MORTIMER ADLER. THE PAIDEA EDUCATIONAL REFORMS Paidea History. Dr. Rafael Cartagena. What is the history of Paidea?.
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THE PAIDEA EDUCATIONAL REFORMS
Dr. Rafael Cartagena
Paideia is a Greek word meaning the upbringing of a child. There are many different pronunciations, but the one we use is pie-day-ah. Paideia has long been used as a term for education projects. One particular use developed into a major program centered around basis principles and regular use of Socratic seminars for all students.
Paideia Goals - The goals are to prepare students to: earn a living; be a good citizen; be a lifelong learner.
The Paidea Curricular Framework
Column 1 Column 2 Column 3
Goals An Acquisition Development of Enlarged
organized intellectual skills- understanding of
knowledge skills of learning ideas and values
(knowing that) (knowing how) (knowing why)
Means by means of by means of by means of
Didactic Coaching, Socratic
instruction, exercises, questioning
lectures and supervised participation
Areas, Language, Reading, writing Discussion of
Literature, and speaking, listening books (not
the Fine Arts textbook) and
other works of
Mathematics and Calculating, art and Natural Sciences problem solving, involvement in
observing, artistic activities,
measuring, e.g., music,
History, estimating drama, visual arts
Social Studies Exercising critical
Paideia stress three types of teaching and learning:
1. Socratic teaching in seminars with primary sources (e.g., documents, essays, speeches, stories, art and math and science experiments) for understanding;
The following 102 topics are the called the Great Ideas, and represent the index of the Syntopicon. Invented by Dr. Mortimer J. Adler, the Syntopicon is a topical index of Britannica's Great Books.
4 Art5 Astronomy and Cosmology6 Beauty7 Being8 Cause9 Chance10 Change11 Citizen12 Constitution
13 Courage14 Custom and Convention
15 Definition16 Democracy17 Desire18 Dialectic19 Duty20 Education21 Element22 Emotion23 Eternity24 Evolution25 Experience
29 God30 Good and Evil31 Government32 Habit33 Happiness 34 History35 Honor36 Hypothesis37 Idea38 Immortality
39 Induction40 Infinity41 Judgment
42 Justice43 Knowledge44 Labor45 Language46 Law47 Liberty48 Life and Death49 Logic50 Love51 Man52 Mathematics and Science
56 Memory and Imagination57 Metaphysics58 Mind59 Monarchy60 Nature61 Necessity & Contingency62 Oligarchy 63 One and Many
64 Opinion65 Opposition66 Philosophy
67 Physics68 Pleasure and Pain 69 Poetry70 Principle71 Progress72 Prophecy73 Prudence74 Punishment75 Quality76 Quantity77 Reasoning
81 Rhetoric82 Same and Other83 Science84 Sense85 Sign and Symbol86 Sin87 Slavery88 Soul89 Space90 State
91 Temperance92 Theology93 Time
94 Truth95 Tyranny and Despotism96 Universal and Particular97 Virtue and Vice98 War and Peace99 Wealth100 Will101 Wisdom 102 World