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TAX PLANNING THROUGH HUF By SUBHASH LAKHOTIA Tax & Investment Consultant Tax Guru – CNBC Awaaz. Lakhotia College of Taxation & Management S-228, Greater Kailash Part-2, New Delhi-110048 Ph. 011-29215434, 29215420 E-mail: slakhotia@satyam.net.in Website: www.lakhotiacollege.com.

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tax planning through huf by subhash lakhotia tax investment consultant tax guru cnbc awaaz
TAX PLANNING THROUGH HUFBy SUBHASH LAKHOTIATax & Investment ConsultantTax Guru – CNBC Awaaz

Lakhotia College of Taxation & Management

S-228, Greater Kailash Part-2, New Delhi-110048

Ph. 011-29215434, 29215420

E-mail: slakhotia@satyam.net.in

Website: www.lakhotiacollege.com

1 tax saving through hufs
1. Tax Saving through HUFs

1(1). Tax Saving a reality with HUF.

A. Survivorship principle.

B. Partition of HUF.

C. Special Gift by the father to the HUF.

D. Special Gift to HUF pot.

2 please remember huf tax advantages
2 Please remember HUF Tax Advantages

1.Separate exemption limit under Income-tax Law of Rs. 1,60,000

2. Separate deduction u/s 80G, etc.

  • Separate deduction u/s 80C.
  • Separate deduction u/s 80CCF

5. Separate partnership share.

6. Salary to Karta /Member,

7. No T.D.S. on Interest.

8. Separate Income-tax Deduction on Interest for self occupied House Property

3 capital gain exemption benefits for huf s
3. Capital Gain Exemption Benefits for HUF’s
  • Cost Inflation Index benefit available to Calculate Cost of the Asset.
  • Tax benefit of 20% Tax on Long-term Capital Gains
  • Saving Tax on Long-term Capital Gain possible by investing in Capital Gains Bonds of NHAI / REC
  • Long-term Capital Gains Saving by investing in Residential Property
4 stock market mutual funds huf s
4. Stock Market, Mutual Funds & HUF’s
  • HUF can have a separate Demat Account.
  • Make money by investing in shares of companies :-

(a) Primary Market

(b) Secondary Market

  • Enjoy Tax Free Income for Long-term Capital Gains by holding shares for more than one year
  • Enjoy lower tax rate of 15% on Short-term Capital Gains.
  • HUF can also invest in Mutual Fund.
5 wealth tax huf s
5. Wealth-tax & HUF’s
  • Separate exemption of Wealth-tax for HUF’s upto Rs. 15 lakhs Wealth.
  • One House Wealth Tax Free
  • Productive assets of HUF fully exempt for Wealth-tax
6 huf as proprietor of business
6. HUF as Proprietor of Business
  • HUF can be a Proprietor of one or more than one Business concerns.
  • Separate name can be kept of HUF business entity.
  • No tax Audit of HUF business if Turnover within Rs. 60 lakhs.
  • Business Income Computation @ 8% without books of account in case turnover is upto Rs. 60 lakhs – The Presumptive Basis
7 real estate in the name of huf
7. Real Estate in the name of HUF
  • Self occupied one Residential House & the tax gain specially by way of Interest on Loan & Repayment of Loan
  • Special 30% deduction on Rental Income also to HUF.
  • Exemption from Wealth-tax the real estate of HUF (Commercial / Rented Residential)
8 tax exempt income of member received from huf
8. Tax exempt Income of member received from HUF
  • As per section 10(2) of the Income-tax Act, 1961 any sum received by an individual from Hindu Undivided Family of which he is member is exempt from tax.
  • Amount received not as a member of Joint Family but in pursuance of some statutory provision, etc. would not be exempted in this clause.
  • Member of joint family living apart from the other members does not effect his/her position in law to claim the right as per section 10(2).
9 taxation of money received by huf without consideration
9. Taxation of money received by HUF without consideration
  • Provisions of section 56(2)(v) applicable even to HUF if any sum of money is received by the HUF exceeding Rs. 50,000 p.a.
  • Items received in kind subjected to the provisions of s. 56(2)(v)
10 deductions under chapter via to huf
10. Deductions under Chapter VIA to HUF
  • Deduction available to HUF as per section 80C. [Insurance Premium can be paid on the life of any member]
  • Deduction u/s 80CCF upto Rs. 20,000 on investment in Infrastructure Bonds
  • Section 80D deduction available on Mediclaim Policy on the health of any member of the family.
  • Section 80DD deduction for maintenance including medical treatment of a dependant who is a HUF member.
  • Section 80DDB in respect of Medical treatment for any member of the HUF.
  • Section 80G Donation to recognised Charity Trust.
  • Sections 80IA / 80IB for New Industrial undertakings.
11 coparcenary the hindu undivided family
11. Coparcenary & the Hindu Undivided Family
  • Hindu Undivided Family not specifically defined under the Income-tax Act but as per Hindu Law a joint Family consists of male members descended lineally from a common male ancestor, together with their mothers, wives or widows and unmarried daughters bound by fundamental principals of family relationship.
  • As per the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005 the Hindu Mitakshara Coparcener shall be deemed to include a daughter of a coparcener.
12 daughter the huf now
12. Daughter & the HUF - Now

On and from the commencement of the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005 in a Joint Hindu Family governed by the Mitakshara law, the daughter of a coparcener shall :-

(a) by birth become a coparcener in her own right in the same manner as the son;

(b) have the same rights in the coparcenary

property as she would have had if she had been a son;

(c) be subject to the same liabilities in respect of the said coparcenary property as that of a son,

- New Section 6 of the Hindu Succession Act

13 partition of a hindu undivided family
13. Partition of a Hindu Undivided Family

The Partition of HUF can be:-

1. Partial Partition

2. Full Partition

14 tax implications of partial partition of huf
14. Tax Implications of Partial Partition of HUF
  • As per section 171(9) of the Income-tax Act, 1961 the Partial Partition after 31-12-1978 is not recognised.
  • Even after Partial Partition the income of the HUF shall be liable to be assessed under the Income-tax Act as if no Partial Partition had taken place.
15 tax implications of full partition of huf
15. Tax Implications of Full Partition of HUF
  • As per s. 171(9) of the Income-tax Act, 1961 partition means: -

(i) where the property admits of a physical division, a physical division of the property, but a physical division of the income without a physical division of the property producing the income shall not be deemed to be a partition; or

(ii) where the property does not admit of a physical division, then such division as the property admits of, but a mere severance of status shall not be deemed to be a partition;

  • Assessment after Partition as per s. 171 & order to be passed by the Assessing Officer.
16 gift of huf property
16. Gift of HUF Property
  • Elementary proposition that Karta of HUF cannot gift or alienate property except to the extent recognised under the Hindu Law, namely necessity etc –

CGT v. P. Hanumanthappa 68 ITR 363,

K.P. Gupta v. CIT 233 ITR 456

  • Reasonable limits depends upon facts - CGT v. B.V. Narasimharaju 101 ITR 74
  • Karta can make reasonable gifts to daughters – Sushil Kumar & Sons v. ITO 234 ITR 98
  • Gift on Marriage Occasion is valid – S. Lakshmamma v. Kotayya AIR 1936 Mad. 825.
  • Gift of immovable property should be for pious purpose – CIT v. Ram Gopal Rajgharia 123 ITR 693
  • Gift to Strangers void – Guramma v. Mallappa AIR 1964 SC 510.
17 gift by a member of huf
17. Gift by a member of HUF

As per section 64(2) a gift by a member of a Hindu Undivided Family after 31-12-1969 would attract Clubbing of Income in the hands of the member and as such the income from the converted property shall be deemed to arise to the individual & not to the family.

18 judicial decisions relating to hindu undivided family
18. Judicial Decisions Relating to Hindu Undivided Family

(a) Son is not necessary to constitute HUF under Mitakshara law -Gowali Buddanna v. CIT (1966) 60 ITR 293 (SC).

(b) Unequal partition of HUF - No gift -CIT v. NSG chettiar 82 ITR 599 (SC)

(c) Father could form the HUF of son. Intention in Deed is important - MPP Chettiarv. CIT (1975) 99 ITR 1 (SC).

(d) HUF with husband and wife only - Prem Kumar v. CIT 121 ITR 347 (Allahabad H.C.).

(e) Remuneration to karta of HUF can be followed -

J. K. Baldeo Sahaiv. CIT 63 ITR 238 (SC).

19 judicial decisions relating to hindu undivided family contd
19. Judicial Decisions Relating to Hindu Undivided Family – Contd.
  • In order to be acceptable or recognizable partition under section 171 the partition should be complete with respect to all members of HUF and in respect of all properties of HUF and there should be actual division of property as per specified shares allotted to each member. – Mohanlal K. Shah (HUF) v. ITO 1 SOT 316.
  • Setting apart certain assets of HUF in favour of certain coparceners on the condition that no further claim in properties will be made by them is nothing but a partial partition and not a family arrangement not recognised in view of s. 171(9) – ITO v. P. Shankaraiah Yadav 91 ITD 228.
20 judicial decisions relating to hindu undivided family contd
20. Judicial Decisions Relating to Hindu Undivided Family – Contd.
  • Where members of HUF become the partners in a firm by investment of family funds & not because of any Special Services rendered by them, then the income will belong to HUF – D.N. Bhandarkar v. CIT 158 ITR 724.
  • Property purchased with the aid of joint family funds, howsoever small that may be, still the property would be HUF income and cannot be income of the individual with major portion of purchase price – S. Periannan v. CIT 191 ITR 278.