Modern/Contemporary period in British literature(1901-Present) Ashley Jennings Jonathan Peraza Whitney Barnes Jannis Willingham
Modern • Content -lonely individual fighting to find peace and comfort in a world that has lost its absolute values and traditions -man is nothing except what he makes himself -a belief in situational ethics, no absolute values. Decisions are based on the situation one is involved in at the moment -mixing of fantasy with nonfiction ; blurs lines of reality for reader -loss of hero in literature -destruction made possible by technology • Genres/Styles -poetry: free verse -epiphanies begin to appear in literature -speeches -memoir -novels
James Joyce James Joyce was born February 2,1882 in Rathgar, Ireland. He died at the age of fifty-eight. He wrote Araby, Ulysses, A Portrait of The Artist as a Young Men, Dubliners, chamber Music, Exiles, and Finnegan’s Wake. He always wrote his stories about Dublin and his life there.He choose to tell the truth about what was happening in Dublin.
http://fiction.eserver.org/short/araby.html Part of…Araby James Joyce Her name sprang to my lips at moments in strange prayers and praises which I myself did not understand. My eyes were often full of tears (I could not tell why) and at times a flood from my heart seemed to pour itself out into my bosom. I thought little of the future. I did not know whether I would ever speak to her or not or, if I spoke to her, how I could tell her of my confused adoration Willem Paerels (1878-1962) A view of the Amsterdam Harbor
Literary connection to Britain Araby is about a young boy growing up on North Richmond street in Dublin, Ireland. This story is based on the light hearted, innocent love that a young boy shares for his best friends sister. Unfortunately, the main character is left heartbroken and without hope by the end of the book, as he realizes he’ll never get the girl of his dreams. That same feeling was shared throughout Britain during the time this story was published (1914).
William Butler Yeats William Butler Yeats was born in Dublin Ireland in 1865. His father, John Butler Yeats, was a well known portrait painter. He was a romantic dreamer evoking the mythic and heroic past of Ireland. In 1889 he published “The Wanderings of Oisin” and other poems. During 1922-1928 Butler served as senator of the new Irish free state. His poem “Easter” (1916) reflected the unsuccessful revolt of the Irish Nationalists against British government. The Abbey Theatre played two of his plays in 1904. In 1914 he published a volume of poetry titled Responsibilities. Butler loved one specific lady, Maud Gonne. The only problem was she didn’t feel the same and rejected him. While trying to get her love he wrote “The Wild Swans at Coole”.
Part of..Easter William Butler Yeats http://www.famouspoetsandpoems.com/poets/william_butler_yeats/poems/10197 That woman's days were spentIn ignorant good-will,Her nights in argumentUntil her voice grew shrill.What voice more sweet than hersWhen, young and beautiful,She rode to harriers?This man had kept a schoolAnd rode our winged horse;This other his helper and friendWas coming into his force;He might have won fame in the end,So sensitive his nature seemed,So daring and sweet his thought.This other man I had dreamedA drunken, vainglorious lout.He had done most bitter wrongTo some who are near my heart,Yet I number him in the song;He, too, has resigned his partIn the casual comedy;He, too, has been changed in his turn,Transformed utterly:A terrible beauty is born. ADOLPHE LOUIS-NAPOLÉON CASTEX-DÉGRANGE (1840-1918) Marigolds and Daisies
Literary connection to Britain Easter is about the fact that every good thing can go wrong. This poem was written in 1916, when people might’ve agreed with this feeling. Being in the middle of World War One gave people a loss of patriotism, which made them feel as if things would never get better.
Dylan Thomas Dylan Thomas was born in Swansea, Wales in 1914. While growing up, he focused on getting the acceptance of his parents. His earliest poem was recorded when he was eleven, “The Song of the Earliest Dog”. He wrote most of his best work before he was twenty. his poems are a mixture of intricate complication and preacher like eloquence. In 1954 he produced the play Under Milkwood and a lyrical memoir A Child’s Christmas in Wales(1955). In 1953 he died from alcohol problems.
Part of… Death and Entrance By Dylan Thomas http://www.famouspoetsandpoems.com/poets/dylan_thomas/poems/11403 On almost the incendiary eveOf deaths and entrances,When near and strange wounded on London's wavesHave sought your single grave,One enemy, of many, who knows wellYour heart is luminousIn the watched dark, quivering through locks and caves,Will pull the thunderboltsTo shut the sun, plunge, mount your darkened keysAnd sear just riders back,Until that one loved leastLooms the last Samson of your zodiac. Arthur Wasse ( 1854-1930) The Summer House
Literary connection to Britain Death and Entrance was a poem about the end of your life and it tells you in different forms how your death is. This poem was made towards the end of World War One, and you can see how depressing and sad the tone throughout the piece sounds. This is a reflection how British citizens felt during the war about death.
Graham Greene (1904-1991) Graham Green (1904- 1991) Lived comfortably until he reached adolescence, but soon became depressed and ran away from home. Once he was found, his parents sent him to London. Was famous for his children books, screenplays, and over twenty novels. Wrote his first book in 1929 called The Man Within. In 1932 he published The Stamboul Train (Orient Express), which caused much controversy. He was a former atheist, but he wrote Brighton Rock (1938) and The Power and The Glory (1940) to express his concerns about religion
http://www.eddiefordham.com/ A brief description of..The Stamboul TrainGraham Greene Published in 1932, this spy thriller unfolds aboard the Orient Express as it crosses Europe from Ostend to Constantinople. Weaving a web of subterfuge, murder and politics along the way, it focuses upon the disturbing relationship between Myatt, the pragmatic Jew, and chorus girl, Coral Musker. Eddie Fordham Blue Pathway 20 http://www.fantasticfiction.co.uk/g/graham-greene/stamboul-train.htm
Literary connection to Britain During the time this book was written (1932), racial tensions between cultures were escalating, and the government was going through some changes. When Graham Greene decided to write this story about a train ride through Europe, he also thought to make it a thriller. The Stamboul Train also includes some references to politics which made it controversial at the time.
Contemporary • Content -concern with connections between people -exploring interpretations of the past -open mindedness and courage that comes from being an outsider -escaping those ways of living that blind and dull the human spirit • Genres/Styles -all genres represented -fictional confessional/diaries -narratives: both fiction and nonfiction -autobiographical essays -mixing of fantasy with nonfiction; blurs lines of reality for reader
Other famous writers… • Joseph Conrad • D.H. Lawrence • Nadine Gordimer • George Orwell • Bernard Shaw • Seamus Heaney • Doris Lessing • Louis de Bernieres • Kazuo Ishiguro
(1901)- Queen Victoria dies and she is succeeded by her son, Edward the VII http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=Queen%20Victoria%20&FORM=BILH#
(1914)- England declares war on Germany under a peace treaty to protect Belgium. Herbert Asquith was Prime minister http://www.cooperativeindividualism.org/asquith-herbert.jpg
(1918)- World War one ends and Voting Rights are extended to women over age 30 http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=women+voting+in+britain&form=QBIR&qs=n&sk=&adlt=strict#
http://www.acwphotos.com/album003/uk-album/slides/american%20theam%20park%20ireland%201998%2003.htmlhttp://www.acwphotos.com/album003/uk-album/slides/american%20theam%20park%20ireland%201998%2003.html (1922)- Britain divides Ireland by treaty and Ireland starts a civil war
(1939)- Germany invades Poland, which starts WWII. Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister
(1965) comprehensive education system is initiated, and the death penalty is abolished http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view?back=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.search.yahoo.com%2Fsearch%2Fimages%3Fp%3Ddeath%2Bpenalty%2Bin%2Bbritain%26ei%3DUTF-8%26fr%3Dyfp-t-892%26fr2%3Dtab-web&w=417&h=500&imgurl=www.blurtit.com%2Fvar%2Fquestion%2Fq%2Fq3%2Fq38%2Fq384%2Fq3847%2Fq384777_50867_914_2440162578_07a85a0c74.jpg&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.blurtit.com%2Fq384777.html&size=113KB&name=Was+The+Last+Man...&p=death+penalty+in+britain&oid=3a33ac3f1f4fdfca1ec59f2749f800ee&fr2=tab-web&no=4&tt=641&sigr=113b7ahfu&sigi=12s908vli&sigb=139ciqh11
(1972) The British army killed fourteen people in Londonderry, Northern Ireland on Bloody Sunday http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items08/300508-2.html
(1981-1982) Racial tension sparks up a riot in Brixton. A year later, Argentina invades the British territory of Falkland Islands. http://casadedraco.blogspot.com/2009/04/2nd-april-1982-argentina-invades.html
(1991) Liberation of Kuwait begins as allies launch operation desert storm http://www.91outcomes.com/2009/05/uk-guardian-article-1991-photographers.html
(1997) Princess Diana of Wales dies under one of Paris’ tunnels from a car crash http://connect.in.com/princess-diana-death-pictures/photos-1-1-1-328a295796d0ca1721ebbeb0ff1005e9.html#image_button
Works Cited page • British Literature Through Time: Contemporary. 2009. 26 August 2010 <http://www.studyguide.org/brit_lit_timeline_contemporary.htm>. • British Literature Through Time: Modern/Post Modern. 2009. 25 August 2010 <http://www.studyguide.org/brit_lit_timeline_modern.htm>. • Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Elements of Literature. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2011. • Holt, Rinehart annd Winston. Elements of Literature. Orlando: Hlt, Rinehart annd Winston, 1997. • List of Poets. 2006-2010. 26 August 2010 <http://famouspoetsandpoems.com/poets.html>.