The electoral process
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The Electoral Process. Nominations. Nomination The naming of those who will seek office in an election Prime function of political parties in the United States. How does the nomination process affect voters in the United States? Excerpt from the textbook

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Nominations
Nominations

  • Nomination

    • The naming of those who will seek office in an election

    • Prime function of political parties in the United States


The electoral process

How does the nomination process affect voters in the United States?

  • Excerpt from the textbook

    • “Other choices are sometimes listed, of course – minor party or independent nominees. These are not often meaningful alternatives, however. Most voters choose not to ‘waste’ their votes on candidates who cannot win…”


Nomination
Nomination States?

  • Why is the nomination process particularly important in areas where one party is dominant?

  • 5 ways nominations are made in the US

    • Self-announcement

    • Caucus

    • Convention

    • Direct primary

    • Petition


Self announcement
Self-Announcement States?

  • Sometimes used by someone who failed to win a regular party nomination

    • George Wallace 1968

    • Eugene McCarthy 1976

    • John Anderson 1980

    • Ross Perot 1992


The caucus
The Caucus States?

  • A group of like-minded people who meet to select the candidates they will support in an upcoming election

  • Prominent members of political parties

  • Only used in small local elections

  • Why would this system be criticized?


The convention
The Convention States?

  • Local caucuses elect delegates that are sent to national conventions where candidates are nominated for office

  • Process was tainted when political bosses manipulated the delegates in the late 1800s


The direct primary
The Direct Primary States?

  • An election held within a party to nominate a candidate for office

  • Winner will represent party in the general election

  • Two types

    • Closed primary

    • Open primary


The closed primary
The Closed Primary States?

  • A party nominating election in which only declared party members can vote

    • 26 states and the District of Columbia

    • Party members based on registration


The open primary
The Open Primary States?

  • A party nominating election in which any qualified voter can take part

    • Used in the remaining 24 states


Open vs closed primary
Open vs. Closed Primary States?

  • Arguments in Favor of Closed

    • Candidates more responsive to the party, its platform, and its members

    • Promotes just two parties

  • What would arguments be against closed primaries?

  • What would arguments be in favor of open primaries?


Petitio n
Petitio States? n

  • Nomination by list of signatures supporting a candidate

  • Must meet a required number of signatures

  • Used at the local level in local elections