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Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork Multilateral School Partnerships „ Showing Our World Heritage ” Comenius 2013 - 2015 Italy , 2014 . The city of Malbork is located in Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. Both the castle and the town were named after their saint patron, the

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Presentation Transcript
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Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork MultilateralSchoolPartnerships„ShowingOurWorldHeritage”Comenius 2013 - 2015Italy, 2014

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The city of Malbork islocatedinPomeranianVoivodeshipin Poland.

Both the castle and the townwere named after theirsaintpatron, the

Virgin Mary.Malbork lies on the Nogat River (Vistula'sarm) and is

dominated by a Teutonic 13th centurycastlewhich was

inscribed on UNESCO'sWorldHeritage List in 1997.

The Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork is

the largestcastle in the world by surface area,

and the largest brickbuilding in Europe.

the location of the castle
Thelocation of thecastle

Thedefence center of Malbork was builtin a place of unique natural defensivecapabilities. It was built on the northern end of thenarrowpeninsula, surrounded by thebothsides by theriver Nogat and an extensivemarshyvalley. Only by thesouthsidethereexistedconveniententrance, which was limited by buildingthecentre of defensivewalls and moats.

Thehighestlandmark was locatedin a place of modern High Castle. Hereexactly, in 1278, theTeutonicOrder’sknightsbegunraisingthecastle.

the teutonic knights
TheTeutonicKnights

TheTeutonicKnightsortheTeutonic Order of theHospital of St. Mary inJerusalem, wereknownin Poland as Krzyżacy on account of theblack cross theywore on theirwhitecoats. Establishedin 1190 to protect German pilgrimsinthe Holy Land, the order was latertransformedin order to fightheretics.

In 1226 theTeutonicKnightscame to Chełmno in Poland, invited by Duke Konrad I of Mazovia to convertthepaganPrussians.

TheyconqueredPrussia,

exterminatedthelocals

and founded a state with

Malbork as its capital.

history
History

1278 – 1309

thebuilding of thecastle

In 1278 theTeutonicKnightsstarted to build a castle and an adjacenttown on a high Nogat bank. Within less than 30 years a squareconvent house was completed. When, in 1309, the Grand Master transferred his headquartersfromVenice to Malbork, itbecamethe capital of one of

the most powerful

states on the

Baltic's southern

coast.

1309 1457
1309 - 1457

Theresidence of TeutonicKnights

Malbork Castle, becoming the headquarters of the Grand Master and the Chapter of the Order, received the grand design of sculpture and painting. Castle testified about the power of Order and were supposed to impress guests from Western Europe. In the Castle Museum of Malbork, you can find among others:

  • High Castle
  • St. Anna Chapel
  • Chapterhouse
  • Dormitories
  • Castle Church of the Blessed Virgin

Mary

  • The refectory of the Convention
  • Middle Castle
  • Great Refectory
  • A medieval heating system
  • An exhibition of weapons and armaments
  • The cellars under the Palace of the
  • Grand Masters
  • An exhibition of amber: Halberd Hall
  • Palace of Grand Masters
1457 1772
1457 - 1772

Theresidence of Polishkings

Duringthethirteenyears' war thecomplex was sold to thePolish king – Kazimierz Jagiellończyk by theprize of 660 kilogrammes of gold. On the 7th of June 1457 theemperorwith his company arrived to thecastle.

In 1618, thecastlechurch was takenover by Jesuits and lateritsinside was renovatedinbaroque style.

In 1626, thecastle was attacked and canqered by theSwedisharmy. However, ten yearslatertheoccupantsleftthecomplex and itbecametheresidence of Polishkingsagain.

Therenovatedcastle’sroof was burnt

inthefollowingyears. However, inthe

years of August II’sreignit was

repaired.13th September 1772 the

castle was takenover by Prussians.

later events
Laterevents

Overtakingthecastle by Prussianscausedsignificant deterioration of the castle – almostall of thegothicceilingsweredestroyed, a lot of gates and wallsweredemolished on purpose of gainingtimber. In 1817 there was made a decisionaboutreconstruction of thecastlewhichtookabout 120 years. Duringthesecondworld war about 50% of renovatedcastle was demolished, thereforeaftertheending of theconflict, peoplestartedconsideringdemolition of thewholecomplex.

However, thedecision

was changed and another

reconstruction of thecastlehas

begun. Nowconservatorsalsoare

trying to restoreitsmedivial

apperance.

1997 unesco heritage list
1997UNESCO Heritage List

Malbork Castle, a symbol of power and cultural tradition, is the most important monument to the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights, a unique phenomenon in the history of western civilization. The Castle is at the same time the major material manifestation of the Crusades in eastern Europe, the forced baptism of the Baltic people, and the colonization of their tribal territories, which played a vital role in the history of Europe.

castle s museum
Castle’smuseum

Thecastlein Malbork isopen for tourists, therearealsoorganisatedevents of many kinds:

  • Knight’sbattlesshows;
  • visitthecastleatnight;
  • historicalgames;
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movieadventure;

  • hall rental;
  • visitthecastlewith a Polishor an Englishguide
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Elaboration:

  • Martyna Sobczak, 1d
  • Agata Bielenica, 1d
  • Julia Zamojska, 1c
  • Cooperation:
  • Małgorzata Kosińska - Project coordinator, Englishteacher (text & translation)
  • Bogumiła Bajbak- Ąrtteacher (project)
  • Nicolaus Copernicus Middle School
  • no. 2. in Olecko

Sources:

  • www.en.wikipedia.org
  • www.malbork7.pl
  • www.zamek.malbork.pl
  • www.zamek.malbork.com.pl
  • www.malbork.naszemiasto.pl
  • www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malbork_Castle
  • www.youtube.com/watch?v=gN1_-_m7ysA
  • www.youtube.com/watch?v=2DrXgj1NwN8