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Extreme Heat Safety - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Extreme Heat Safety. Extreme Heat. What is Extreme Heat? ~ Temperatures that are 10 higher than the average for the area. Keep cool. Drink plenty of fluids ~ Don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink. ~ If you’re exercising, drink 2-4 glasses of cool fluids each hour.

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Presentation Transcript
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Extreme Heat

  • What is Extreme Heat?
    • ~ Temperatures that are 10 higher than the average for the area.
  • Keep cool.
  • Drink plenty of fluids
      • ~ Don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink.
      • ~ If you’re exercising, drink 2-4 glasses of cool fluids each hour.
  • WARNING: If your doctor usually limits the amount of fluid you drink or has you on water pills, ask how much you should drink while the weather is hot.
    • Don’t drink liquids that contain alcohol, or large amounts of sugar --- these make you lose more body fluids.
    • Avoid very cold drinks. They can cause stomach cramps.
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Wear Appropriate Clothing and Sunscreen

  • Wear as little clothing as possible when you are at home.
    • ~ Choose lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing.
  • Sunburn
    • ~ Affects your body’s ability to cool itself and causes a loss of body fluids.
    • ~ Causes pain and damages skin.
  • Protect yourself from the sun.
    • ~ Wear a wide-brimmed hat.
    • ~ Wear sunglasses.
    • ~ Wear sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher before going outdoors.
    • ~ Continue applying sunscreen periodically while outdoors.
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If you have to be outdoors, try to limit your outdoor activity to morning and evening hours.

  • Try to rest often in shady areas so that your body will have a chance to recover.
  • If you’re not used to working or exercising when it’s hot out, start out slowly and pick up the pace gradually.
    • ~ If exercising in the heat makes your heart pound harder and leaves you gasping for breath, STOP all activity.
    • ~ Get into a cool area or at least into the shade and rest, especially if you become lightheaded, confused, weak, or faint.
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Stay indoors and, if possible, stay in an air-conditioned place.

  • If your home does not have air conditioning, go to a store or public library.
  • ~ Even a few hours spent in air conditioning can help your body stay cooler when you go back into the heat.
  • Call your local health department to see if there are any heat-relief shelters in your area.
  • Electric fans may provide comfort, but when temperature is in the high 90s, fans will not prevent heat-related illness.
  • Taking a cool shower or bath or moving to an air-conditioned place is a much better way to cool off.
  • Use your stove and oven less to maintain a cooler temperature in your house.
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Use a Buddy System.

  • When working in the heat, keep an eye on your co-workers and have someone do the same for you.
  • Heat-induced illness can cause a person to become confused or lose consciousness.
  • If you are 65 years of age or older, have a friend or relative call to check on you twice a day during a heat wave.
    • ~ If you know someone in this age group, check on them at least twice a day.