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Integrating Sustainable Consumption & Production What is Sustainable Consumption & Production. Need for a pra PowerPoint Presentation
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Integrating Sustainable Consumption & Production What is Sustainable Consumption & Production. Need for a pra

Integrating Sustainable Consumption & Production What is Sustainable Consumption & Production. Need for a pra

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Integrating Sustainable Consumption & Production What is Sustainable Consumption & Production. Need for a pra

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  1. Organized by UNEP DTIE sponsored by InWentTraining Programme for Capacity Building in Cleaner Production CentersSustainable Consumption & Production: Making the Connection Integrating Sustainable Consumption & Production What is Sustainable Consumption & Production. Need for a practical approach.

  2. Objectives • improve participants understanding of how sustainable consumption and production are interrelated. • demonstrate the tools and strategies that are available to address this. • support participants in identifyingopportunities for leveraging sustainable consumption and production in their activities. UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  3. Outline • Sustainable Consumption • Cleaner Production • Integrating Consumption and Production • Stakeholder engagement and future directions UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  4. What is Sustainable Consumption? “…the use of services and products which respond to basic needs and bring a better quality of life while minimizing the use of natural resources and toxic materials as well as the emissions of waste and pollutants over the life cycle of the service or product so as to not jeopardize the needs of future generations.” UN CSD, 1995 UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  5. Sustainable Consumption is ... • more than “consuming green” • meeting basic needs • about changing patterns, not “doing without” • responsible consumptionconsuming differently, efficiently !! UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  6. Consumption Optimisation • Different consumption • what changes in choices and infrastructure will satisfy consumer demand more sustainability? • Conscious consumption • How can consumers increase their quality of life by “choosing and using” more wisely? • Appropriate consumption • Are consumption levels sustainable? Is consumption the best way to achieve every type of quality of life? UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  7. Mixed messages from consumers… I’d like to end poverty, stop violence and racism, and get rid of pollution. Everyone should be equal. I want to dress in the nicest clothes, drive a great car, talk on the latest mobile phone, and watch my brand new DVD

  8. Driving Forces that Influence Consumption • Economic: economic growth, disposable income and prices, • Demographics: single-person households, longer/healthier lifetimes • Social: lifestyle and cultural tastes for diversity, individualism, working/leisure hours. • Education, Media and Information: environmental awareness. • Existing technology and infrastructure, available products and services. • Policy framework: economic instruments, regulations and social tools. UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  9. Needs - opportunity – ability model of consumer behaviour GOAL Sustainable Development striving to change the way in which needs are met to reduce environmental impacts Sustainable Consumption improving efficiencies of current production processes with an eye to product changes Cleaner Production Recycling using byproducts on/off site so that waste being disposed of is minizised Treatment money spent on environment is an expense not an investment, no economic return Dilution Reactive Proactive UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  10. Consumption & Production:Different Terms …Different Concepts? Leapfrog change Voluntarysimplicity buying green Increase in resource efficiency reduced spending UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  11. What is Cleaner Production? “ Cleaner Production is the continuous application of an integrated environmental strategy to processes, products, and services to increase overall efficiency, and reduce risks to humans and the environment. Cleaner production can be applied to the processes used in any industry, to products themselves and to various services provided in society” http://www.uneptie.org/pc/cp/understanding_cp/home.htm UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  12. What Cleaner Production means for… • Production processes: conserving raw materials, water and energy; eliminating toxic and dangerous raw materials; reducing the quantity and toxicity of all emissions and wasters at source during the production process. • Products: reducing the environmental, health and safety impacts of products through their entire life cycle, from raw materials extraction, throughout manufacturing and use to the “ultimate” disposal of the product. • Services: incorporating environmental concerns into designing and delivering services. UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  13. Cleaner Production in action • For companies, cleaner production is implemented via: • factory and site Cleaner Production audits • improved maintenance and operational practices • equipment modification • increased recycling • change to cleaner technologies • better product design UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  14. Cleaner Production example: • Nicaraguan beverage company (PEPSICO) undertook a • Cleaner Production Assessment working closely • with the 260 employees and found that • product loss was almost 80% due to mechanical problems • - 20% of which were housekeeping measures. • Measures taken: • Water conservation reduced water loss by 50% • Energy efficiency solutions resulted in 12% reduction in refrigeration, 40% reduction in air conditioning, overal fuel costs reduced by 30% • On going training of employees reduced bottle breaking by 30% savings of $26,000/year, and established an atmosphere supportive for looking for continual improvements. UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  15. There is no Sustainable Consumption without Sustainable Production and vice versa UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  16. Consumption Production Process-FocusedConsumption and Production UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  17. Consumption Production A Systems Look at Sustainable Consumption and Production UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  18. Consumption and production: integrated issue “Consumers are increasingly interested in the world that lies behind the products. They want to know how and where and by whom the products have been produced.” “This increasing awareness is a sign of hope. Business and governments must build on that.” Klaus Toepfer, UNEP Executive Director UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  19. Life Cycle Thinking … implies that everyone in the whole chain of a product’s life cycle, from cradle to grave, has a responsibility and a role to play, taking into account all the relevant external effects.” Klaus Toepfer UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  20. 1. Engineering view of processes to meet human needs UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  21. Need for Integrated Approach • Increasing resource use efficiency (technological innovation, better management, alternative materials, etc.) to meet the basic needs • Reduce material and energy density of consumption • Promoting sustainable development (economic, social and environmental) UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  22. Manufacturing SystemSchematic Facility level Process Flow Map Inputs Labor Time Energy Capital Materials Outputs Product Scrap Heat Packaging Waste Process UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  23. Production Chain SchematicExamples of strategies to improve resource productivity I Extraction of Raw materials Processing Industry Manufacturer of finished products • Cleaner processing and energy technology More emphasis on material with a favorable life course • Less material per unit • Larger share of materials from recycling industry • Better moduling of components • Cleaner processing • and energy technology • Cleaner processing • and energy technology UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  24. Production Chain SchematicExamples of strategies to improve resource productivity II Distribution Consumption Waste Management • More systematic • Recycling • New materials • technology • Cleaner and more • effective transport • Possibly spread • Production • Re-use of transport • packaging • Rationalize link between goods or • Services and consumer • (computer shopping) • Better utilization of energy • More re-use and recycling • A large share of the total • consumption should refer to service • More “sharing” UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  25. Consumption and Production - A Complex System Production Production Consumption Consumption Production Products Consumption Production Production Consumption Consumption UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  26. New approach for developmentExample of mobility Needs: to be able to reach places easily, timely and comfortably Environmental impacts (life-cycle):land use for road, material use in making automobiles, roads and related facilities, energy consumption and pollution emission, automobile wastes, etc. New approaches:urban planing (location of residents, commercial and leisure services), public transport, cleaner fuels, design for efficiency and recycling, telecommunication (working from home, tele-conferencing, on-line shopping), diversity of leisure activities Actors:government, financial institutes, automobile manufacturers, public transport services, leisure service companies, IT industry, etc. UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  27. Sustainable Consumption and Production: a role for ALL Sustainable consumption and production is a common responsibility of • Governments, • Industry, • Consumers and • Mass media. UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics

  28. Future directions... Encompasses entire consumption and production system with a life cycle perspective • Includes stages upstream and downstream of targeted area • Focuses on minimising impacts of entire system • Includes interventions that influence consumption patterns (e.g, PSS, product information and product design) • Involves wide range of stakeholders • Covers both policy as well as techno-managerial aspects UNEP Division of Technology, Industry & Economics