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Forest Certification in Zambia. Felix C. Njovu Forest Economist. Copperbelt University. Kitwe, Zambia. Location of Zambia. Brief about Zambia. Attained independence - 1964 Land area - 752,612 sq.km. Forest area - 55 to 60% Population (2000) - 10 million 42% urban and 58% rural

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Forest certification in zambia l.jpg

Forest Certification in Zambia

Felix C. Njovu

Forest Economist.

Copperbelt University. Kitwe, Zambia.



Brief about zambia l.jpg
Brief about Zambia

  • Attained independence - 1964

  • Land area - 752,612 sq.km.

  • Forest area - 55 to 60%

  • Population (2000) - 10 million

  • 42% urban and 58% rural

  • Population below 16yrs - 40%


Mission of the forest sector in zambia l.jpg
Mission of the forest sector in Zambia

“To enhance qualitative and quantitative contribution of the nation’s forest resources to forest sector and national development”



Major land uses l.jpg

Land use

Area (‘000ha)

%

Forests and woodlands

46394

61.7

Forest Reserves[1]

7437

(9.9)

National parks

6535

(8.7)

Other woodland

32603

(43.3)

Swamps and grasslands

7400

9.8

Agricultural and municipalities

20526

27.3

Water (rivers, lakes, and dams)

930

1.2

Total area

75250

100.0

Major land uses

[1]Forest plantations constitute 0.75% of the forest reserves.


Forests in zambia l.jpg

Forest type

Percentage of total forest area

Closed Forests

8.2

Dry (evergreen & deciduous)

7.7

Swamp and riparian

0.5

Open Forests

87.4

Miombo

58.3

Kalahari

15.8

Mopane

7.2

Munga (acacia)

6.1

Other

4.4

Termitaria etc

4.4

Total

100.0

100.0

Forests in Zambia


Value of exported forest products 2001 l.jpg

Importer

Value (US$)

Proportion of total FAO (%)

Tanzania

7

0.7

Norway

12

1.3

UK

16

1.7

Sudan

19

2.0

Italy

27

2.9

Egypt

32

3.4

Malawi

63

6.7

Congo (DR)

94

10.1

Zimbabwe

300

32.1

USA

662

70.8

Value of exported forest products (2001)




Local factors pushing certification l.jpg
Local factors pushing certification

  • Decline in economic activity.

  • Political change – shift from socialist to market economy.

  • Liberalization of the economy to allow for private sector participation.


International factors pushing certification l.jpg
International factors pushing certification

  • Environmental awareness (causes of global warming).

  • The Rio earth summit.

  • Increase in interest in natural rather than artificial products.


Expectations l.jpg
Expectations

  • Access to export markets

  • Higher prices for forest products

  • Increase income for local communities

  • Better management of forest resources

  • Higher forest productivity


Situation on the ground l.jpg
Situation on the ground

  • Most forest users (harvesters) have become more aware of need for sustainable management of forest resource.

  • There is increased interest in certification.

  • Certified companies have adopted better management schemes.

  • Uncertified forest users are also working towards sustainable management.

  • Period has been too short for noticeable ecological benefits.


Challenges and road blocks l.jpg
Challenges and road blocks

  • Nature of Zambian forest products

  • Low local value of forest products

  • Low quality of Zambian forest products

  • Requirements for certification

  • Lack of local certifier or agents

  • Cost of certification and inspections

  • Land tenure/forest ownership


Effects of certification l.jpg
Effects of certification

  • Power – No change

  • Social – Not much change except the restriction of rights of people living around certified areas.

  • Economic – Enlarged market

  • Environmental – Better managed forest areas but too soon to notice impact


Future prospects l.jpg
Futureprospects

  • The uncertainties about the cost and the expected benefits of certification are slowly being cleared and the interest to actually get certified has risen. It is expected that more certifications will follow soon. This is because:-

  • The adoption of a forest policy that encourages joint forest management (Corroborative management).

  • The economic success of the certified companies.

  • Expected environmental benefits.