BR #16 – Sept 27th The European practice of Chivalry emphasized the traits of bravery, loyalty and courageous actions as the ideal path for a knight to follow. Why would a knight submit to following a path of such personal sacrifice? What are some ways in which chivalry is present in today’s world?
Today’s Learning Goal: • Describe knighthood, the code of chivalry, the role(s) of medieval women • Understand the structure of the Church and power struggles of the Middle Ages
The rise of the Knight • Horse mounted warriors in high demand • Nobles create private armies of knights • Knights get fiefs- devote lives to war • Code of Chivalry • Loyalty to lord, God and woman
The life of a knight • Page- 7-14 • Weapons, horse riding, manners • Squire- 14-21 • Assisted a knight • Knight- 21+ • Tournaments and jousts • Battles and sieges
Protecting the Manor Types of Weaponry • Offensive weapons • Bow & Arrow • Catapults • Battering ram • Defensive weapons • Draw bridges • Hot water • Tortoise (moving house) • Mantlet (shields)
The lighter side to Feudalism • Literature • Epic poems • Song of Roland • Troubadours • traveling poets • Noblewomen • Held some power • Mostly stayed at home • Peasant women • Nearly powerless • Skills passed from mother to daughter
Church Structure • Canon Law • All Christians subject to this law regarding all aspects of life • Punishable by: • Excommunication • Interdict
Sacraments of the Church • Baptism • Reconciliation • First Holy Communion • Confirmation • Matrimony • Holy orders • Healing for the sick/Last Rites • These will become important as Popes and Emperors fight • Emperors will assert power Popes will punish • Ex. Lay investiture