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Lecture No 21 Public Policy Extended Definitions & Concepts. Fields Associated To It (edu.policy development policy). Values. Public Policy…defined. Locations. COMPLEX AND BROAD CONCEPT. Social Context. Political Perspectives. Needs. Policy.
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leads to positive or negative impact
dasar pembangunan sosial yang berteraskan nilai-nilai murni dan peningkatan keupayaan insan bagi mencapai kesepaduan dan kestabilan sosial, ketahanan nasional dan kesejahteraan hidup masyarakat Malaysia yang maju serta mantap.
Mewujudkan sebuah masyarakat Malaysia yang maju dan mantap dengan setiap anggota masyarakat berpeluang untuk memperkembangkan potensi diri secara optimum di dalam persekitaran sosial yang sihat berdasarkan ciri-ciri bersatu padu, berdaya tahan, demokratik, bermoral, bertoleransi, progresif, penyayang, adil dan saksama selaras dengan matlamat wawasan 2020.
Policy is made in the name of public.
Policy is made or initiated by government.
Policy is interpreted and implemented by public and private actors.
Policy is what the government intends to do.
Policy is what the government chooses not to do
- What is to be achieved by the policy in the long term.
- Actions taken to achieve the targeted goal/goals of the policy. Includes plans, programs and strategies.
RANGE OF CHOICES
Source: Adapted from Haddad.(1995). Educational Policy-planning Process
Factors influencing the scope of policy
As the scope of policy grows wider:
more difficulty in identifying the real problem
more political involvement
more involvement of interest groups
more systematic analysis
Q: How and through what means women’s potential and resources could be integrated into the developmental sectors?
A: -Reinforcement of Women Affairs Unit (training and educational programs, to get NGOs and voluntary bodies involvement in giving financial, technical and moral support)
Q: How to integrate women in all developmental
A: In accordance to women’s capability and will
to ensure better quality of life, eradication of
poverty, elimination of ignorance and illiteracy
as well as keeping the nation in harmony and
Form a group and discuss an informal
Their actions and involvement
could create a huge impact at all policy levels, if they are very influential…..