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The New e-Science. D avid De Roure. Between 19 th October and 23 rd November 2007 I attended six international meetings related to e-Science Grid 2007 Scientific and Scholarly Workflows e-Social Science 2007 W3C Open Grid Forum Microsoft e-Science This is what I found. 1.

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d avid de roure

The Newe-Science

David De Roure

slide2

Between 19th October and23rd November 2007 I attended sixinternational meetings related to e-Science

Grid 2007Scientific and Scholarly Workflowse-Social Science 2007W3C

Open Grid ForumMicrosoft e-Science

This is what I found

slide3

1

Everyday researchers doing everyday research

  • Not just a specialist few doing heroic science with heroic infrastructure
  • Everyone is mashing up
  • Chemists are blogging the lab
  • People are buying multicore machines and mobile devices
  • The cloud and the “long tail”
slide4

2

A data-centric perspective, like researchers

  • Data is large, rich, complex and real-time
  • There is new value in data, through new digital artefacts and through metadata e.g. context, provenance, workflows
  • This isn’t anti-computation – just design around data
slide5

3

Collaborative and participatory

  • The social process of science revisited in the digital age
  • “Users add value” is the very nature of research
  • e-Science now focuses on publishing as well as consuming
  • Scholarly lifecycle perspective
slide6

4

Benefitting from the scale of digital science activity to support science

  • This is new and powerful!
  • Community intelligence
  • Review
  • Usage informing recommendation
  • e.g. OpenWetWare
  • e.g. myExperiment
slide7

5

Increasingly open

  • ...in terms of scholarly outputs and their reuse
  • Preprints servers and institutional repositories
  • Open journals
  • Open access to data
  • Science Commons
  • Object Reuse & Exchange
slide8

6

Better not Perfect

  • The technologies people are using are not perfect
  • They are better
  • They are easy to use
  • They are chosen by scientists
slide9

7

Empowering researchers

  • The success stories come from the researchers who have learned to use ICT
  • Domain ICT experts are delivering the solutions
  • Anything that takes away autonomy will be resisted
slide10

8

About pervasive computing

  • e-Science is about the intersection of the digital and physical worlds
  • Sensor networks
  • Mobile handheld devices
slide11

Signs of the Times

  • Everyday researchers doing everyday research
  • A data-centric perspective, like researchers
  • Collaborative and participatory
  • Benefitting from the scale of digital science activity to support science
  • Increasingly open
  • Better not Perfect
  • Empowering researchers
  • About pervasive computing
slide12

Onward and Upward

  • e-Science is now enabling researchers to do some completely new stuff!
  • As the individual pieces become easy to use, researchers can bring them together in new ways and ask new questions
  • “The next level”
slide13

The Grid Problem

  • Everyday researchers doing everyday research

BUT heroic infrastructure not being adopted

  • A data-centric perspective, like researchers

BUT Grid gives APIs to computation not data

  • Collaborative and participatory

BUT deeply rooted service provider mindset

  • Better not Perfect

BUT aims to provide well-engineered perfect solution

  • Giving autonomy to researchers

BUT imposes institutional control (at this time)

  • About pervasive computing

BUT about portals and not the next generation of users

e science pipeline
e-Science Pipeline

The Arrow Problem

Applications

Research

CS

Research

EE

Research

Mass

Use by

Researchers

e-Science

bespoketailoring

e-Science

Technology

Creators

& Integrators

Socio-economic&

CommercialInnovation

e-Science

10s ofintegrators

100s ofembeddedconsultants

1000s ofresearchusers

5 years

5 years

5 years

slide15

Web Browser

Mobile phone

iPod

Car

Equipment

PDA

Scientists

Software Companies

SubjectICT experts

applications

workflows

Workflowtools

ecosystem

Computer Scientists

nesc

mashups

SoftwareEngineers

open source

services

Ruby on Rails

Web Services

RESTful APIs

cmd lines

ssh

http

P2P

slide16

For a flourishing ecosystem...

  • It’s about empowerment as well as provision
  • People power
  • Hence usability:
    • Simple interfaces for users
    • Simple interfaces for developers
    • No need for a summer school!
  • Step into user space and look back
  • Computer Scientists as facilitators and problem solvers(?)
slide20

Contact

David De Roure

dder@ecs.soton.ac.uk

Thanks to

Malcolm Atkinson

Geoffrey Fox

Carole Goble

Tony Hey