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AUDITING ISO 14001. Siarhei Darozhka Belarusan National Technical University, Minsk Lead Environmental Auditor Borki-Molo, BUP EM Course Teachers Conference, 29.06.2006. ISO 14001 – Standard of the Environmental Management. Based on Deming's management cycle

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auditing iso 14001


Siarhei Darozhka

Belarusan National Technical University, Minsk

Lead Environmental Auditor

Borki-Molo, BUP EM Course Teachers Conference,


iso 14001 standard of the environmental management
ISO 14001 – Standard of the Environmental Management
  • Based on Deming's management cycle
  • Origin: British standard BS 7750
  • The international applied standard
  • ISO 14001 – only standard is audited
  • ISO 14001 development – versions1996/2004
  • Connected with other ISO 14000 group standards
which issues must be audited
Which issues must be audited?
  • All standard requirements (17 clauses)
  • Scope of audit (site location and full/separate processes)

All types of organizations can be audited

Discussed issue: Integration with ISO 9001 and ISO 18001

schedule of auditing
Schedule of Auditing

Certification audit process:

- the period of certificate validity - 3 years

- surveillance audit must be done every year

- corrective actions request

- reporting (incl. non-conformances, opportunities for improvement, observation, repeat findings)

Certification can be done by accredited body and must be registered (e.g. DAR, UKAS…)

internal audit
Internal Audit
  • Required by ISO 14001:2004 standard (4.5.5)
  • Done by internal qualificated group or contractual organisation
  • Evaluation of compliance with legislation and standard requirements
  • Corrective actions requests
  • Reporting to top-management
points to pay attention
Points to Pay Attention
  • Compliance with legislation (confirmation of legal status of activity – e.g. having positive conclusion of environmental expertise)
  • Confirmation of wide implementation of Pollution Prevention principle
  • Having real positive results from EMS – Continual Improvement
how to indicate improvement
How to indicate improvement?
  • Environmental Performance Indicators (water, energy consumption, emissions to the air, discharged water conditions, etc.)
  • IMPORTANT: Organisation must establish its own list of indicators and quantitive levels for them for demonstration compliance with improvement
example the coca cola environmental key performance indicators kpi s
Example: The Coca-Cola Environmental Key Performance Indicators (KPI’s)
  • Materials (sugar, metal, paper, cardboard, wood, ton/unit)
  • Energy – direct and indirect (electricity, fuel, natural gas, MJ/unit)
  • Water (used, recycled, liters/unit)
  • Emissions, effluents and waste
  • Compliance (incident and fines, cases)
  • Transport (fuel consumption, l/unit)
the main issues during auditing process
The Main Issues During Auditing Process
  • Environmental Policy
  • Compliance with legislation (Laws) and evaluation of compliance (incl. own requirements)
  • Correct recognizing of environmental aspects and its significance
  • Establishing objectives, targets and environmentalprogrammes based on significant aspects
  • EMS documentation, work documentation, operational procedures
  • Emergency situations preparedness
  • Internal audit, preventive and corrective actions
  • Management review
some auditing methods
Some auditing methods
  • Plant tour
  • Observation and evaluation of existing environmental performance
  • Interviewing (studying of practice and mindset)
  • Documentation revision (clarifying of common understanding of procedures)
  • Job records
  • Questionnaires, matrix
example coca cola bottlers audit questionnaire
Example: Coca-Cola Bottlers audit questionnaire

TCCQS Ev 3 - The Environmental Management System Requirements – Global Audit Program

3.2 Management Responsibility

some requirements for auditors
Some requirements for Auditors
  • Audits must be done by qualificated group of auditors (in the field of audit)
  • Professionally (knowledge and skills in the branch)
  • Correctly (auditor – auditee relations)
  • Ability to achieve the aims of audit

Remember: Our students are going to get both position – as auditor or as auditee