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The History of Socialism. Socialism as a social movement focusing on egalitarianism Socialism as a political movement focusing on the revolutionary change Socialism as an economic system focuses on on secure and stable economy guaranteeing work and equal distribution of income

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the history of socialism
The History of Socialism
  • Socialism as a social movement focusing on egalitarianism
  • Socialism as a political movement focusing on the revolutionary change
  • Socialism as an economic system focuses on on secure and stable economy guaranteeing work and equal distribution of income
  • Socialism as incomplete communism, the initial stage of the communist mode of production
marxist view
Marxist View
  • Marx and the evolution of modes of production (dialectic method of Hegel)
  • Marx and materialist interpretation of history (production forces and production relations based on property)
  • Marx and labor theory of value (continuing tradition of Smith and Ricardo)
  • Marx and the communist revolution: objective and subjective factors (industrialization and two antagonistic classes) The threory of surplus value
utopian socialism
Utopian Socialism
  • Charles Fourier (non-industrial cooperative society with an emphasis on equality and eqalitarianism)
  • Robert Owen (industrial relations with profit sharing by workers)
  • Henri St.Simon (social engineering and the role of technocrats and planners)
marx continued
Marx (continued)
  • Socialism as incomplete communism
  • Socialism and the state
  • Socialism and the mode of distribution
  • Full communism
the theory of surplus value
The theory of surplus value
  • W=c+v+s
  • Organic composition q=C/(c=v)
  • S’ =s/v
  • p’= s/(c+v)
  • The breakup of capitalism
socialist controversy
Socialist Controversy
  • Mises and infeasibility of socialism (the role of entrepreneur)
  • Mises and rational calculation (markets and prices as coordination mechanism)
  • Mises and private property (cost awareness by the producer)
  • Mises and competitive markets (prices and competitive markets)
  • Mises and the state under socialism
national models of socialism
National Models of Socialism
  • Revolution from within (the internal antagonisms) and revolution from without (export of revolution)
  • Models in isolation and interacting models (closed economy and hostile encirclement)
  • Models and reforms (revisionism)
economies in transition
Economies in Transition
  • Transition from previously socialist to desirably market economies
  • Initial conditions
  • Pace and sequence
  • Driving forces
  • External conditionality
special cases
Special Cases
  • The Soviet Union: politics and economics
  • Maoism
  • Titoism
  • Evolution of the Soviet model
  • The formative years and experimentation
  • The launching of the model
  • Model revised