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Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork Multilateral School Partnerships „ Showing Our World Heritage ” Comenius 2013 - 2015 Italy , 2014 . The city of Malbork is located in Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. Both the castle and the town were named after their saint patron, the
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Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork MultilateralSchoolPartnerships„ShowingOurWorldHeritage”Comenius 2013 - 2015Italy, 2014
Both the castle and the townwere named after theirsaintpatron, the
Virgin Mary.Malbork lies on the Nogat River (Vistula'sarm) and is
dominated by a Teutonic 13th centurycastlewhich was
inscribed on UNESCO'sWorldHeritage List in 1997.
The Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork is
the largestcastle in the world by surface area,
and the largest brickbuilding in Europe.
Thedefence center of Malbork was builtin a place of unique natural defensivecapabilities. It was built on the northern end of thenarrowpeninsula, surrounded by thebothsides by theriver Nogat and an extensivemarshyvalley. Only by thesouthsidethereexistedconveniententrance, which was limited by buildingthecentre of defensivewalls and moats.
Thehighestlandmark was locatedin a place of modern High Castle. Hereexactly, in 1278, theTeutonicOrder’sknightsbegunraisingthecastle.
TheTeutonicKnightsortheTeutonic Order of theHospital of St. Mary inJerusalem, wereknownin Poland as Krzyżacy on account of theblack cross theywore on theirwhitecoats. Establishedin 1190 to protect German pilgrimsinthe Holy Land, the order was latertransformedin order to fightheretics.
In 1226 theTeutonicKnightscame to Chełmno in Poland, invited by Duke Konrad I of Mazovia to convertthepaganPrussians.
and founded a state with
Malbork as its capital.
1278 – 1309
thebuilding of thecastle
In 1278 theTeutonicKnightsstarted to build a castle and an adjacenttown on a high Nogat bank. Within less than 30 years a squareconvent house was completed. When, in 1309, the Grand Master transferred his headquartersfromVenice to Malbork, itbecamethe capital of one of
the most powerful
states on the
Theresidence of TeutonicKnights
Malbork Castle, becoming the headquarters of the Grand Master and the Chapter of the Order, received the grand design of sculpture and painting. Castle testified about the power of Order and were supposed to impress guests from Western Europe. In the Castle Museum of Malbork, you can find among others:
Theresidence of Polishkings
Duringthethirteenyears' war thecomplex was sold to thePolish king – Kazimierz Jagiellończyk by theprize of 660 kilogrammes of gold. On the 7th of June 1457 theemperorwith his company arrived to thecastle.
In 1618, thecastlechurch was takenover by Jesuits and lateritsinside was renovatedinbaroque style.
In 1626, thecastle was attacked and canqered by theSwedisharmy. However, ten yearslatertheoccupantsleftthecomplex and itbecametheresidence of Polishkingsagain.
Therenovatedcastle’sroof was burnt
inthefollowingyears. However, inthe
years of August II’sreignit was
repaired.13th September 1772 the
castle was takenover by Prussians.
Overtakingthecastle by Prussianscausedsignificant deterioration of the castle – almostall of thegothicceilingsweredestroyed, a lot of gates and wallsweredemolished on purpose of gainingtimber. In 1817 there was made a decisionaboutreconstruction of thecastlewhichtookabout 120 years. Duringthesecondworld war about 50% of renovatedcastle was demolished, thereforeaftertheending of theconflict, peoplestartedconsideringdemolition of thewholecomplex.
was changed and another
reconstruction of thecastlehas
trying to restoreitsmedivial
Malbork Castle, a symbol of power and cultural tradition, is the most important monument to the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights, a unique phenomenon in the history of western civilization. The Castle is at the same time the major material manifestation of the Crusades in eastern Europe, the forced baptism of the Baltic people, and the colonization of their tribal territories, which played a vital role in the history of Europe.
Thecastlein Malbork isopen for tourists, therearealsoorganisatedevents of many kinds: