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WHAT DO WE DO WITH ISRAEL? Romans 11 PowerPoint Presentation
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WHAT DO WE DO WITH ISRAEL? Romans 11

WHAT DO WE DO WITH ISRAEL? Romans 11

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WHAT DO WE DO WITH ISRAEL? Romans 11

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  1. WHAT DO WE DOWITH ISRAEL?Romans 11 30 June 2013

  2. Two Christian Views on Israel

  3. Christian Zionism • OT prophecy about Israel refers to the Jews, not to the church • The Jews have a divine right to the land of Palestine (now the state of Israel) • Modern state of Israel is a fulfilment of biblical prophecy • Unqualified support for the state of Israel – only bless Israel, never curse Israel • Christians must do everything possible to return Jews to the Promised Land

  4. Christian Zionism & Dispensationalism • Christian Zionism is often allied to Dispensationalism, the view that God’s dealings with Israel and the Church are separate • Dispensationalists believe that the promises given to Israel are not transferred to the (Gentile) Church • They believe in the rapture of the Church followed by an earthly millennium in which Jesus will rule Israel from Jerusalem

  5. Supersessionism • Its opponents pejoratively call it ‘Replacement Theology’ • After Christ, the Church is now the true Israel • OT prophecy about Israel is ultimately fulfilled in the Church • The Jewish people and the land of Palestine have served their purpose in God’s plan and are now superseded by the Church

  6. Supersessionists accuse Christian Zionists of • Substituting the teachings of Jesus with a political-military-colonialist program which propagates injustice and ongoing conflict • One-sidedly supporting Israel’s violent actions e.g. illegally confiscating Palestinian lands, planting armed Israeli settlements and violating the human rights of Palestinians

  7. Christian Zionists accuse Supersessionists of • Anti-Semitism (being anti-Israel/Jew haters) • Being unconcerned for evangelism of Jews • Nullifying OT prophecies about Israel

  8. New Testament Teaching Concerning Israel

  9. God’s true people are not Abraham’s physical but spiritual offspring Matt 3:9 - And do not presume to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father,’ for I tell you, God is able from these stones to raise up children for Abraham. Matt 21:43 - Therefore I tell you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people producing its fruits. John 8:39 - They answered him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you were Abraham's children, you would be doing the works Abraham did…

  10. God’s true people are not Abraham’s physical but spiritual offspring Rom 2:28-29 - For no one is a Jew who is merely one outwardly, nor is circumcision outward and physical. But a Jew is one inwardly, and circumcision is a matter of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter. His praise is not from man but from God. Rom 4:16-17 - That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his offspring—not only to the adherent of the law but also to the one who shares the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all, as it is written, “I have made you the father of many nations”…

  11. Gentiles will be included as God’s people Matt 8:11-12 - I tell you, many will come from east and west and recline at table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven, while the sons of the kingdom will be thrown into the outer darkness. Acts 10:34-35 - So Peter opened his mouth and said: “Truly I understand that God shows no partiality, but in every nation anyone who fears him and does what is right is acceptable to him.

  12. Gentiles will be included as God’s people Acts 15:14-17 - Simeon has related how God first visited the Gentiles, to take from them a people for his name. And with this the words of the prophets agree, just as it is written, “‘After this I will return, and I will rebuild the tent of David that has fallen; I will rebuild its ruins, and I will restore it, that the remnant of mankind may seek the Lord, And all the Gentiles who are called by my name, says the Lord, who makes these things known from of old. Amos 9:11-12 - “In that day I will raise up the booth of David that is fallen and repair its breaches, and raise up its ruins and rebuild it as in the days of old, that they may possess the remnant of Edom and all the nations who are called by my name,” declares the Lord who does this.

  13. Gentiles will be included as God’s people Gal 3:14 - so that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we might receive the promised Spirit through faith. Eph 2:11-14 - Therefore remember that at one time you Gentiles in the flesh, called “the uncircumcision” by what is called the circumcision, which is made in the flesh by hands—remember that you were at that time separated from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For he himself is our peace, who has made us both one…

  14. Gentiles will be included as God’s people Eph 3:6 - This mystery is that the Gentiles are fellow heirs, members of the same body, and partakers of the promise in Christ Jesus through the gospel. Phil 3:2-3 - Look out for the dogs, look out for the evildoers, look out for those who mutilate the flesh. For we are the circumcision, who worship by the Spirit of God and glory in Christ Jesus and put no confidence in the flesh—

  15. OT Language about Israel applied to the Church 1 Pet 2:9-10 - But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvellous light. Once you were not a people, but now you are God's people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.

  16. OT Language about Israel applied to the Church 1 Pet 2:9-10 - But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvellous light. Once you were not a people, but now you are God's people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy. Exodus 19:5-6 - Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine; and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.

  17. OT Language about Israel applied to the Church 1 Pet 2:9-10 - But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvellous light. Once you were not a people, but now you are God's people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy. Hosea 2:1 - Say to your brothers, “You are my people,” and to your sisters, “You have received mercy.” Hosea 2:23 - And I will have mercy on No Mercy, and I will say to Not My People, ‘You are my people’; and he shall say, ‘You are my God.’”

  18. The NT Church is the substance of God’s promise, OT Israel is merely the shadow A Better Covenant Heb 8:6-13 - But as it is, Christ has obtained a ministry that is as much more excellent than the old as the covenant he mediates is better, since it is enacted on better promises. A Better Land Heb 4:8-11 - For if Joshua had given them rest, God would not have spoken of another day later on. So then, there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God, for whoever has entered God's rest has also rested from his works as God did from his. Let us therefore strive to enter that rest, so that no one may fall by the same sort of disobedience. Heb 11:8-10 - By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to a place that he was to receive as an inheritance. And he went out, not knowing where he was going. By faith he went to live in the land of promise, as in a foreign land, living in tents with Isaac and Jacob, heirs with him of the same promise. For he was looking forward to the city that has foundations, whose designer and builder is God.

  19. The NT Church is the substance of God’s promise, OT Israel is merely the shadow A Better Tabernacle Heb 10:19 - Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the holy places by the blood of Jesus, by the new and living way that he opened for us through the curtain, that is, through his flesh, A Better Sacrifice Heb 10:1, 14 - For since the law has but a shadow of the good things to come instead of the true form of these realities, it can never, by the same sacrifices that are continually offered every year, make perfect those who draw near. Heb 10:14 - For by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified.

  20. The NT Church is the substance of God’s promise, OT Israel is merely the shadow A Better High Priest Heb 4:14 - Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. A Better Kingdom John 18:36 - Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, my servants would have been fighting, that I might not be delivered over to the Jews. But my kingdom is not from the world.” Heb 12:28 - Therefore let us be grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, and thus let us offer to God acceptable worship, with reverence and awe,

  21. The NT Church is the substance of God’s promise, OT Israel is merely the shadow A Better Zion/Jerusalem John 4:20-23 - Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, but you say that in Jerusalem is the place where people ought to worship.” Jesus said to her, “Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father. You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews.But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father is seeking such people to worship him.

  22. The NT Church is the substance of God’s promise, OT Israel is merely the shadow A Better Zion/Jerusalem Gal 4:25-26 - Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother. Heb 12:22 - But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering,… Heb 13:14 - For here we have no lasting city, but we seek the city that is to come. Rev 21:2 - And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

  23. The Question of IsraelRomans 9-11

  24. Different meanings of ‘Israel’ Physical / ethnic / national Israel = Ethnic Jews, physical descendants of Abraham Spiritual / true / new Israel = The Church, spiritual descendants of Abraham

  25. The Question of Israel (Romans 9-11) 1. Did God fail to keep his promise to ethnic Israel? 2. Does ethnic Israel have any further significance in God’s plan?

  26. The Question of Israel (Romans 9-11) 1. Did God fail to keep his promise to Israel? No! Rom 9:6 - But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For not all who are descended from Israel belong to Israel,

  27. The Question of Israel (Romans 9-11) The Question of Israel (Romans 9-11) 1. Did God fail to keep his promise to Israel? No! Rom 9:6 - But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For not all who are descended from Israel belong to Israel, Romans 9 appeals to God’s sovereignty: God never promised to save all physical Jews, but only the chosen remnant Rom 9:18 - So then he has mercy on whomever he wills, and he hardens whomever he wills.

  28. The Question of Israel (Romans 9-11) 1. Did God fail to keep his promise to Israel? No! Rom 9:6 - But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For not all who are descended from Israel belong to Israel, Romans 9 appeals to God’s sovereignty: God never promised to save all physical Jews, but only the chosen remnant Rom 9:18 - So then he has mercy on whomever he wills, and he hardens whomever he wills. Romans 10 appeals to human responsibility:Israel stubbornly refused to follow God’s way of salvation (by faith in Christ) and instead tried to be saved by works of the law Rom 10:21 - But of Israel he says, “All day long I have held out my hands to a disobedient and contrary people.”

  29. The Question of Israel (Romans 9-11) 2. Does ethnic Israel have any further significance in God’s plan? Answer = chapter 11

  30. God has not rejected Israel totally because there is always a saved remnant of JewsRomans 11:1-6

  31. Romans 11:1-6 1I ask, then, has God rejected his people? By no means! For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, a member of the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he appeals to God against Israel? 3 “Lord, they have killed your prophets, they have demolished your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life.” 4 But what is God's reply to him? “I have kept for myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.” 5 So too at the present time there is a remnant, chosen by grace. 6 But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace.

  32. Yet the majority of Jews were hardened and rejected GodRomans 11:7-10

  33. Romans 11:7-10 7 What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened, 8 as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that would not see and ears that would not hear, down to this very day.” 9 And David says, “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them; 10 let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and bend their backs forever.”

  34. Romans 11:8 8as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that would not see and ears that would not hear, down to this very day.” Deuteronomy 29:4 But to this day the Lord has not given you a heart to understand or eyes to see or ears to hear. Isaiah 29:10 For the Lord has poured out upon you a spirit of deep sleep, and has closed your eyes (the prophets), and covered your heads (the seers).

  35. Romans 11:7-10 7 What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened, 8 as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that would not see and ears that would not hear, down to this very day.” 9 And David says, “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them; 10 let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and bend their backs forever.”

  36. God intended the Jews’ rejection to bring salvation to GentilesRomans 11:11-24

  37. Romans 11:11-16 11 So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? By no means! Rather through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous. 12 Now if their trespass means riches for the world, and if their failure means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their full inclusion mean! 13 Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry 14 in order somehow to make my fellow Jews jealous, and thus save some of them. 15 For if their rejection means the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance mean but life from the dead? 16 If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

  38. Israel jealous, then its full inclusion Life from the dead (resurrection) Israel’s trespass/failure Riches/ Salvation for the Gentiles = Reconciliation of the world

  39. Romans 11:17-22 17But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, although a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing root of the olive tree, 18 do not be arrogant toward the branches. If you are, remember it is not you who support the root, but the root that supports you. 19 Then you will say, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.” 20 That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand fast through faith. So do not become proud, but fear. 21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you. 22 Note then the kindness and the severity of God: severity toward those who have fallen, but God's kindness to you, provided you continue in his kindness. Otherwise you too will be cut off.

  40. Not Israel replaced by Church ISRAEL CHURCH

  41. Romans 11:17-22 17But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, although a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing root of the olive tree, 18 do not be arrogant toward the branches. If you are, remember it is not you who support the root, but the root that supports you. 19 Then you will say, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.” 20 That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand fast through faith. So do not become proud, but fear. 21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you. 22 Note then the kindness and the severity of God: severity toward those who have fallen, but God's kindness to you, provided you continue in his kindness. Otherwise you too will be cut off.

  42. Romans 11:23-24 23And even they, if they do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in, for God has the power to graft them in again. 24 For if you were cut from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and grafted, contrary to nature, into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, the natural branches, be grafted back into their own olive tree.