Global Citizenship. Citizenship rich and citizenship poor in Australia and the EU. Media framing and citizenship. Issues of citizenship enter the public domain in times of stress Migrant groups are focus of disquiet The mantra of clashing civilizations is used to explain urban unrest
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Citizenship rich and citizenship poor in Australia and the EU
Televisions depicted flames from the “Muslim unrest” dangerously close to the Eiffel Tower. Isolated cries of “Allahu Akbar” and scenes of imams trying to calm crowds were highlighted as worrying signs of the times in “Frankistan.” Politicians and the media hinted that Islamist militants were partly to blame for the rampaging youths and nightly fire bombings. News dispatches with datelines such as Clichy-sous-Bois sounded like they were actually describing a “Baghdad-on-the-Seine.”(Heneghon)
October 27 2005
Zyed Benna, 17, and Bouna Traouré, 15, electrocuted after being chased by police
Text messages coordinate riots
November 6 1400 vehicles torched
November 8 State of Emergency declared
November 14 100 vehicles only torched(normal)
December 4 2005: “Lebs” attack Surfie group
December 7 text message: This Sunday every Aussie in the shire get down to North Cronulla to support the leb and wog bashing day
December 10 and 11: Rioting on beaches, and “Leb” reprisals in suburb
December 17,18: NSW Gov supports heavy policing of beaches in Sydney and Newcastle – calls for people not to go to beach.
passports, right to work, duty to pay tax
Australia overwhelmingly immigrant
1950-2004 23.1% of population immigrant
Citizenship awarded to 610 migrants /100,000pop in 1990s
1950-2004 7.9% of population immigrant
Citizenship awarded to 173 migrants /100,000pop in 1990s
colonial (transnational) citizenship
White Australia policy (accepted Maronites) until 1972
Citizenship assimilationist, in tradition of la patrie
Olivier Roy: Reislamisation is new form of individualised Islam, suited to disenfranchised youth.
Unemployment 20-40% in suburbs such as Clichy-sous-Bois.
Riots fuelled by French traditions of liberté, egalité, fraternité
Sydney’s western suburbs have been home to the post civil war group of Lebanese migrants, a group sharply distinguished from Maronites who came earlier
High unemployment and radical Islamic clerics flourish in western suburbs
The idea of invasion is important in understanding what happened. The population centre of Sydney is Parramatta, which means that as many live to the west of there as towards the beaches. To enjoy the beach means that many from the working-class and ethnic west will come down to the beach suburbs. (Jupp, 2005)
the rioters were unmistakably French, and not only because almost all were citizens. They have internalized French political values so well that they want France to live up to its promise of liberty, equality and fraternity. Their dream was not to overthrow the system, but to make it work so they could get ahead too. Political violence is as French as baguettes and berets. (Heneghon 2006)
An.. important social feature is the existence of a hoon culture, with young men believing that physical force is a sign of being a real Australian. This is usually combined with the even more dangerous belief that getting drunk is equally Australian. Although many Muslims are likely to avoid the second feature, they are susceptible to the first.(Jupp, 2005)