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Eradicating Poverty and Stabilizing Population. By: Douglas Gagne, Peter Gibson, Amanda Ledford. The Necessary Steps. Education Health Stabilizing Population Rescuing Failed States Total Agenda and Budget. The Benefits of Education. Reduces fertility rates Enhances agricultural yields

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eradicating poverty and stabilizing population

Eradicating Poverty and Stabilizing Population

By: Douglas Gagne, Peter Gibson, Amanda Ledford

the necessary steps
The Necessary Steps
  • Education
  • Health
  • Stabilizing Population
  • Rescuing Failed States
  • Total Agenda and Budget
the benefits of education
The Benefits of Education
  • Reduces fertility rates
  • Enhances agricultural yields
  • Institutional means to educate children about AIDS
remaining challenges to universal education
Remaining Challenges to Universal Education
  • Teachers being decimated by AIDS.
    • Scholarships for teacher training within country borders.
  • Accessing remote portions of the population.
    • Girls Advisory Committees
case example education for all
Case Example: “Education For All”
  • World Bank-sponsored plan that grants financial aid to support any plan with the following criteria:
  • Sensible plan to reach universal education.
  • Commit a meaningful share of its own resources.
  • Practice transparent budgeting and accounting.
the price tag of universal education
The Price Tag of Universal Education
  • $10 Billion for children
  • $4 Billion for adults
  • $6 Billion for school lunch program
  • TOTAL: $20 Billion

Est. Lifetime Cost of Nimitz-Class Carrier ~$22Bil.

but costs are even higher
But Costs are even higher…
  • Losses in productivity due to hunger
  • Farmers with even a basic education have higher crop yields
  • Lost opportunity to raise AIDS awareness
  • Degenerative vs. infectious diseases:
    • Sanitation in developing countries
    • Oral Rehydration Therapy
    • Inoculations
  • Smoking
ensuring safe and reliable water
Ensuring Safe and Reliable Water
  • Problem: Waste treatment is expensive and wastes valuable water supplies.
  • Solution:

Dry Compost Toilets

a nongovernmental group that began in bangladesh in 1972 and is focused on helping poor women

Taught mothers in Bangladesh how to prepare a simple oral rehydration solution from a measured amount of salt and sugar to water that treats diarrhea.

  • Succeeded in dramatically reducing child/infant deaths in that country
  • UNICEF picked up the idea in their program from worldwide diarrheal disease treatment which helped reduce children deaths from diarrhea from 4.6 million in 1980 to 1.6 million in 2006

A nongovernmental group that began in Bangladesh in 1972, and is focused on helping poor women

childhood immunization programs
Childhood Immunization Programs
  • Funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, assists in protecting poor children from infectious diseases like measles
  • Just a few pennies per child can make a huge difference in the future and health of any country who cannot afford vaccinations
  • An estimated 25 million people have died from HIV/AIDs so far
  • 2/3 of infected people live in sub-Saharan Africa
  • Education about prevention is the key to curbing the epidemic
  • - first goal is to reduce number of new infections
  • -focus is mainly on groups most likely to spread the disease

Dealing with HIV in the developing world and Eastern Europe would require 17.9 billion condoms a year but only 3.2 billion are being distributed. By adding the costs of condom distribution; promoting use, along with the production of condoms, the total price would equate to less than 3 billion a year, easily meeting the needs of this concerning issue.

disease eradication success stories
Disease Eradication Success Stories
  • The WHO (World Health Organization) led efforts which successfully eliminated smallpox through a worldwide immunization program
  • This initiative pattern was used again by a WHO-led coalition to wipe out polio
    • Polio cases dropped from about 350,000 a year in 1988 to less than 700 in 2003
  • Campaign led by Jimmy Carter has nearly eradicated the guinea worm disease
reducing cigarette smoking
Reducing Cigarette Smoking
  • Led by WHO Tobacco Free Initiative
  • Treaty that calls for limiting smoking in public areas, increasing taxes on cigarettes, and stronger health warnings on the packages
basic health care
Basic Health Care
  • A study done by WHO in 2001 found that by providing developing countries with basic health care services in village-level clinics, the world as a whole would gain huge economic benefits
    • Estimated average of $33 Billion a yr through 2015
population groups
Population Groups
  • 2 Groups with projected shrinking populations
    • Declining fertility (33 countries)
    • Increasing Mortality (Lesotho and Swaziland)
  • Group with fertility near replacement level
    • 2.5 Billion people (29 countries)
  • Group with population growth
    • A large group of countries
fertility level projections for 2050
Fertility Level Projections for 2050
  • High- 10.5 bill.
  • Medium- 9.2 bill.
  • Low- reach 1.5

children per couple

(peak at a little over

8 billion in 2042 and

then decline)

Must strive for the low projection if we want to eradicate hunger, poverty, and illiteracy

failing states our responsibility
Failing States: Our Responsibility?
  • Rescuing failing states is important because at some point, this trend could translate into a failing civilization
  • Example of states in the process of being rescued: Liberia and Colombia
  • Liberia: improvements in 2005 with the election of Harvard grad Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
  • Colombia: Improvements made as gov’t gained legitimacy and strong coffee prices
  • U.S. efforts with weak states are mixed
current ideology
Current Ideology
  • U.S.: ‘We need a Department of Global Security’ (DGS)
  • Something that would fashion a coherent policy toward each weak and failing state
  • Threats coming less from military power, more from undermining states (rapid population growth, poverty, deteriorating environmental support systems, etc.)
  • The DGS would incorporate AID and all the various assistance programs currently in other departments, thereby assuming responsibility for U.S. development assistance
  • Funded by the Department of Defense
dgs purpose
DGS purpose:
  • Stabilize population, restore environmental support systems, eradicate poverty, provide universal primary school education
  • Drug trafficking, foreign policies, and private investment to failing states
  • Peace Corps rejuvenated through DGS
poverty eradication agenda and budget
Poverty Eradication Agenda and Budget

Two ways to achieve this goal:

1. Farm Subsidy Reduction:

  • The reform of farm subsidies in aid-giving industrial countries is essential.
  • U.S. farm subsidies depress prices of exports from developing countries. In other words, U.S. tax payers are subsidizing an increase in world hunger.

2. Debt Relief: an essential component to eradicating poverty

  • IE: When sub-Saharan Africa was spending 4x as much on debt servicing as on health care, debt forgiveness was key to increasing living standards
  • Biggest investments: Education and Health
  • Education: Universal primary education and eradication of adult illiteracy
  • Health Care: Interventions to control diseases, starting with childhood vaccinations
discussion questions
Discussion Questions:
  • Is Universal Education a realistic goal? Have we even achieved this goal in the United States?
  • Adult illiteracy predominately afflicts women, is providing literacy training sufficient?
    • Why or Why not?
  • In the midst of America’s national debt, should we be bailing out other failing states?
  • We spent 680 billion dollars in 2010 on our military budget, would this money be better spent on eradicating poverty and stabilizing population?
works cited
Works Cited