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Adaptive Technology
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  1. Adaptive Technology CIS105

  2. Topics • Disability and Access • Legislative overview • Examples of assistive technology • Hands-on Lab using assistive technology • Research and report on assistive technology

  3. Disability – Worldwide Issue • 550 million persons with disabilities worldwide • Compared to US population of 301 million • Jaeger (2005) • 15% have had disability since birth • Rest are due to injuries, health, and aging population

  4. Access Accommodations • Access – the ability to participate equally in ways that are not constrained by physical or mental limitations. • Physical access to places and objects,such as key pads used to pay with credit card. • Intellectual access to ideas and information including Internet resources.

  5. Legislative Overview • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) • Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act (Tech Act) • Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act • Slides with additional information to follow…

  6. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act • All children with disabilities are entitled to a free public education • Children with disabilities must be provided appropriate assistive technology

  7. Americanswith Disabilities Act (ADA) • Provides civil rights protection against discrimination • Mandates accessibility and accommodation requirements in public: • Facilities • Employment • State and local government services • Transportation • Communication

  8. Technology-Related Assistance forIndividuals with Disabilities Act • Provides federal funds to assist states in developing easily available, consumer-responsive systems to access to assistive technology, technology services, and information. • Provides a standard definition of assistive technology – “Any tool or item that increases, maintains, or improves functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities” • Includes high-tech, low-tech, and no-tech devices

  9. Section508 of the Rehabilitation Act • Requires federal government to provide equal access to and use of information and communication technologies. • Established accessibility requirements for software applications, operating systems, Web-based information and applications, telecommunications products, video and multimedia programs, and computers.

  10. Assistive Technology Examples • Accessible technologies also frequently benefit people beyond those that the technologies were originally designed to help. For example scanners, close-captioning, keyboard shortcuts, voice-activated software. • Screen Readers and Speech Recognition • Refreshable Braille Displays • Alternative Keyboards

  11. Screen Readers and Speech Recognition

  12. Braille Output

  13. Alternative Keyboards

  14. Hands-on Lab and Research • Refer back to the Adaptive Technology Assignment sheet for details… • Adaptive Technology Assignment – Research and report on assistive technology: www.abilityhub.com • Windows Hands-On Lab using • Magnifier • Narrator • On-Screen Keyboard

  15. Diversity Infusion Program • Research for this project made possible by the Diversity Infusion Program (2007):www.maricopa.edu/diversityinfusion/ • Additional Diversity Resources: www.maricopa.edu/diversityinfusion/RESOURCE.HTM • Program Director, Dr. Bonnie A. Gray:www.scottsdalecc.edu/gray/artnlinks.html

  16. References • Ability Hub, www.abilityhub.com • Alliance for Technology Access, Computer Resources for People with Disabilities, 1994, Hunter House Inc., Alameda, CA. • U.S. Department of Justice, Americans with Disabilities Act, www.ada.gov • American Psychological Association, APA Monitor, Disability as Diversity: A Guide for Classroom Discussion, v 29, n 2, February 1998, www.apa.org/monitor/feb98/diverse.html • Fleischer, Doris Zames, The Disability Rights Movement: From Charity to Confrontation, 2001, Temple University Press, Philadelphia, PA. • Jaeger, Paul T. & Bowman, Cynthia Ann, Understanding Disability: Inclusion, Access, Diversity, and Civil Rights, 2005, Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT.