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Special Education perspectives : Policy, funding, and the future

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  1. Special Education perspectives: Policy, funding, and the future OSEP Project Directors’ Conference Washington, DC – July 2013

  2. Today’s Agenda • Election 2012 • Education Legislation • Teacher Evaluation • ESRA Reauthorization • Budget • UNCRPD

  3. Election 2012 Who did we elect?

  4. This seat is taken…

  5. Election 2012: What did we learn? The times they are a changing…

  6. Overview of 2012 Election Demography Race and Gender Obama’s share of the white vote shrank, but the overall number of white voters also shrank. Women: Obama 55% LGBT: Obama 76% African American: Obama 93% Hispanic: Obama 71% Asian: Obama 73% White: Romney 59%

  7. Young people voted • 18-29 Obama 60% • 30-44 Obama 52% • 45-64 Romney 51% • 65+ Romney 56% Voters under age 30 were 19% of the electorate. 1% > 2008 Pew Research Center, Nov. 26, 2012

  8. Source: buzzfeed.com

  9. Education legislation

  10. ESEA • IDEA • Workforce Investment Act (WIA) • CCDBG (17 years overdue!!) • Education Sciences Reform Act • Higher Education Act

  11. Legislation/Reauthorization Has the process stalled???

  12. Teacher evaluation

  13. Policymakers: A Shift in Focus Highly Qualified Highly Effective Outputs Inputs

  14. Policy Movers … 41 State Applications Proposed Changes to Teacher Evaluation systems Race to the Top Private Investment of $45 Million in Several Pilot Districts Gates Foundation: MET Study Now States are working it out.

  15. System Components Complex Role Measure Evidence-Based Practice Recognize Professionalism Incorporate Research Components of Special Education Teacher Evaluations

  16. Teacher Evaluation Systems Shall: • All educators must be included in one evaluation system. • Evaluation systems must identify appropriate professional development opportunities for teachers based on the results of their evaluations. • Evaluations must support continuous improvement. • Evaluation processes and all measures of teacher effectiveness must be open and transparent to the teacher being evaluated. Include Fundamental System-Wide Components 37

  17. Teacher Evaluation Systems Shall: • Evaluations must clearly identify and be based on a special education teacher’s specific role and responsibilities during a given school year. • Evaluations must take into account the population of children and youth and their range of exceptionalities that special education teachers instruct. • Evaluations must be conducted by evaluators with expertise related to evidence-based service delivery models and individualized teaching practices and interventions in special education. Identify the Complex Role of the Special Education Teacher 38

  18. Teacher Evaluation Systems Shall: • Evaluations must be based on multiple reliable measures and indicators that support valid measurement of special education teacher effectiveness. • Evaluations should never be based solely on student growth. • Statistical models that estimate a teacher’s contribution to student growth, such as value-added models, should not be applied to any teacher until there is a general consensus among researchers that the model provides a valid estimate of a teacher’s contribution to student growth. Measure the Use of Evidence-Based Practices 39

  19. Value Added Measurement (VAM)

  20. Use of IEP Multiple indicators of special education teacher effectiveness may include … IEP development and implementation. Evaluations should not use a student’s progress on their goals, objectives, and benchmarks in the IEP as a measure of a special education teacher’s contribution to student growth. 41

  21. Education Sciences Reform Act

  22. CEC’s ESRA Recommendations

  23. Over 260 NCSER Projects

  24. Federal Budget What can we expect??

  25. Federal Budget FY 2012

  26. FY 2012 US DOE Budget

  27. SuperCommittee FAILURE

  28. New York Times Article 12/5/11 • A Democrat involved in the negotiations said: “We made a reasonable offer and got nothing in return. We got naked in the room. Republicans are standing there in overcoats, hats and gloves and are toasty warm.” • A Republican aide, said a few days later: • “We showed some leg. The Democrats want us to get completely naked.”

  29. What is Sequestration?? Half Cuts to Defense Half Cuts to - Non Discretionary Health, Education, Labor

  30. Sequestration = Largest Education Cuts Ever! • FY 13 = fixed percentage across-the-board (ATB) cuts. • $2.5 billion CUT from ED Dept of Ed • Over $600 million cut to IDEA, Special Ed Research • Head Start cut $401 million • FY 14-21 – will not be the Across the Board cut; just a further lowering of discretionary caps

  31. FY 13 Impact of Sequestration 39

  32. Sequestration = Full Funding Plunges to 14.5%

  33. Public sees budget negotiations as “Ridiculous”, “Disgusting” and “Stupid.”August 1, 2011, Pew Research Center.

  34. FY 2013: Where did we end up? Change Total Amount

  35. President’s Budget – FY 2014

  36. President’s Budget – FY 2014 • Overall discretionary ED spending would increase by $3.1 billion compared to FY 12 (+4.5%). • Rejects Sequestration • ESEA = +$783 million (+3.3%) • Excludes RTTT since all funding proposed for higher ed • Preschool =+$750 million (new) • Special Ed = +$18.6 million (+0.1%) • Career/Technical/Adult Ed = +$13 million (+0.7%) • Student Financial Aid = +$150 million (+0.6%) • Higher Education = +$1.31 billion (+58.2%) • IES = +$77.4 million (+13.0%)

  37. Special Education - IDEA • IDEA State Grants frozen • Federal share of average per pupil expenditure (APPE) fell to 14.9% in FY 13 due to the sequester cuts. • Lowest level since FY 2001! • President's Budget restores sequester cut but freezes at FY 12 level. • Federal share = 15.4% • Preschool State Grants are frozen. • IDEA grants for infants and families = +$20 million (+4.5%) • National activities cut by $1.4 million (-0.6%).

  38. 2014: Where are we now? A Budget Resolution PASSED both Chambers, but not the same one … House Senate $965 Billion $1.085 Trillion -18.6%

  39. Senate Appropriations Committee Action: July 2013 Pre-sequestration Levels and some increases!

  40. CNN Poll conducted by ORC International during November 16-18, 2012