Warm-up page 137: • What caused the desperation in many countries and the rise of dictatorships? • What type of Government did both Hitler and Mussolini build? • WYMK • What was the stance of the America First Committee? • What were the causes of WWII? • What is appeasement?
U.S POLICYISOLATIONIST – a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs.America First Committee – Staunchly isolationist group opposed to any American intervention or aid to the allies.
CAUSES OF WWII19351. Hitler begins to defy Treaty of Versailles (1935)
CAUSES OF WWII19372. Hitler unites German Speaking Nations (Austrian Anschluss) - Unification of Austria and Germany
CAUSES OF WWII19383. Munich Conference - France and England give in to Germany’s demands or Appeasement
Appeasement • Repeated attempts to give aggressive nations what they want in the hopes that they will be content and stop their aggression.
Appeasement • Hitler takes advantage of appeasement and takes over • Austria • Czechoslovakia
Warsaw, Poland, September 1939. • German forces in the outskirts of Warsaw. In the background of the photograph, the city burns as a result of the German military assault.
German troops parade through Warsaw after the surrender of Poland. Warsaw, Poland, September 28-30, 1939.
Warsaw, Poland, October 5, 1939. • Adolph Hitler (lower right) gives Nazi salute as he reviews victorious German troops.
Mid-September • In Mid September 1939 the USSR invaded Poland as well
Poland • September 1, 1939 • Poland overrun in less than 30 days
Non Aggression Treaty • Treaty between Germany and the USSR • August 23, 1939 • Both sides agree not to attack each other