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953-964 Analyze excerpts from speeches about government by Mussolini , Hitler and Stalin. PowerPoint Presentation
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953-964 Analyze excerpts from speeches about government by Mussolini , Hitler and Stalin. Describe Joseph Stalin’s rise to power as a dictator in the USSR. Analyzing Primary Sources:. Read and briefly summarize the main points of your assigned document.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

953-964

      • Analyze excerpts from speeches about
      • government by Mussolini, Hitler and Stalin.
      • Describe Joseph Stalin’s rise to power as a
      • dictator in the USSR.
analyzing primary sources
Analyzing Primary Sources:

Read and briefly summarize the main points of your assigned document.

  • 1. Mussolini – “Philosophy of Fascists”
  • 2. Hitler – “Munich Speech”
  • 3. Stalin – “The Need for Progress”*
    • *(4. Lenin – “Deathbed Warning”)
authoritarian states
Authoritarian States
  • Conservative Authoritarianism
    • Traditional style governments opposed any and all changes
    • Preserve their power and status quo using repressive measures
      • Used obedient bureaucracies, policy forces and the army
      • Democracy was limited only to their natural allies (landowners, church officials, bureaucrats)
    • Did NOT seek to control daily lives of their subjects
      • Example = Russia’s Catherine the Great; Austria’s Metternich
    • Revival after WWI in Eastern Europe = Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Baltic Republics AND in Spain, Portugal…
authoritarian states1
Authoritarian States
  • Radical Totalitarian Dictatorships
    • Emerged by the 1930s as “totalitarian” in that the regime controlled ALL institutions, ALL aspects of citizens lives.
    • Example = Communism in Soviet Union (Stalin)

= Nazism in Germany (Hitler)

= Fascism in Italy (Mussolini)

authoritarian states2
Authoritarian States
  • Characteristics of Radical Totalitarian Dictatorships:
    • used modern technology
    • forced full support of all classes, not just the elite
    • held complete “total” political, social, economic, cultural power
    • in a state of permanent “revolution” where government always has a new goal to achieve.
    • departure from liberalism, sought to use violence to maintain control, regardless of individual rights.
    • Differences existed between forms of RTD’s
      • Soviet Communism – seized private property, crushed the middle class.
      • German Fascism (Nazi Party) – anti-socialist, allied with capitalists and landowners.
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Stalin’s Rise To Power

  • Chaos of Russian Civil War and Lenin’s
  • N.E.P. showed a potential problem
  • with Communism.
  • 1924 Lenin died, rivalry between Stalin
  • and Leon Trotsky = Stalin wins by 1928
  • and controls the Communist Central
  • Committee which controlled the state.
slide10

“Doctored

Photograph”

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Stalin’s Soviet Union

  • Industry: Five Year Plan
    • Established quota system for
    • industry to modernize in 1928
    • Ended N.E.P. (too capitalistic)
  • Agriculture: Collectivization
    • Blamed peasants for earlier
    • revolution, so forced them onto
    • “collective” farms – liquidated the
    • Kulaks.
  • Success or failure?
    • Five Year Plans succeeded,
    • but the Collectives failed.
slide12

Stalin’s Soviet Union

  • Stalin’s impact on society
    • Standard of living declined
    • Provided social welfare programs
    • Women’s rights broadened
    • Used secret police to conduct
    • “Purges” to keep total control.