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Early Rome. Libertyville HS. Geography of Rome. Central Italy is close to Mediterranean (18 miles away) & ancient Middle Eastern world Also central to Italy, with water access Good soil Protected to north by Apenine Mountains Rome built on seven hills Tiber River close by.

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early rome

Early Rome

Libertyville HS

geography of rome
Geography of Rome
  • Central Italy is close to Mediterranean (18 miles away) & ancient Middle Eastern world
  • Also central to Italy, with water access
  • Good soil
  • Protected to north by Apenine Mountains
  • Rome built on seven hills
  • Tiber River close by
founding of rome
Founding of Rome
  • Mythical founding: Romulus and Remus
  • Historical founding
    • Latins one of several tribes of shepherds, farmers living on fortified hillltops
    • Hilltop tribes gradually merged with one another
early roman government
Early Roman Government
  • “Direct democracy with a twist”
    • Elected king
    • Senate
      • Advised the king
      • Generally older, wiser members of community
      • 200 members
    • General Assembly (Comita Curia)
      • All men capable of fighting
      • Elected their king
      • Passed laws, gave king power
      • Ratified treaties, declared war
early roman religion
Early Roman Religion
  • Ancestral gods
  • Jupiter and Mars also important, major gods
  • Many other gods
    • Harvest
    • Family
    • Fertility
early roman culture
Early Roman Culture

Patricians

Plebians

Non-original inhabitants of Rome

Refugees from other areas

Brought to Rome by military conquest, seeking opportunity

No political power, in Rome

  • Aristocracy
  • Earliest inhabitants of 3 biggest hills (Palatine, Capitoline, and Quirnal)
  • Most prominent citizens
  • Only their descendants could hold office in Senate
  • Also controlled assembly
characteristics of roman people
Characteristics of Roman People
  • Uncertainty of Rome’s early existence made them tough, practical
  • Warfare was a regular, necessary part of life
  • Expanded through both conquest and colonization
foreign rule 600 to 510 bc
Foreign Rule (600 to 510 BC)
  • Etruscans were Rome’s neighbors to the North
    • Ancient civilization
    • Most powerful in Italy
  • Three Etruscan Kings (Tarquin Dynasty) ruled Rome for about 85 years
foreign rule
Foreign Rule
  • Benefits of Etruscan Rule
    • Instituted building programs and improvements to Rome
    • Organized army
    • Also made a more efficient tax system
    • Didn’t change the nature of the Romans, but made them more proud
foreign rule1
Foreign Rule
  • Overthrow of Etruscan Dynasty
    • Last king was cruel, ruling without regard to Senate, Curia
    • “Rape of Lucretia”(senator’s daughter)
    • Family and he were thrown out of Rome
    • Attempted to conquer Rome with Etruscan troops, but failed