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Bahasa inggris. Introduction, Parts of Speech, Tenses (1). Parts of Speech. Noun / kata benda Pronoun / kata ganti Adjective / kata sifat Verb / kata kerja Adverb / kata keterangan Conjunction / kata penghubung Preposition / kata depan Interjection / kata seru. Noun. Pronoun(1).

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Bahasa inggris

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bahasa inggris

Bahasa inggris

Introduction, Parts of Speech, Tenses (1)

parts of speech
Parts of Speech
  • Noun / kata benda
  • Pronoun / kata ganti
  • Adjective / kata sifat
  • Verb / kata kerja
  • Adverb / kata keterangan
  • Conjunction / kata penghubung
  • Preposition / kata depan
  • Interjection / kata seru
pronoun 1
  • Pronoun that replace noun as a subject (I, you, he, she, it, they, we)

Pronoun that replace noun as an object (me, you, him, her, us, them)

  • Pronoun that use as adjective (my, your, his, her, our, their)
pronoun 2
  • Pronoun that use as possessive (mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs)
  • Pronoun that use as adverb (myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves)
  • Uncertainty Pronoun (using: that, which, what, who, whom)
  • Adjective is explaining noun or pronoun
  • There are two kinds of adjective:

1. Adjective that explain noun

(good book, handsome boy, true story, etc)

2. Adjective that explain pronoun

(She is very beautiful, They are clever, etc)

adverb 1
  • Adverb is explaining verb, adjective, or another adverb
  • There are three kinds of adverb:

1. Adverb that explain verb

-He always speaks English with his friends

-The farmers work hard

-The student is reading an English book loudly

adverb 2
  • 2. Adverb that explain adjective
    • -The book is very expensive
    • -The room is too big for us

-Economics is quite different from literature

3. Adverb that explain adverb

-He speaks English very well

-She walks quite slowly

-They come here so often

conjunction 1
Conjunction (1)
  • Conjunction is a word or words that connect two words, phrases or tenses.
  • List of conjunction:


as well as



not only....but also....



in spite of


conjunction 2
Conjunction (2)
  • Example:

1.I want to buy the book, but I don’t have enough money

2.He never studies well, sohe can not do the homework

3.Jack went out in spite ofthe rain

  • Preposition is showing a connection between noun or pronoun with another word in a tense
  • Example:

1. I drive a car to the office

2. I walked around the house

  • List or preposition:

about, above, after, for, to, around, before, behind, beside, between, in front of, in, on, into, under, until, with, from, at, during, among, etc.


Tenses are a form of verb that their change depend on TIME and EVENT

Tenses are the basic of learning English

  • Tenses has 16 kinds, but only 12 kinds are using frequently.
  • Four tenses that seldom use are:

simple past future tense, past future continuous tense, past future perfect tense, past future perfect continuous tense



is using for an action that happens when we talk or at present


is using for a frequent activity, habbitual actions and general truth

  • Hold
  • Run
  • Come
  • Write
  • Eat
  • Sit
  • Act
  • Open
  • Begin
  • Fry

Our lecture (stand,not).................up right now. She (sit)..........................on the corner of her desk.

  • It (rain, not)................right now. The sun (shine).............., and the sky (be)
  • Look out the window. (Rain, it)..................? Should I take my umbrella?
  • Alice (take, not).........................the bus to school every day. She usually (walk)....................
  • (Take, you) ...............................the bus to get to school every day, or (walk, you)...................?
  • (Rain, it)..................a lot in southern California?