Social 20-1 Related Issue 4 Lesson Plans (Overarching Values and Attitudes Outcomes) Knowledge Outcome Focussed Lessons
Social Studies 20-1 Course Students will: evaluate to what extent we should embrace nationalism Related Issue 4 To what extent should individuals and groups in Canada embrace a national identity? (Students will assess strategies for negotiating the complexities of nationalism within the Canadian context). Values and Attitude Outcomes 4.1 appreciate historical and contemporary attempts to develop a national identity (I, TCC, C) 4.2 appreciate contrasting historical and contemporary narratives associated with national identity (I, C, TCC) 4.3 respect the views of others on alternative visions of national identity (I, C)
To what extent should we embrace nationalism? (OPTIONAL Final Project) • Introduction (Why the question is important? The various positions that can be taken. Statement of your position on the issue.) • Arguments (Body – Middle paragraphs) • Identity as part of Nation (Unit One) • Pursuit of National Interests (Unit Two) • Pursuit of Internationalism (Unit Three) • Embracing National Identity (Unit Four) • Conclusion (Restate your position and arguments briefly)
http://web.library.emory.edu/subjects/humanities/history/Nationalism/Nationalism.jpghttp://web.library.emory.edu/subjects/humanities/history/Nationalism/Nationalism.jpg http://www.penguinbooksindia.com/upload/Nationalism.jpg http://www.sfcb.org/50books/large/612_063-NationalismAndMargins.jpg Social Studies 20-1 Course Students will: evaluate to what extent we should embrace nationalism Related Issue 4 To what extent should individuals and groups in Canada embrace a national identity? (Students will assess strategies for negotiating the complexities of nationalism within the Canadian context). Knowledge Outcome 4.4 explore multiple perspectives on national identity in Canada (I, C, LPP)
Images from Previous Slide • What does each image tell you about the image of Canada those who commissioned it wanted to convey? • Can a single poster or image provide enough information about a country or people to represent everyone? Should it be required to do this? What elements of Canadian identity do you believe have been left out of each poster? • To what extent do you think the posters show a real, imagined, or purposely fabricated view of Canadian identity? • Do any of the images match your vision of Canada? If so, how? If not, what image(s) would you include on a poster advertising Canada?
What is Canada? • Canada is..... • A nation with a collective identity and a sense of belonging among its people • A nation-state • A sovereign state • A multicultural nation • A bilingual nation • A religious and political plural nation
What is Canada? • Mike Myers • Canadians are best described as “not being” something else • “Canada is the essence of not being. Not English, not American, it is the mathematic of not being.” • Susan Delacourt • “Bilingualism, multiculturalism, and religious and political pluralism are all part of the complicated mix that we call Canadian society . . . To be Canadian means to be willing to shrug off your own identity so you can imagine what it’s like to be someone else.”“A complicated mix of societal values”
Visions of Canada • Geography • Natural aspects • “Taming” the wild • “Survival” • Vast, open • From “sea to sea” • Unified • Diefenbaker, “I have one love-Canada; one purpose-Canada’s greatness; one aim-Canadian Unity” • Canada as a civic-nation, people are Canadian regardless of their individual identities
Visions of Canada • Pluralistic and Multicultural • Bilingual and multicultural • Diversity is identity • Respect and encouragement for difference • Cultural mosiac • Communities and Nations • Joe Clark, “Gov’ts make nations work by recognizing that we are fundamentally a community of communities” • Stephen Harper, “Quebec is a nation within a unified Canada” • Many national identities coexist within Canada
Visions of Canadian Identity • Some claim beliefs, values, and traditions in Canada are different from other countries. • Some claim that there is no Canadian Identity, there is a nation-state called Canada, but the geographical size and cultural diversity means that Canadians have little in common and thus a Canadian nation does not exist. • Margaret Atwood’s Themes of Canada OPTIONAL(Read Handout Canadian Themes of Margaret Atwood)
Some More Visions of Canada • Canada’s open spaces, climate, small population, and its northern location defines Canada • Canada is Canada (a civic nation that creates unity) • Diversity is Canada (Multiculturalism is Canada – We are a mosaic of ethnicities, cultures, languages, regions) • Communities create Canada (Quebecois, Maritimes, the West)
Discussion and Questions • Does the existence of many differing visions of Canadian identity mean that trying to define Canada’s identity is an exercise in futility? • “It is not the answer that enlightens, but the question.” -From Découvertes (Finding) (1969) by Eugène Ionesco • Complete the Reflect and Respond below.
http://web.library.emory.edu/subjects/humanities/history/Nationalism/Nationalism.jpghttp://web.library.emory.edu/subjects/humanities/history/Nationalism/Nationalism.jpg http://www.penguinbooksindia.com/upload/Nationalism.jpg http://www.sfcb.org/50books/large/612_063-NationalismAndMargins.jpg Social Studies 20-1 Course Students will: evaluate to what extent we should embrace nationalism Related Issue 4 To what extent should individuals and groups in Canada embrace a national identity? (Students will assess strategies for negotiating the complexities of nationalism within the Canadian context). Knowledge Outcome 4.5 analyze methods used by individuals, groups and governments in Canada to promote a national identity (symbolism, mythology, institutions, government programs and initiatives) (I, C, LPP)
Canadian Flag Committee-1964 • Lester B. Pearson suggested finally adopting a design for a distinctly Canadian flag • Was this a good idea? • What were we using as a flag before this? • What should a flag do? • What are the problems associated with picking a flag?
Canadian Flag Proposals • The following are some of the proposals that were submitted by Canadians of all walks of life to be our national flag • These are the REAL, hand-drawn suggestions that Canadians sent in, and their REAL rationales! • Write down symbols of Canadian nationalism that are represented in each of the submissions you see • How do they differ from one another? • What distinctive features of nationalism are represented in each one?
Canadian Red Ensign • Used up until 1965 and for a large portion of Canadian history
Canadian Flag Proposals • A project for a Canadian flag showing our origins and representing our different ethnical groups; WHY NOT?
Canadian Flag Proposals • RED: The colour of the maple leaf is the red of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police ceremonial tunic, representing Justice and The Rule of Law. WHITE: The white circle symbolizes The World, representing the many lands whence our varied peoples have come. BLUE: The United Nations blue background represents Canada's general awareness of her increasing international obligations. It emphasizes her faith and willingness to participate in world councils whose aims are peace, human progress and the brotherhood of all men.
Canadian Flag Proposals • Distinctive. Suggesting clarity and vigour. Transcending all divisive 'blocs.' "Blessed are the peacemakers."
Canadian Flag Proposals • This design incorporates the symbols of the two founding races of Canada, but above all we are Canadians, and this is represented by the Maple Leaf.
Canadian Flag Proposals • Blue Bars - "Sea to Sea"; Golden Yellow Background - Grain Fields of the Prairies; Maple Leaf - Symbol of all provinces; Beaver - A National Emblem, also a Dedication to Lord Beaverbrook.
Canadian Flag Proposals • United by both crosses appealing to us by reaching, and circle shows togetherness. 10 Maple Leafs could be placed on blue bars, 5 on each side or all ten on one (for Provinces). Symbol looks good with or without blue bars.
Canadian Flag Proposals • enclose what looks like a sensible flag for internal use in Canada. It is not cumulative like that of the U.S.A. It is simple so that a child can draw it. It has colours to please both French and British. White represents the frozen north and purity; Red, a mature colour; Blue for fidelity, and oceans if you like. The red ensign should be retained for air and sea use! The Union Jack should not be scrapped! A flag that represents the polyglot that is Canada today is need for unity. One leaf, one disc, and one colour surrounding it. It smacks of Canada, and only Canada. • The old cliche that there is strength in unity still holds today, and we should all do our best to show the world that Canadians can live together peacefully, successfully, and with high respect and tolerance for each other's ways.
Canadian Flag Proposals • The top green strip portrays in the background the Rocky Mountains of the West and the Laurentians of the East....The second strip of yellow gold depicts the growing grain for which Canada is famous...The third strip describes untold numbers of rivers and thousands of lakes...the Atlantic, the Pacific and the Arctic....The coats of arms of the ten provinces which make up Canada are in the shape of an arc and depicts its beginning and origin. Even the shape of the arc has a meaning - freedom, better life and individualism for all those who want to make Canada their new country.
Canadian Flag Proposals Colours: Azure blue of our skies....White: typically emblematic of Canada is the immensurable expanse of snow, some of it eternal, covering our entire territory up to our remote North Pole. Hence, Snow White should have the largest space in our new flag. Red: the emblematic red on this flag symbolizes "Love and Courage" or again "Love and Valiance."Star: the Polar star, or North star.
Canadian Flag Proposals • The “Pearson Pennant” • Favoured design of Prime Minister Pearson • Maple Leafs=symbol of Canada, White=peace, Blue Bars=Sea to Sea
PROJECT 4Keep in Mind the Diversity of Canadians • urban mayor/councillor • Council of Canadians member • representative from the Dominion Institute • representative from the Parkland Institute • contemporary religious leader (Christian, Jewish, Muslim, other) • members of various visible/invisible minority groups • feminist • person with a disability • Canadian living abroad or having travelled extensively. • leader of an Aboriginal community • Canadian international business leader • Francophone living outside of Québec • Francophone living in Québec • Acadian • Maritimer • Westerner • African Canadian • recent immigrant • Ontarian • rural mayor/reeve
Key Points to Explore in Assignment Explored multiple perspectives on national identity in Canada Analyzed possible methods to be used or already being used by individuals, groups and governments in Canada to promote a national identity (e.g. symbolism, mythology, institutions, government programs and initiatives) Examined the historical perspectives/impact of Canada as a nation Evaluated the challenges and opportunities associated with the promotion of Canadian national unity in regards to the diversity of Canadians Developed and evaluated various perspectives of future visions of Canada (pluralism, multination model, separatism, Aboriginal self-determination, global leadership, North American integration)
Promoting National Identity Through Symbols, Myths, Institutions • Six String Nation Guitar at the Mint CLIP • Why might the nickname “Voyageur” have been chosen for the guitar? • Are there any pieces you do not recognize? If so, does this make these pieces less relevant or significant? • Would a non-Canadian recognize the guitar’s elements as symbols of Canada? • If you were choosing pieces for the guitar, what would you pick? We will discuss your answers as a class.
An Australian’s Definition of a Canadian • Examine the handout • This is a chain letter/chain email that was sent around. • Pay particular attention to this statement: • “You probably missed it in the local news, but there was a report that someone in Pakistan had advertised in a newspaper an offer of a reward to anyone who killed a Canadian - any Canadian.” • This is not an accurate statement, yet another example of propaganda.
Canadian Idiot • Sure they got their national health care • Cheaper meds, low crime rates and clean air • Then again well they got Celine Dion • Eat their weight in Kraft macaroni • And dream of drivin' a Zamboni • All over Saskatchewan • Don't wanna be a Canadian idiot • Won't figure out their temperature in Celsius • See the map, they're hoverin' right over us • Tell you the truth, it makes me kinda nervous • Always hear the same kind of story • Break their nose and they'll just say "sorry" • Tell me what kind of freaks are that polite? • It's gotta mean they're all up to somethin' • So quick, before they see it comin' • Time for a pre-emptive strike! Don't wanna be a Canadian idiot Don't wanna be some beer swillin' hockey nut And do I look like some frostbitten hose-head? I never learned my alphabet from A to Zed They all live on donuts and moose meat And they leave the house without packin' heat Never even bring their guns to the mall And you know what else is too funny? Their stupid Monopoly money Can't take 'em seriously at all Well maple syrup and snow's what they export They treat curling just like it's a real sport They think their silly accent is so cute Can't understand a thing they're talkin' aboot
Myths Rick Mercer on Annoying Canadian Stereotypes CLIP Evaluate the following Canadian Myths • The myth of the rugged Canadian • The myth of Canada as peacekeepers (10% of UN force in 1991 to .1% in 2007) • Canadas World_1 CLIP • Jon Stewart CLIPS Are these myths based on concrete facts? Is the blurring of factual boundaries acceptable in the promotion of national identity (national unity)? Does the promotion of certain myths favour specific elements of society (socioeconomic, cultural, racial)?
Souvenir of Canada • Analyze methods used by individuals, groups and governments in Canada to promote a national identity (symbolism, mythology, institutions, government programs and initiatives) • In what ways does the film explore and promote national identity in Canada? • What symbols are presented in the film? Are they symbols that you have a connection with? • What myths are presented within the film? • What institutions are presented within the film? • What government programs/initiatives are presented in the film?
Institutions • You will create a graphic organizer about the different types of organizations that promote national identity • You need to examine the goals, strategies, and effects on Canadian Identity • You should also analyze who is/was left out of each institutions attempts to promote identity.
Institutions • The Dominion Institute has recommended that all Canadian high school students should be required to pass a national citizenship test before graduation. • What do you think about this proposal? • What are the pros? • What are the cons? • Rick Mercer Report - Everything you wanted to know about Canada CLIP
Government VS. Corporate Programs • Government • Paint the Town Red_1 CLIP • 2012 Lucky Loonie _ Royal Canadian Mint CLIP • Corporate • When Colors Mean This Much - Tide Anthem CANADIAN VERSION CLIP VS. • When Colors Mean This Much - Tide Anthem AMERICAN VERSION CLIP
Government Programs • Think about how government initiatives can promote identity. • Utilize your textbook and/or digital device to inform your answers • Get into groups of 4 or 5 • Should Canadian taxpayers be required to foot the bill for promoting Canadian culture? • Should broadcasters in Canada be required to meet Canadian-content quotas? • Are experiential education programs like Katimavik and Canada World Youth more effective than traditional schools at preparing teens for the future? • Why should the government pay for Katimavik and Canada World Youth when it already pays for high schools to educate Canadian youth?
4. Why should the government pay for Katimavik and Canada World Youth when it already pays for high schools to educate Canadian youth?
Debriefing • Do you believe that arts, cultural, and educational programs contribute significantly to a national identity? If so why? If not, why not? • Be sure to provide specific reasons for your answer.
Symbolizing Identity • Why might the Mercedes logo be more powerful than the Toyota logo? • Why might the national flag be more powerful than the coat of arms?