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Basis and principles of reform policies. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Wongsa Laohasiriwong Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University. What we need to concern for the successful implementation of public sector reform?. Citizens’ Participation Duplication of efforts and projects Awareness

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slide1

Basis and principles of reform policies

  • Assoc. Prof. Dr. Wongsa Laohasiriwong
  • Faculty of Public Health,
  • Khon Kaen University
what we need to concern for the successful implementation of public sector reform
What we need to concern for the successful implementation of public sector reform?
  • Citizens’ Participation
  • Duplication of efforts and projects
  • Awareness
  • Complaints Redress Mechanisms
  • Facilities and Infrastructure
  • Information and Communication Technology
  • Information dissemination
  • Education Sector
  • Health
  • Child Protection
  • Water and Sanitation

Source: UKaid. (2011). The Impact of Public Sector Reforms on Service Delivery. Department of international development.

1 enhancing transparency

Agenda of public sector reform

1. Enhancing transparency.
  • Enhanced transparency is regarded as a highly prized value,one often studied by academics and emphasized by practitioners.
  • A tool for increasing government accountability, as a desirable principle for reducing corruption in public administration, and as a means for putting pressure on government performance.

Source: Giovanni tria & Giovanni valotti. Introduction: Challenges of Public Sector Reform

2 boosting the motivation of public servants
2. Boosting the motivation of public servants.
  • This can be done by focusing on the relevance of motivational factors of public employees, including not only material incentives and bureaucratic efforts to control actions but also the need to improve performance by managing the values that motivate public employees.
  • The review of policies and

motivation systems of human

resources represents one of the

areas of ongoing public reform.

Source: Giovanni tria & Giovanni valotti. Introduction: Challenges of Public Sector Reform

3 improving leadership
3. Improving leadership
  • The need has emerged to strengthen leadership and enhance managerial responsibility in order to create a qualified cohort of civil servants capable of ensuring coherence, coordination, and continuity within the public sector.
  • Reforms relating to leadership emphasize several concepts, such as the definition of the key skills of future leadersand the development of human resources departments for the recruitment of public leaders.

Source: Giovanni tria & Giovanni valotti. Introduction: Challenges of Public Sector Reform

4 measuring performance
4. Measuring performance.
  • The effective use of information on performance remains one of the most debated issues in the public sector today.
  • Public sector organizations around the world face unprecedented pressure to improve the quality of their services while at the same time lowering their costs.
  • The importance of strengthening the systems used to measure and assess performance has plainly increased in recent years.

Source: Giovanni tria & Giovanni valotti. Introduction: Challenges of Public Sector Reform

how to
How to ….?

Group Activity

Group1: Enhancing transparency.

Group2: Boosting the motivation of public servants.

Group3: Improving leadership and participation.

Grpup4: Measuring performance

slide8

Assistant Professor Matt Andrews from Harvard Kennedy School discusses about public sector reform and participatory governance in developing and transitional governments.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kbJC2Jo-mfo&feature=youtube_gdata_player
slide9

Matt Andrews said:

How do you develop indicators that measure thing that we care about but also allow the journey of development that often forgotten?
  • What we need to focus on more is the functional of the government is not just a form: Transparent government or government that has a good budget process often produce services better and serve citizens better.
  • The focus more : - What is government do?

- How well they do those things?

(To solve the problem in the way that contextual needs specific to their contexts)

  • What we need to do is measure whether or not government are doing that indicated of success effectiveness of functionality.
public sector reform initiatives
Public Sector Reform Initiatives

Source: OPDC from http://www.opdc.go.th/english/main/content_view.php?cat_id=2

driving forces for public sector reform
Driving Forces for Public Sector Reform

People’s Support

Public SectorReform

Knowledge

Political Will

Source: OrapinSopchokchai, Thailand Public Sector Development Commission (www.opdc.go.th)

stakeholders and actors to push reform processes
Stakeholders and Actors to Push Reform Processes
  • Private sector’s demands
  • Civil society pressure

People’s Support

  • Political leaders
  • Strong commitment
  • Scholars’ support
  • International contribution

Public SectorReform

Knowledge

Political Will

  • Change Champions

Bureaucratic support

Source: OrapinSopchokchai, Thailand Public Sector Development Commission (www.opdc.go.th)

references
References
  • UKaid. (2011). The Impact of Public Sector Reforms on Service Delivery. Department of international development.
  • OPDC from http://www.opdc.go.th/english/main/content_view.php?cat_id=2
  • OrapinSopchokchai, Thailand Public Sector Development Commission (www.opdc.go.th)
  • Mike Bennett (http://publicintelligence.wordpress.com)
  • World Bank. (2008). Public Sector Reform “What works and Why?” http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTOED/EXTPUBSECREF/0,,menuPK:4664077~pagePK:64829575~piPK:64829612~theSitePK:4663904,00.html