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Adjetivos

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Adjetivos. Adjectives are frequently descriptive. That is, most often adjectives are used to describe a noun, or distinguish the noun from a group of similar objects. For example, an adjective might describe the color of an object. the red pen the blue pen.

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Presentation Transcript
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Adjectives are frequently descriptive. That is, most often adjectives are used to describe a noun, or distinguish the noun from a group of similar objects. For example, an adjective might describe the color of an object.
  • the red penthe blue pen
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In Spanish, most adjectives change form, depending upon whether the word they modify is masculine or feminine. Notice the difference between "the tall boy" and "the tall girl."
  • el chico altola chica alta
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Adjectives also change form depending upon whether the word they modify is singular or plural. Notice the difference between "the tall boy" and "the tall boys" ; "the tall girl" and "the tall girls."

el chico altolos chicos altos

la chica altalas chicas altas

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Many common adjectives end in -o. These adjectives have four forms. The following words all mean "tall":
  • altoaltaaltosaltas
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The correct form of the adjective depends upon the noun it modifies. Is the noun masculine or feminine? Singular or plural?
  • libro rojored bookpluma rojared penlibros rojosred booksplumas rojasred pens
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Notice how the endings of the nouns and these adjectives are similar.
  • libro rojopluma rojalibros rojosplumas rojas
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Adjectives that end in -e also change form for singular or plural. To form the plural, simply add -s.
  • la chica inteligentelas chicas inteligentes
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Adjectives that end in -e do not, however, change form for masculine or feminine.
  • la chica inteligenteel chico inteligentelas chicas inteligenteslos chicos inteligentes
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Similarly, most adjectives that end in a consonant do change form for singular or plural, but do not change for masculine or feminine. To form the plural, add -es.
  • la chica popularel chico popularlas chicas populareslos chicos populares
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Let's review.
  • Adjectives that end in -o have four forms: alto, alta, altos, altas
  • Adjectives that end in -e have two forms: inteligente, inteligentes
  • Most adjectives that end in a consonant have two forms: popular, populares (form plural by adding -es)
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A. Choose the correct form of the adjective.
  • rojoHay una pluma _____ encima de la mesa.

rojorojarojosrojas

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3. pequeñoHay tres libros _____ en la bolsa. pequeñopequeñapequeñospequeñas
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10. simpáticoMuchas personas _____ viven en Latino América. simpáticosimpáticasimpáticossimpáticas
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