Special Education perspectives: Policy, funding, and the future OSEP Project Directors’ Conference Washington, DC – July 2013
Today’s Agenda • Election 2012 • Education Legislation • Teacher Evaluation • ESRA Reauthorization • Budget • UNCRPD
Election 2012 Who did we elect?
Election 2012: What did we learn? The times they are a changing…
Overview of 2012 Election Demography Race and Gender Obama’s share of the white vote shrank, but the overall number of white voters also shrank. Women: Obama 55% LGBT: Obama 76% African American: Obama 93% Hispanic: Obama 71% Asian: Obama 73% White: Romney 59%
Young people voted • 18-29 Obama 60% • 30-44 Obama 52% • 45-64 Romney 51% • 65+ Romney 56% Voters under age 30 were 19% of the electorate. 1% > 2008 Pew Research Center, Nov. 26, 2012
ESEA • IDEA • Workforce Investment Act (WIA) • CCDBG (17 years overdue!!) • Education Sciences Reform Act • Higher Education Act
Legislation/Reauthorization Has the process stalled???
Policymakers: A Shift in Focus Highly Qualified Highly Effective Outputs Inputs
Policy Movers … 41 State Applications Proposed Changes to Teacher Evaluation systems Race to the Top Private Investment of $45 Million in Several Pilot Districts Gates Foundation: MET Study Now States are working it out.
System Components Complex Role Measure Evidence-Based Practice Recognize Professionalism Incorporate Research Components of Special Education Teacher Evaluations
Teacher Evaluation Systems Shall: • All educators must be included in one evaluation system. • Evaluation systems must identify appropriate professional development opportunities for teachers based on the results of their evaluations. • Evaluations must support continuous improvement. • Evaluation processes and all measures of teacher effectiveness must be open and transparent to the teacher being evaluated. Include Fundamental System-Wide Components 37
Teacher Evaluation Systems Shall: • Evaluations must clearly identify and be based on a special education teacher’s specific role and responsibilities during a given school year. • Evaluations must take into account the population of children and youth and their range of exceptionalities that special education teachers instruct. • Evaluations must be conducted by evaluators with expertise related to evidence-based service delivery models and individualized teaching practices and interventions in special education. Identify the Complex Role of the Special Education Teacher 38
Teacher Evaluation Systems Shall: • Evaluations must be based on multiple reliable measures and indicators that support valid measurement of special education teacher effectiveness. • Evaluations should never be based solely on student growth. • Statistical models that estimate a teacher’s contribution to student growth, such as value-added models, should not be applied to any teacher until there is a general consensus among researchers that the model provides a valid estimate of a teacher’s contribution to student growth. Measure the Use of Evidence-Based Practices 39
Value Added Measurement (VAM)
Use of IEP Multiple indicators of special education teacher effectiveness may include … IEP development and implementation. Evaluations should not use a student’s progress on their goals, objectives, and benchmarks in the IEP as a measure of a special education teacher’s contribution to student growth. 41
Federal Budget What can we expect??
New York Times Article 12/5/11 • A Democrat involved in the negotiations said: “We made a reasonable offer and got nothing in return. We got naked in the room. Republicans are standing there in overcoats, hats and gloves and are toasty warm.” • A Republican aide, said a few days later: • “We showed some leg. The Democrats want us to get completely naked.”
What is Sequestration?? Half Cuts to Defense Half Cuts to - Non Discretionary Health, Education, Labor
Sequestration = Largest Education Cuts Ever! • FY 13 = fixed percentage across-the-board (ATB) cuts. • $2.5 billion CUT from ED Dept of Ed • Over $600 million cut to IDEA, Special Ed Research • Head Start cut $401 million • FY 14-21 – will not be the Across the Board cut; just a further lowering of discretionary caps
Public sees budget negotiations as “Ridiculous”, “Disgusting” and “Stupid.”August 1, 2011, Pew Research Center.
FY 2013: Where did we end up? Change Total Amount
President’s Budget – FY 2014 • Overall discretionary ED spending would increase by $3.1 billion compared to FY 12 (+4.5%). • Rejects Sequestration • ESEA = +$783 million (+3.3%) • Excludes RTTT since all funding proposed for higher ed • Preschool =+$750 million (new) • Special Ed = +$18.6 million (+0.1%) • Career/Technical/Adult Ed = +$13 million (+0.7%) • Student Financial Aid = +$150 million (+0.6%) • Higher Education = +$1.31 billion (+58.2%) • IES = +$77.4 million (+13.0%)
Special Education - IDEA • IDEA State Grants frozen • Federal share of average per pupil expenditure (APPE) fell to 14.9% in FY 13 due to the sequester cuts. • Lowest level since FY 2001! • President's Budget restores sequester cut but freezes at FY 12 level. • Federal share = 15.4% • Preschool State Grants are frozen. • IDEA grants for infants and families = +$20 million (+4.5%) • National activities cut by $1.4 million (-0.6%).
2014: Where are we now? A Budget Resolution PASSED both Chambers, but not the same one … House Senate $965 Billion $1.085 Trillion -18.6%
Senate Appropriations Committee Action: July 2013 Pre-sequestration Levels and some increases!