YOUTH CULTURE. Contexts to be considered . Affluence: the increased importance of the market and consumption → the rise of ‘teenage consumers’ The rise of mass culture: the growth of the press, radio, mass publishing, and TV.
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Affluence: the increased importance of the market and consumption → the rise of ‘teenage consumers’
The rise of mass culture: the growth of the press, radio, mass publishing, and TV.
The disruptive effects of the Second World War: the disruptions of family life → juvenile delinquency
Education: changes in education → the emergence of an “adolescent society”
The historical organization, development and significance of leisure: movements like the Boy Scouts.
The establishment of ‘remaja’ as a new concept of youth
Before the New Order regime, youth was associated with heroism in the service to the nation.
During the Japanese occupation, ‘pemuda’ were mobilised for the Japan’s war propaganda.
In the period of the Revolution, the bravery of youth in armed resistance against Dutch was glorified in historical narratives about the period.
Sukarno constructed youth as being revolutionary