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VICTIM ADVOCACY 101. Defining Roles and Responsibilities Yvette Roszell Southern Regional Children’s Advocacy Center. Children’s Advocacy Centers are:. Facility based programs which provide comprehensive , multidisciplinary services to children suspected of having been abused,

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victim advocacy 101

VICTIM ADVOCACY 101

Defining Roles and Responsibilities

Yvette Roszell

Southern Regional Children’s Advocacy Center

children s advocacy centers are
Children’s Advocacy Centers are:

Facility based programs which provide

comprehensive, multidisciplinary services to

children suspected of having been abused,

particularly sexually abused.

children s advocacy centers
Children’s Advocacy Centers
  • Reduce trauma to children
  • Improve the flow of information
  • Hold offenders accountable
  • Reduce burn-out
slide6
The Model

Law

Enforcement

Child Protection

Forensic

Interviewer

Prosecution

Mission

Purpose

Medical

CAC

Victim Advocacy

Mental Health

organizational history
ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

1985 – First CAC – National Children’s Advocacy Center (NCAC), Huntsville, AL

1987 – National Children’s Alliance (NCA) founded (Originally known as the National Network of CAC’s)

1995 – Regional Children’s Advocacy Centers established by US Department of Justice

regional children s advocacy centers
Regional Children’s Advocacy Centers

RCACs are training and technical assistance resource centers for communities establishing or strengthening a CAC and are funded by the U.S. Department of Justice, OJJDP.

The four RCACs are assigned to specific geographic areas and work in partnership with NCA to further the development and growth of strong CACs across the country.

slide9
Southern RCAC

210 Pratt Avenue NE

Huntsville, AL 35801

256-327-3752

Cym Doggett, Project Director

Northeast RCAC

4 Terry Drive, Suite 16

Newton, PA 18940

Anne Lynn, Project Director

(215)-860-3111

state chapter organizations
State Chapter Organizations

Legislative issues

Distribution of state funds

Training

Technical Assistance

Support

Development

national children s alliance
NATIONAL CHILDREN’S ALLIANCE

National membership and accrediting organization for Children’s Advocacy Centers.

Mission: to promote and support communities in providing a coordinated investigation and comprehensive response to child victims of abuse.

Awarded 8.7 million in grants during 2009.

11

slide12
Legislation/Dist. Funds/Development

Training/Technical Assistance

Accreditation/Standards/Administer Grants

Training & Technical Assistance

National Children’s Advocacy Center

Collaborations

R Us

slide14
The ACE Study (Adverse Childhood Experience), conducted in 1998 , revealed a direct correlation between childhood trauma and the leading causes of death in adults.
accreditation standards
Accreditation Standards
  • Multidisciplinary Team
  • Cultural Competency and Diversity
  • Forensic Interviews
  • Victim Support and Advocacy
  • Medical Evaluation
  • Mental Health
  • Case Review
  • Case Tracking
  • Organizational Capacity
  • Child Focused Setting
nca standard for victim advocacy
NCA Standard for Victim Advocacy

Victim support and advocacy services are routinely made available to all CAC clients and their non-offending family members as part of the multidisciplinary team response.

essential component
Essential Component

Crisis intervention and ongoing support services are routinely available for children and their non-offending family members on-site or through linkage agreements with other appropriate agencies or providers.

essential component1
Essential Component

Education regarding the dynamics of abuse, the coordinated multidisciplinary response, treatment, and access to services is routinely available for children and their non-offending family members.

essential component2
Essential Component

Information regarding the rights of crime victims is routinely available to children and their non-offending family members and is consistent with legal, ethical and professional standards of practice.

essential component3
Essential Component

The CAC/MDT’s written documents include availability of victim support and advocacy services for all CAC clients.

rated criteria
Rated Criteria

A designated, trained individual(s) provides comprehensive, coordinated victim support and advocacy services including, but not limited to:

  • Information regarding dynamics of abuse & the MDT response, etc.
  • Updates on case status
  • Assistance in accessing/obtaining victims rights as outlined by law
  • Court education, support and accompaniment
  • Assistance with access to treatment and other services such as protective orders, housing, public assistance, domestic violence intervention and transportation.
rated criteria1
Rated Criteria

Procedures are in place to provide initial and on-going support and advocacy with the child and/or non-offending family members.

some issues with victim advocate role and responsibilities
Some Issues with Victim Advocate Role and Responsibilities
  • Role of the Victim Advocate not Clearly Defined
  • Role of the Victim Advocate Varies Widely
  • Victim Advocacy Services are Delivered in Multiple Ways
  • Qualifications of Victim Advocate Vary Widely
  • Role of Victim Advocate Accepted Differently within Different CAC’s and MDT’s
how to get a grip
How to Get a Grip?!

How do we get a handle on what are the essential roles and responsibilities of a Victim Advocate?

Roles of other team members are pretty clear…..Medical, Mental Health, Child Protection Service, Law Enforcement, Prosecutor, Forensic Interviewer, CAC, etc.

focus group
Focus Group

Focus group held in Huntsville, October, 2009

Participants were chosen based upon their history of providing advocacy services within a CAC setting

Group was diverse in experience and geographic location (urban vs. rural, etc.)

goals of focus group
Goals of Focus Group
  • Identify Roles and Responsibilities of the Victim Advocate Position
  • Identify Barriers to Providing Victim Advocacy Services
  • Identify Qualities Needed in a Victim Advocate and What Type of Training Would Offer Support
identifying roles responsibilities
Identifying Roles & Responsibilities
  • Sharing & Brainstorming Responsibilities Associated with Position
  • Divided Into:
    • Pre Interview/Intake
    • Interview/Medical
    • Follow Up
    • MDT Case Review/Case Decision Making
    • Court
    • Ongoing/Continuous Services
  • Rated Each Responsibility According to Importance
  • Came to an Agreement on Essential Responsibilities
pre interview intake roles and responsibilities
Pre-Interview/IntakeRoles and Responsibilities
  • GREET CHILD AT THE DOOR – FIRST CONTACT
  • BUILD RAPPORT WITH FAMILY
  • ORIENT FAMILY TO THE CAC AND WHAT ROLE THE CAC PLAYS ALONG WITH THE MDT PROCESS
  • COMPLETE INTAKE FORMS WITH PARENT
  • ENSURE PARENT SIGNS ALL NECESSARY RELEASE FORMS (ALLOWING VICTIM ADVOCATE TO TALK WITH THERAPIST, ETC.)
  • PROVIDE AND REVIEW INFORMATION PACKET WITH PARENT
pre interview intake roles and responsibilities1
Pre-Interview/IntakeRoles and Responsibilities
  • ASSESS FOR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ISSUES
  • SUBSTANCE ABUSE SCREENING/EVALUATION
  • GATHER PSYCHO-SOCIAL INFORMATION, DEMOGRAPHICS, ETC.
  • CONDUCT A NEEDS ASSESSMENT FOR BOTH THE CHILD AND THE PARENT AND MAKE REFERRALS AS NECESSARY
  • CRISIS INTERVENTION
  • PRE-INTERVIEW “STAFFING”
  • COMMUNICATE WITH THE FORENSIC INTERVIEWER REGARDING ANY ALARMING BEHAVIOR, INFORMATION OR “COACHING” THAT MAY BE TAKING PLACE
interview medical roles and responsibilities
Interview/MedicalRoles and Responsibilities
  • SIT WITH PARENT DURING INTERVIEW/EXAM
  • OBSERVE THE FORENSIC INTERVIEW
  • OBSERVE PARENT’S INTERACTION
  • EDUCATE/INFORM PARENTS ABOUT THE NATURE OF THE INTERVIEW/MEDICAL EXAM
follow up roles and responsibilities
Follow Up Roles and Responsibilities
  • PROVIDE SNACK & DRINK, ALONG WITH ITEM OF COMFORT SUCH AS A TEDDY BEAR (post interview)
  • DEVELOP CASE/SERVICE PLAN WITH FAMILY
  • LOCATE AND ACCESS MEDICAL SERVICES
  • REFER CHILD AND PARENT TO MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
  • ASSIST THE MDT IN GATHERING INFORMATION
  • MAINTAIN CONSISTENT COMMUNICATION WITH THE FAMILY ON A REGULARY SCHEDULED BASIS (ONCE PER WEEK FOR FIRST SIX WEEKS, THEN ONCE PER MONTH FOR AS LONG AS NEEDED
  • ASSIST IN COMPLETING PAPERWORK FOR VICTIM COMPENSATION, MEDICAID, ETC.
follow up roles and responsibilities1
Follow Up Roles and Responsibilities
  • MAINTAIN CONTACT WITH MDT (OTHER AGENCIES) TO SOLICIT SYSTEM INFORMATION TO PASS ALONG TO THE FAMILY, AND TO ENTER INTO THE DATABASE.
  • SERVE AS A LIAISON BETWEEN INVESTIGATIVE AGENCIES AND FAMILY
  • MAKE REFERRALS TO ANCELLORY RESOURCES (FOOD, SHELTER, DIAPERS, ETC.)
  • WORK WITH IMMIGRATION IF APPLICABLE
  • MAKE REPORT TO CHILD PROTECTIVE SERVICES AS NECESSARY (NOC & DRUGS, ETC.)
mdt case review case decision making roles and responsibilities
MDT Case ReviewCase Decision Making Roles and Responsibilities
  • ATTEND CASE REVIEW
  • REPORT TO MDT HOW CHILD DID BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER THE INTERVIEW
  • REPORT TO MDT HOW THE FAMILY IS RESPONDING TO THE CASE MANAGEMENT PLAN, ALONG WITH RELEVANT INTERACTION BETWEEN CHILD AND PARENT, INCLUDE FAMILY DYNAMICS (DEATH IN FAMILY, ETC.) AND ANY OUTSIDE INFORMATION THAT COULD HELP WITH THE CASE
  • IN ADDITION TO CASE REVIEW, ATTEND “ADVOCACY STAFFINGS” AND UPDATE THERAPIST
case closed roles and responsibilities
Case Closed Roles and Responsibilities
  • REVIEW/REINFORCE SAFETY PLAN
  • PROVIDE ONGOING SUPPORT AS NECESSARY THROUGH REFERRALS OR ON SITE AT THE CENTER
court roles and responsibilities
Court Roles and Responsibilities
  • COURT PREPARATION/ COURT SCHOOL
  • COURT ACCOMPANYMENT
ongoing continuous services roles and responsibilities
Ongoing/Continuous Services Roles and Responsibilities
  • CRISIS INTERVENTION
  • CASE TRACKING/DOCUMENTATION
  • CASE COORDINATOR/CHILD ADVOCATE/CASE REVIEW/SUPERVISION
  • MAINTAIN CLIENT CASE REVIEW SPREAD SHEET (INTERVIEW DATE, BASIC DETAILS, ETC.)
  • PEER REVIEW
contact information
Contact Information

Southern Regional CAC

Yvette Roszell, Outreach Coordinator

800-747-8122

[email protected]

www.srcac.org

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