96上海) A. how they were excited B. how excited they were C. how excited were they D. they were how excited 请你归纳: 名词性从句在句中要用____语气,从句的引导词必须始终置于______ 陈述 句首

  4. Let’s practice 1.Can you make sure __the gold ring? A.where Alice had put B. where had Alice put C. where Alice has put D. where has Alice has put 2.We asked the policeman____ ,but he remained silent. A.what was the matter B.what the matter was C.that was the matter D.which the matter was 注意What’s the matter What’s wrong What happened…. what 本身作主语 和引导词

  5. *考点2a)主语从句 中主谓一致 何时何地开会还没有决定. What we need now______( is / are ) more books. What we need now ____ ( is / are ) more practice. are Where and when the meeting will be held______ not been decided yet . is has is Eg What he bought yesterday _____coffee. What he bought yesterday _____three bags. was 那个人是何时被谋杀的和他为什么被谋杀还未知晓。 were When the person was murdered and why he was murdered______(is/are)still unknown. What 作主语,动词单复数看后面的名词 are 单个的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用_____形式。如果是两个或两个以上的主语从句作主语,谓语动词则用_____形式。 请你归纳: 单数 复数

  6. *考点2.b)时态一致性 1.Mother told me that she ___________ (show) me around her company the next Saturday. would show 2. Our physics teacher once told us that light __________ (travel )faster than sound. travels 3. Tom says that Mary ____ (go)abroad last yearand _________ (be) there for nearly 5 months. went has been 1)主句的动词用过去时, 从句谓语动词用过去的某种时态 从句谓语动词用一般现在时 2)从句表示客观事实,格言,谚语等 , 请你归纳: 3)主句的动词用一般现在时, 从句谓语可根据需要选用各种时态

  7. The manager came over and asked the customer how___ A. did the quarrel come out B.the quarrel had come out C. has the quarrel come out D.the quarrel has come out Let’s practice 1. He insisted that the patient ____ to hospital at once. A. be sent B. was sent C. should sent D. shall be 2.He insisted that the weather _______ clear up. A. would be B. be C. was D. will be We suggested that the meeting ___________ A.should put off put off C. was put off D.putting off The smile on his face suggested that he ______(was/be/is)satisfied with our work. was 宾语从句中的虚拟语气 ①表示建议、要求、命令等动词suggest、advise、propose、demand、require、insist .request、command、order后的从句谓语动词用 __________________________ 请你归类: (should) + do/be done **②注意suggest 当表示“暗示、表明“讲时,insist 表示 “坚持认为”之意时,主从句时态相应一致

  8. ***考点3 b)主语从句中的虚拟语气 1. Is it ordered that he _____ the examination? A. takes B. has to take C. must take D. take 2. It is strange that he _____ you this. A. would tell B. should tell C. had told D. has told • 基本句型:It is + 形容词、过去分词 + that ...+ (should) do • It is suggested, ordered, proposed, required, demanded, requested, insisted; • It is important, necessary, natural, desirable, strange, advisable, 请你归纳:

  9. ***考点3 b)表语和同位语从句中的虚拟语气 • Hissuggestion that you _____ once more sounds reasonable. A. try B. tries C. must try D. can try • The order given by the commander was that they _____ until the commander allowed they to. • A. stopped B. didn’t stop C. stop D. not stop 在 suggestion, proposal, idea, plan, order, advice 等名词后面的表语从句、同位语从句中要用虚拟语气,即________________________ 请你归纳: (should) + do/be done

  10. ***考点4 a). it作形式主语、形式宾语 找出下列句子中的错误 1. I think that worthwhile that we spent so much money on these books. 2. That is hard to decide when and where we will held our sports meeting. 3. Everybody considers it impossible which he wants to finish the job in such a short time. 4. It doesn’t matter that you will come or not. it It that whether 当主语从句较长,而谓语较短时,常常将从句______,而用it作为形式主语置于句首。形式宾语也只能用it。 请你归纳: 后置

  11. Let’s practice 1. The chairman thought ______ necessary to invite Professor Smith to speak at the meeting. A.that C.this D.him 2. I like______ in the autumn when the weather is clear and bright. (04全国I) A this B that C it D one 3. _____ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. (NMET1995) A. As B. This C. That D. It thought “6123结构” “6123结构”是指用不定式、动名词短语和that引导的从句作宾语,带名词或形容词作宾补时,使用it作形式宾语的复合宾语结构。 6:用于这种结构的个常用动词think , find , make ,feel, believe, consider.. 1:指形式宾语it; 2:指作宾补的名词、形容词; 3:指作宾语的不定式短语、动名词短语和that引导的宾语从句。  比较:______ is a fact, English is being accepted as an international language. A. As B. This C. That D. It

  12. ***考点5连接词 a) what / which No. 18 or No. 19 some book or other 请你归纳: 1. ---Do you know______Mr Black’s address is ? ---He may live at No. 18 or No. 19 of Bridge Street. I’m not sure of _________. 2. I read about it in some book or other, does it matter _______ it was? (01北京春季) what which which There are so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can’t make up my mind ____to buy.(94) A. what B. which C. how D. where many kinds of tape-recorders what 表什么(无选择范围) which表选择, 哪一个(有选择范围)

  13. **考点5连接词 b) whatever /whoever/ however/whomever/whichever/ … 无论,不管… No matter where no matter what ____________ you go and__________you do , I’ll be right here waiting for you. wherever whatever 把你需要的任何东西带走,别管我。 Take ____________________and leave me alone. 违反法律的任何人应受到惩罚。 ____________________ should be punished . whatever you need Whoever breaks the law ________等同类词既可以引导名词性从句, 也可以引导让步状语从句, 而 ____________等只能引导让步状语从句。 whatever Whatever等≥no matter what等 请你归纳: No matter what

  14. Let’s practice • 1. Could I speak to_____ is in charge of International Sales , please? (2007 山东卷) • A.anyone B.someone C.whoever matter who • 2.___ team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. (2006山东) • No matter what B. No matter which • C Whatever D. Whichever • 3. ____,mother will wait for him to have dinner together. • A. However late he is B. However he is late • C. No matter how late he is D. No matter how he is late • 4.Sarah hopes to become a friend of ____ shares her interests. • A. anyone  B. whomever • C. whoever D. no matter who E both C &D 救从不救主

  15. 主语,表语,同位语从句不能省 ***考点5.连接词 c).that/whether/what what • 1.____(What/That /whether)makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services.( 06辽宁) • 2.____ we can’t get seems better than ____ we have. • What; what B. what; that C. That; that D. That; what • 3._____made the school proud was more than 90% of the students had been admitted to key universities. • A.What…whether B.What…that • C.That…what D.That…because 1.Some researchers believe that there is no doubt _____ a cure for AIDS will be found. (05广东卷) 2. We doubt __________ he will defeat the others. 3.The problem is _______ we have enough time . 4.It doesn’t matter _______ you come or not 5.It all depends on_______the sky is going to clear up. A.if B. that C. / D. whether That I failed in the exam disappointed my parents. I don’t think that she is right. The news that our team won the match inspired us. The reason is that he is careless. that ( ) whether/if whether whether whether 1)主语从句 /表语从句 / 同位语从句/介词后用whether 2)Whether or not 连用 That表确定 whether表不确定 无 无 无 是否 1)that 与whether 的区别 whether 2)whether 和if的区别 主语, 宾语, 表语 缺少成分即主语,宾语,表语时用what 有 What与 that 的区别 what

  16. 高考链接 1.We haven’t settled the question of ______ it is necessary for him to study abroad. (2006江苏) A. if B. where C. whether D. that 2. Choosing the right dictionary depends on ______ you want to use it for. [2007 江苏卷] A. what B. why C. how D. whether 3. The traditional view is ____ we sleep because our brain is “programmed” to make us do so. (2007上海卷) A. when B. why C. whether D. that 3. A modern city has been set up in ______ was a wasteland ten years ago. (04天津) A. what B. which C. that D. where the place

  17. ***考点6 a)宾/主/表从句与定语从句的区别 I understand what you’re talking about.I understand the things that you’re talking about. What you’re talking about is true. The things that you’re talking about is true. which、that、who、whom、whose、as where、when、why That is what you’re talking about.That is the things that you’re talking about. 定语 定语从句的作用是作_____修饰主句的某个成分,与其对应的主句_______,定语从句的引导词为:关系代词;关系副词 在句子中起____作用的句子叫名词从句,与其对应的主句______,其引导词为:连接词,连接代词,连接副词 That, whether/if Which, what, whatever,who… Where, when, why, how, how much… 完整 请你归类: 名词 不完整

  18. 高考链接 1. You can only be sure of__ you have at present; you cannot be sure of something __ you might get in the future.(2007 安徽卷) A. that; what B. what; / C. which; that D. /; that 2. The reason ________ she gave for not being present was ________ the heavy snow prevented her coming. A. /; because B. why; because C. / ; that D. why; whether 3. Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer __ it was 20 years ago, ___ it was so poorly equipped. A. what; when B. that; which C. what; which D. which; that 做题顺序:“三看” 一看_____是否完整;二看_____是否完整;三看_____确定答案。 请你总结: 主句 从句 句意

  19. ***考点6 b)同位语从句与定语从句的区别 1. Danby left word with my secretary _________ he would call again in the afternoon. (2005浙江15) A.who B.that D.which 2. The plan ______ was come up with in the meeting was turned down finally. A. which B. that C. what D. / 3. The plan ____ the building will be built by the lake is turned down finally. A. which B. that C. what D. / 同位语从句前的名词是一个含有内涵的名词。从句就是其内容。that在从句中_______成分。而定语从句中一定缺某一个成分,引导词应该代替先行词在从句中____句子成分。 不充当 请你总结: 充当 做题顺序:“二看” 一看_____是否完整;二看_____确定答案。 从句 句意

  20. 名词性从句考点: *** 5. 连接词 that,what ,which , whether, if, who, whom,whose, whatever ,whichever,whoever ,whomever,whosever when, where, why, how … *1. 语序问题 *2.主谓一致性和时态一致性 *** 3. 名词性从句中的虚拟语气 *** 4. it 作形式主语,形式宾语的用法 **6 . 名词性从句与定语从句的对应关系和区别

  21. Have a try! The reason why they pollute the environment is that they want to make money. However, there’s no doubt that, unless dealt with immediately, the situation will become worse and worse. As a student, I will do whatever I can to protect the environment. It is very important that make people be aware of the importance of protecting the environment. It’s my hope that everyone takes part in the environmental protection, making it possible that our later generation can live happily in better environment. that that whatever that that that 人们破坏环境的原因是他们想赚钱。但是,毫无疑问的是,除非马上处理,否则情况会变得越来越糟糕。作为一个学生,我会做我能做的事情来保护环境。让人们意识到保护环境的重要性是相当有意义的。我希望所有的人们都能加入到环保中去,使我们的子孙生长在更好的环境中。