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Visual-Spatial Learners. What does it mean to be gifted in nonverbal reasoning?. What is Nonverbal Reasoning?. Ability in spatial and abstract thinking Ability to solve problems using shapes and figures

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Visual-Spatial Learners

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visual spatial learners

Visual-Spatial Learners

What does it mean to be

gifted in nonverbal reasoning?

what is nonverbal reasoning
What is Nonverbal Reasoning?
  • Ability in spatial and abstract thinking
  • Ability to solve problems using shapes

and figures

Items on these subtests of the Cognitive Abilities Test involve neither words nor numbers.

learning styles1
Learning Styles
  • There are two main ways people learn
    • Visual-spatial learners think in pictures rather

than words. They have a different brain organization than auditory-sequential learners. They learn better visually than auditorally.

    • Auditory-sequential learners think in words.

They learn better by hearing information and following a logical sequence.

auditory sequential visual spatial
  • Thinks primarily in words
  • Has auditory strengths
  • Step-by-step learner
  • Usually has good organization
  • Can show steps of work easily
  • Progresses from easy to difficult material
  • Relates well to time
  • Learns by trial and error
  • Thinks primarily in pictures
  • Has visual strengths
  • Whole-to-part learner
  • Creates unique methods of organization
  • Arrives at correct solutions intuitively
  • Gets difficult concepts, often struggles with easy
  • Relates well to space
  • Learns concepts all at once
auditory sequential visual spatial1
  • Does well with geometry
  • Good at math
  • reasoning
  • Synthesis
  • Sight words
  • Prefers keyboarding to
  • writing
  • Does well with algebra
  • Good at math


  • Analysis
  • Phonics
  • Can write quickly and


the visual spatial learner
The Visual-Spatial Learner
  • Sees how things exist in space
  • Sees how parts go together to make a whole
  • Develops asynchronously (unevenly)
  • Is a late bloomer
  • Loses track of time
  • May struggle with public


the visual spatial learner1
The Visual-Spatial Learner
  • When the light bulb goes on, the learning

is usually permanent.

gifted in nonverbal reasoning
Gifted in Nonverbal Reasoning
  • How do we know this?
    • Your child scored at or above the 97th percentile

on the subtest of the Cognitive Abilities Test

(or other state-approved assessment)

that measures nonverbal reasoning.

gifted in nonverbal reasoning1
Gifted in Nonverbal Reasoning
  • What does this mean?
    • Your child is very good at reasoning with spatial stimuli or particularly adept at solving novel problems.
gifted in nonverbal reasoning2
Gifted in Nonverbal Reasoning

Spatially gifted students have the ability to draw conclusions based on a set of given information. They often learn by thinking or “seeing through their mind’s eye”

instead of listening verbally.

gifted in nonverbal reasoning3
Gifted in Nonverbal Reasoning

Puzzles, manipulative games, pattern, and building/creating things come easily for kids who are gifted in this area. They can “see” how things go together and are able to “see” what is missing.

Their thinking is often in the

form of patterns or pictures.

what are the implications for learning and school success1
What Are the Implications for Learning and School Success?
  • Traditionally, instruction in schools has tended to be geared to the auditory-sequential style of learning.
what are the implications for learning and school success2
What Are the Implications for Learning and School Success?
  • Students with strong spatial skills often experience difficulties in school.

They may have difficulty in verbal fluency

(as when writing under time pressure or

speaking extemporaneously)

or difficulties in remembering

sequences of words or letters

(as in spelling).

brain based research
Brain-Based Research

Teachers are now much more

aware of brain-based research.

We know that the left side of the

brain is responsible for language,

for breaking words and thoughts

apart, and for details.

brain based research1
Brain-Based Research

The right side of the brain is responsible for feeling and rhythm, for blending words and thoughts, and for getting the big picture.

teaching strategies
Teaching Strategies
  • Teachers in Kyrene are provided ongoing training on strategies by which they can tap into the exceptional abilities of students who are identified as gifted in nonverbal reasoning.
  • Teachers of the gifted at each school are a resource to regular classroom teachers to advise them on those particular teaching strategies that tend to be the most successful with students who are gifted in nonverbal reasoning.
teaching strategies1
Teaching Strategies
  • What are some of these?
    • Visual directions
    • Models, charts, tables, graphs, pictures
    • Hands-on learning experiences
    • Visualization techniques
    • Whole-to-part approach
    • Use of color
    • Organization strategies
    • Computers and other technology
    • Use of context clues
    • Timing strategies
    • Wait time
    • Questioning techniques
    • Disciplining strategies
what are kyrene s services for students gifted in nonverbal reasoning
What Are Kyrene’s Servicesfor Students Gifted in Nonverbal Reasoning?
  • Spatial reasoning is not a subject area—like language arts, math, or science.
  • It is a learning modality, a way that people learn.
what are kyrene s services for students gifted in nonverbal reasoning1
What Are Kyrene’s Servicesfor Students Gifted in Nonverbal Reasoning?
  • Our district’s thinking is that the best way for Kyrene to provide services to students who are gifted in nonverbal reasoning is to provide consultation and assistance to their teachers on ways to tap into this learning style in order to maximize students’ learning in all content areas.
  • Teachers of the gifted at each site are provided with consultative time to work with classroom teachers in developing instructional strategies which accomplish this.

The classroom teacher collaborates with the gifted resource (g.r.) teacher to identify strengths, objectives, methods and materials that would optimize learning for the student.

differentiatied learning plan dlp
Differentiatied Learning Plan (DLP)
  • At the beginning of each school year, an Differentiated Learning Plan (DLP)is written for every student in grades K-5 identified as gifted in nonverbal reasoning who does not receive direct instruction from the gifted teacher.
  • The DLP is developed collaboratively by the classroom teacher together with the gifted resource teacher at the school. It lists instructional strategies for the teacher to use in meeting the needs of the student.
  • The DLP’s are shared with parents.
what can parents do
What Can Parents Do?

Provide Support

  • Become informed about visual-spatial learners
  • Assist your child with organization
  • Help child record, complete, and

turn in homework assignments

  • Maintain positive communication

with your child’s teachers

what can parents do1
What Can Parents Do?

Provide Opportunities

  • Art museums
  • Science museums
  • Hands-on experiences
  • Classes (e.g., drawing, art, computer)
  • Clubs (e.g., chess, Lego, Odyssey of the Mind, robotics)
  • Time to explore, draw, build, take things apart, invent
  • Toys, games, puzzles
  • Websites
some commercial materials for the visual spatial learner
Some Commercial Materialsfor the Visual-Spatial Learner
  • puzzles
  • Pentominoes
  • Tangrams
  • Pythagoras
  • 3-D Tic-tac-toe
  • 3-D Scrabble
  • D-Stix
  • Mira
  • Pattern Blocks
  • Soma Blocks
  • Tessellations
  • Perceptual Puzzle Blocks
  • Triominos
  • Attribute Dominoes
  • Attribute Logic
  • Crazy Quilt
  • Drive Ya Nuts
  • Globe
  • Maps
  • Take 5
  • Square Up
  • Logic Links
  • Noodlers
  • Connect 4
  • Hexed
  • Rack-O
  • Master Mind
  • Simon
  • Battleship
  • Set
  • Chess
  • Checkers
  • any skill card game
  • Bridge
  • Canasta
  • Hearts
  • many Discovery Toys
  • any construction material
  • Erector sets
  • K’Nex
  • Capsela
  • Legos
for more information
For More Information…
  • Books
    • Upside-Down Brilliance: The Visual-Spatial Learnerby Linda Kreger Silverman, Ph.D.
    • Visual-Spatial Learners by Alexandra Shires Golon
  • Websites