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Keeping Teens Safe at Work

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  1. Keeping Teens Safe at Work Beatriz Vautin, MPH Teens at Work Project Occupational Health Surveillance Program Massachusetts Department of Public Health Funded in part by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

  2. Background data • An estimated 160,000 teens in the US are injured at work every year • 66,000 teens are injured seriously enough to visit the emergency room every year • Over 50 teens are killed on the job every year • Teens have high overall rate of non-fatal injuries compared to adults: good data are not available on rates for youth vs adults in specific jobs

  3. Risk Factors for Young Workers • Job hazards • Inexperience • Inadequate training and supervision • Employment in inappropriate/illegal jobs • Development characteristics (not just little adults) • Physical • Psychosocial • Balancing school and work

  4. Work-related Injuries to Young Workers by Age, Gender, and Data SourceMassachusetts: 2002-2006 Gender Age - Years

  5. Work-related Injuries to Young Workers by Injury Type and Data SourceMassachusetts: 2002-2006

  6. Occupational Injuries to Young Workers by Selected Industry, Massachusetts: 2002-2006

  7. Interviews with Teens Injured at WorkMassachusetts: July 1994-2003 798 Interviews * Anticipated permanent pain, limited sensation or loss of movement.

  8. Narrative Results • 10% reported that the equipment being used was malfunctioning or a safety device had been removed. • “The french fryer was low in oil partly because it hadn’t been working properly. We had notified the owner and manager but nothing had been done about it.” • 9% appeared to be performing a task or working hours prohibited under the child labor laws. • “I was using the deli slicer to cut up lettuce.” • “I was working at 2:30 a.m. at a retail bakery.” • 10% waited a day or more before seeking medical treatment. • “When I woke up in the a.m., my hand was swollen and red and purple, so I went to the ER where I was diagnosed with second degree burns.” • 4% of adolescents reported that their supervisors made them stay at work. • “Then I went to the supervisor who did not want to fill out an accident report and told me to work light duty. I worked 2 shifts that day while my finger kept bleeding.”

  9. Connecting Activities • What can teachers use to teach health and safety to teens? • What resources are available to help with the Work-Based Learning Plan?

  10. Materials • Massachusetts Department of Public Health www.mass.gov/dph/teensatwork • Youth @ Work: Talking Safety Massachusetts www.cdc.gov/niosh/talkingsafety/states/ma • NIOSH Safety Checklist Program for Schools www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2004-101/default.html • YouthRules! Factsheets www.youthrules.dol.gov/factsheets.htm

  11. Some materials available from the MDPH Teens at Work: Injury Surveillance and Prevention Project

  12. Materials • Massachusetts Department of Public Health www.mass.gov/dph/teensatwork • Youth @ Work: Talking Safety Massachusetts www.cdc.gov/niosh/talkingsafety/states/ma • NIOSH Safety Checklist Program for Schools www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2004-101/default.html • YouthRules! Factsheets www.youthrules.dol.gov/factsheets.htm

  13. Materials Continued • NJ Safe Schools Health and Safety Check www.njsafeschools.org/pub.html • Inexperienced Workers Fact Sheet www.tdi.state.tx.us/pubs/videoresource/stpinexp.pdf • OSHA Restaurant eTool www.osha.gov/SLTC/youth/restaurant

  14. Massachusetts Resources • Office of the Attorney General www.mass.gov/ago/youthemployment • Labor Low Down www.laborlowdown.com • Massachusetts Division of Occupational Safety www.mass.gov/dos *click on “youth employment information”

  15. National Resources • NIOSH Young Worker Health & Safety Website www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/youth • US DOL YouthRules! Website www.youthrules.dol.gov • OSHA Teen Workers Website www.osha.gov/SLTC/teenworkers • National Young Worker Safety Resource Center www.youngworkers.org/nation • Workers’ Compensation Board of British Columbia www2.worksafebc.com/topics/youngworker/home.asp

  16. Teens at Work Injury Surveillance and Prevention Project www.mass.gov/dph/teensatwork Teens.atWork@state.ma.us (617) 624-5677