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Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act School Breakfast Program 2013-2014 School Year. School Lunch Scramble Deb Lukkonen and S ami Beilke Email : mde.fns@state.mn.us. School Breakfast Program “Meal Pattern and Monitoring” for SY 2013-2014 ”. Meal Pattern Requirements Monitoring Requirements

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healthy hunger free kids act school breakfast program 2013 2014 school year

Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids ActSchool Breakfast Program 2013-2014 School Year

School Lunch Scramble

Deb Lukkonen and Sami Beilke

Email: mde.fns@state.mn.us

school breakfast program meal pattern and monitoring for sy 2013 2014
School Breakfast Program “Meal Pattern and Monitoring” for SY 2013-2014”
  • Meal Pattern Requirements
  • Monitoring Requirements
    • Point of Service
    • Offer vs. Serve
    • Recordkeeping Requirements
breakfast the phased in approach
Breakfast: The “Phased In” Approach

Focus on implementing changes for SY 13-14

Be flexible and watch for updates from MDE

Requirements may change for next year and/or future years

the breakfast bottom line
The Breakfast Bottom Line
  • New Breakfast Meal Pattern takes effect July 1, 2013
    • Grade groups
    • 4 target nutrients similar to lunch
    • 3 food components required
    • Minimum of 4 required food items offered with OVS
  • Only ½ cup fruit required for SY 13-14
    • No limits on juice in SY13-14
  • Emphasis on grains and whole grain rich (WGR)
    • 50% WGR in SY13-14
  • Meat/meat alternate can sub for some grain
    • After 1 oz. daily grain minimum is met
  • Breakfast is a mandatory part of state review
overview and timeline
Overview and Timeline
  • Effective This Fall: SY 13-14
    • Meal Pattern
      • A single Food-Based Menu Planning
        • New grade groups
        • Half of weekly grains must be whole grain rich
    • Nutrient Requirements
      • Offer weekly grain minimums (no maximums)
      • Calorie ranges take effect
      • 0 grams of trans fat per serving size
    • State Administrative Reviews 3-year cycle
      • Weighted nutrient analysis of 1 week menus
      • Includes a full breakfast review
quick quiz 1
Quick Quiz #1

True or False:

The meal pattern grade groups

for breakfast are the same as the

grade groups for lunch

grade groups
Grade Groups
  • Correspond to School Lunch Program
    • K-5 - 6-8 - 9-12
  • Flexibilities
    • Portion size requirements of each grade group must be met
      • Overlap exists between 3 grade groups
      • A single menu can be used that meets portion size requirements of all 3 grade groups
      • Nutrient requirements of each grade group must still be met
breakfast meal pattern without ovs
Breakfast Meal Pattern without OVS
  • At least 3 food components/items must be offered in minimum portion size or greater
  • Only applies when OVS is not implemented
    • Any combination of:
      • Milk 8 fluid ounces
      • Grain 1 ounce equivalents
      • Fruit/Vegetable/Juice
      • (Meat/Meat Alternate, if at least 1 oz. grain offered first)
  • Possible menu combination without OVS
    • 1 oz equivalent grain, ½ cup fruit, 1 cup milk
quick quiz 2
Quick Quiz #2

For calorie requirements at breakfast,

there are:

Minimums

Maximums

Both minimums and maximums

No calorie requirements

calories
Calories
  • Minimum and maximum calorie levels applies to average meal served over the course of the week
    • Individual meals within a week may be above or below the weekly range
  • If offering 1 meal pattern to all students, calorie (and other nutrient requirements) for each grade group still apply
    • 450-500 calorie range would meet all grade group calorie requirements
quick quiz 3
Quick Quiz #3

For School Year 2013-2014, the planned portion size requirement for fruit is:

½ cup

¾ cup

1 cup

There is not a requirement to serve fruit/vegetable.

meal pattern components fruit
Meal Pattern Components - Fruit
  • Portion Size
    • Only ½ cup required daily for SY 13-14
    • No maximum limit for fruit quantities
      • Keep nutrient requirements in mind
  • Forms
    • Fresh, frozen, canned and dried allowed
    • Temporary allowance of frozen fruit withadded sugar
      • Allowed through SY 13-14
    • Single fruit type or combination of fruits may be offered
    • Juice
      • No limits in SY13-14
      • 100% juice only
quick quiz 4
Quick Quiz #4

True or False:

In SY 2013-14, any vegetable may be substituted for a fruit at any time in the breakfast program.

meal pattern components fruit1
Meal Pattern Components - Fruit
  • Substituting Vegetables for Fruits
    • Can serve any Fruit or Vegetable through SY13-14
    • No vegetable subgroup requirements as for lunch
    • May offer combinations of fruits & veggies
    • ½ cup each of fruits and vegetables
        • Example: ½ cup orange juice and ½ cup mashed sweet potatoes
      • 1 cup combination of fruits/vegetables
        • Example: pineapple carrot salad
quick quiz 5
Quick Quiz #5

What percent of grains need to be whole grain rich for School Year 2013-2014?

50%

75%

100%

There is no requirement for whole grains in School Year 2013-2014

meal pattern components grains
Meal Pattern Components - Grains
  • Portion Size
    • 1 oz. equivalent daily minimum, no daily maximum (all grade groups)
    • Weekly minimums begin in SY13-14 (in oz. equivalents)
      • 7 (Grades K-5)
      • 8 (Grades 6-8)
      • 9 (Grades 9-12)
    • 9-10 oz. per week fulfills requirement for all grade groups (Be mindful of nutrient requirement limitations)
  • Forms
    • Half of grains must be whole grain rich (WGR) for SY 13-14
definitions
Definitions

Whole Grain Rich: Foods that contain 100% whole grain or contain a blend of whole-grain meal and/or flour and enriched meal and/or flour of which at least 50% is whole grain.

Whole grain rich products must contain at least 50% whole grain and the remaining grain must be enriched.

determining whole grain rich
Determining Whole Grain Rich
  • Step One: Food item meets oz. equivalents per Grain Chart
  • Step Two: The food item must meet one of the following:
    • WG content per 1 oz. = 8 grams or more
    • Product includes FDA Health Claim:
      • “Diets rich in whole grain foods and other plant foods and low in total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol may reduce the risk of heart disease and some cancers”
    • Ingredient declaration
      • Non-mixed dishes: lists whole grain first
      • Mixed dishes: whole grain listed as first grain ingredient
quick quiz 6
Quick Quiz #6

Yes!

Is the following product whole grain rich?

meal pattern components grains1
Meal Pattern Components - Grains
  • Forms-continued
    • No specific requirements for sugar
    • Specific grain items designated as desserts for lunch cannot be served for breakfast
      • Includes cake, cobblers, cookies, dessert pies, brownies
      • Refer to Updated Grains Memo SP 30-2012
        • http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/healthierschoolday/pdf/9_WGInstruction.pdf
    • Formulated Grain-Fruit Products
      • Can be used to meet the grain component only, do not credit toward fruit component
      • Does not include energy bars, granola bars, cereal bars, breakfast bars, fortified cereals or cereals with dried fruit
meal pattern components grains2
Meal Pattern ComponentsGrains
  • Forms-continued
    • Ensure Ready to Eat Breakfast Cereals are “fortified”
      • Check ingredient statement on side or back of box/bag
    • Fortified = enriched
meat or meat alternates as grains
Meat or Meat Alternates as Grains?
  • A meat/meat alternate can be served at breakfast and counted toward the grain component only if:
    • At least 1 ounce equivalent of grains is offered daily
    • 1 ounce equivalent of meat/meat alternate = 1 ounce equivalent of grain
  • Count meat/meat alternates toward the weekly:
    • Grain requirements AND
    • Nutrient requirements (calories, sodium, saturated fat and trans fat)
crediting meat meat alternates
Crediting Meat/Meat Alternates
  • Yogurt
    • ½ cup = 1 oz. equiv
  • Cheese
    • 1 oz = 1 oz. equiv
  • Egg
    • ½ large egg = 1 oz. equiv
  • Peanut Butter
    • 2 Tbsp = 1 oz. equiv
  • Breakfast meats
    • need Child Nutrition label or product formulation statement
  • Tofu
    • see USDA memo
      • http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/governance/Policy-Memos/2012/SP16-2012os.pdf
meat meat alternates as extras
Meat/Meat Alternates as “Extras”
  • No requirement to offer meat/meat alternates
  • Meat/meat alternates can be counted as “extras”. When counted as an “extra”, it is:
    • Not credited toward grain requirement
    • Not counted toward Offer versus Serve
    • Is counted towards nutrient requirements
  • Ensure daily minimum requirement of 1 ounce equivalent of grain is met
  • Document when you are counting meat as an “extra” vs. the meal pattern
slide28
Milk
  • Allowable milk options include:
    • Fat-free skim (unflavored or flavored)
    • Low-fat 1% (unflavored only)
    • Fat-free or low-fat lactose-reduced or lactose-free
  • Must offer at least 2 choices of flavors or fat contents
  • Does not change nutrition standards for fluid milk substitutes
    • Refer to Clarification on the Use of Milk, Juice and Other Beverages in School Nutrition Programs Memo:
    • http://education.state.mn.us/MDE/SchSup/FNS/SNP/FoodServOper/SpecDiet/004533
monitoring requirements outline
Monitoring Requirements Outline
  • Offer versus Serve
    • Definitions
    • Timeline
    • Requirements
  • Breakfast Monitoring Requirements
    • Traditional
    • Grab and Go
    • Classroom
    • Alternate Point of Service
the breakfast bottom line1
The Breakfast Bottom Line
  • Offer versus Serve
    • Offer at least 4 food items (specific to OVS only)
    • Fruit may be split to count as more than 1 food item
    • Student must select at least 3 food items from what is offered
      • Regardless of how many food items offered
      • Importance of bundling items into respective components
  • Monitoring
    • Same “point of service” requirements apply as before
definitions1
Definitions
  • Food Component: category of food that must be offered at breakfast. There are 3 food component groups: “fruit”, milk, and “grain”
  • Food Item: foods or combinations of foods that may be offered within the 3 food component groups
    • 4 food items from the 3 food components must be offered for OVS
    • Larger portion size grain items may count as more than 1 food item
      • Example: a 2 ounce equivalent muffin can count as 1 or 2 food items (menu planners discretion)
ovs choices vs items
OVS: Choices vs Items

education.state.mn.us

Items are the minimum a child can take

Choices give students options to choose from different items

Continue to encourage choices

example choice vs items
Example: Choice vs Items

education.state.mn.us

  • Menu = 1 milk, 1 slice of toast, 2 fruit choices
    • Fruit choices = ½ cup orange juice, ½ cup oranges, ½ cup apple, ½ cup peaches
    • Student could take 1 milk, 1 toast, and ½ cup oranges
    • Would not be required to take 3 out of 4 fruit choices!
    • SFAs should still offer choices, but decide how many items a student can take
definitions continued
Definitions, continued
  • “Fruit” Food Component
    • Fruit food item(s)
    • Vegetable food item(s)
    • Fruit food item(s) and vegetable food item(s)
  • Milk Food Component
    • 1% unflavored milk
    • Skim milk, flavored or unflavored
  • “Grain” Food Component
    • Grain food item(s)
    • Grain food item(s) and Meat/Meat Alternate item(s)
offer versus serve
Offer versus Serve
  • What is Offer versus Serve (OVS)?
    • Allows students to decline food items, taking at least 3 of the 4 food items offered (at minimum) that they intend to eat
  • Why did USDA create OVS?
    • Increase customer satisfaction
    • Reduce plate waste
    • Help control food costs
  • OVS is optional for all grade levels for breakfast
    • Decided by the district/school
      • Determined for each grade level
breakfast meal pattern with ovs
Breakfast Meal Pattern with OVS
  • At least 4 food items must be offered in minimum portion size or greater
  • Student must select at least 3 food items
      • Offer 4food items, student must select 3
      • Offer 5 food items, student must select 3
  • Possible menu combination with OVS
    • 2 oz grain, ½ cup fruit, 1 cup milk
    • 1 oz grain, 1 oz meat, ½ cup fruit, 1 cup milk
    • 1 oz grain, ½ cup fruit, ½ cup fruit, 1 cup milk
ovs how it works
OVS-How it works
  • Menu planner creates planned breakfast menu
    • At least 4 food items in correct portion sizes from any combination of:
      • Milk: 8 fluid ounces
      • Fruit (or vegetable): 1/2 cup for SY 13-14 only
      • Grains (or part meat/meat alternate)
        • At least 1 oz equivalent grain must be offered
      • Additional ½ cup fruit or 1 oz equivalent grain or meat/meat alternate may be offered as the 4th food item
ovs how it works continued
OVS-How it works, continued
  • Student selects a reimbursable meal
    • Must select at least 3 food items from planned menu
      • 4 food items: student must take 3 food items
      • 5 food items: student must take 3 food items
ovs how it works continue d
OVS-How it works, continued
  • Monitor/Cashier determines that correct:
    • number of food items,
    • in planned portion size,
    • from the correct food components has been selected
  • Meal can be claimed for reimbursement
ovs and fruits
OVS and Fruits
  • Fruit may be counted as 2 food items on any or all days of the week
    • Offer two ½ cup servings of different fruits to make a reimbursable menu of 4 food items:
      • Waffle Sticks(1 oz eq)
      • Apple slices (1/2 cup)
      • Orange juice (1/2 cup)
      • Milk (8 fluid ounces)
    • Student must select 3 food items for a reimbursable meal.
    • Can count both servings of fruit toward 2 of 3 required food items under OVS
ovs and fruits example
OVS and Fruits, example
  • YES
  • YES
  • YES
  • YES
  • YES
  • Planned menu:
    • Waffle Sticks (1 oz eq)
    • Apple slices (1/2 cup)
    • Orange juice (1/2 cup)
    • Milk (8 fluid ounces)
  • Student selects the following (in planned portion sizes):
    • Waffle Sticks, apple slices, orange juice, milk:
    • Waffle Sticks, apple slices, milk:
    • Waffle Sticks, orange juice, milk:
    • Apple slices, orange juice, milk:
    • Waffle Sticks, apple slices, orange juice:
ovs and grains
OVS and Grains
  • A larger portion size of grain can count as more than 1 food item:
    • Example a 2 oz. equivalent muffin = 2 food items
  • 2 additional food items needed for reimbursable planned menu of 4 food items
    • (Milk and Fruit)
  • Student cannot decline the 2 oz. equivalent grain in this example
ovs and grains1
OVS and Grains
  • A larger portion size of grain can count as less than 2 food items:
    • Example a 2 oz. equivalent muffin = 1 food items
    • This decision is made by the menu planner
  • 3 additional food items needed for reimbursable planned menu of 4 food items
    • (Another Grain, Milk and Fruit)
  • Student can decline the 2 oz. equivalent grain in this example
ovs and grains example 1
OVS and Grains - Example 1
  • YES
  • YES
  • YES

NO

  • Planned Menu:
    • 2 oz. equivalent muffin (2 food items)
    • 1/2 cup apples
    • 1 cup milk
  • There are 4 food items, student must take 3 food items in planned portion sizes
  • Student selects:
    • Muffin, apples, milk:
    • Muffin and apples:
    • Muffin and milk:
    • Apples and milk:
ovs and grains e xample 2
OVS and Grains - Example 2
  • YES
  • YES
  • YES
  • YES
  • Planned Menu:
    • 2 oz. equivalent muffin (2 food items)
    • ½ cup apples
    • ½ cup juice
    • 1 cup milk
  • There are now 5 food items. Student must take at least 3 food items.
  • Student selects:
    • Muffin, apples, juice, milk:
    • Muffin, apples, milk:
    • Muffin, juice, milk:
    • Muffin, milk:
ovs caveats
OVS Caveats
  • Allowing students to select 2 of the same grain item:
    • Menu planner offers 2 different 1 oz. eq grain items at breakfast:
      • A student may be allowed to take 2 of the same grain and count as 2 items
      • At the discretion of the menu planner
ovs caveats continued
OVS Caveats, continued

Student selects 3 items:

YES

YES

YES

YES

  • Example planned menu (4 food items):
    • 1 cup milk
    • 1/2 cup melonplus
    • 2 grains
      • 1 oz eq cereal
      • 1 oz eq toast
      • Melon, milkand toast:
      • Melon, milkand cereal:
      • Melon, toastand toast:
      • Melon, cerealand cereal:
ovs caveats continued1
OVS Caveats , continued
  • Grains-meat/meat alternate combo items
    • Counting meat/meat alternate toward weekly grain requirement
      • Combo item = 2 “grain” food items
        • Example: egg sandwich with 1 oz eq of grains and 1 oz eq of meat/meat alternate counting as grains = 2 “grain” food items
    • Not counting meat/meat alternate toward weekly grain requirement (“extra”)
      • Combo item = 1 “grain” food item
        • 3 additional items must be planned
        • Student may decline the combination
        • Example: egg sandwich with 1 oz eq of grains and 1 oz eq of meat/meat alternate not counting as grains (extra) = 1 “grain” food item
    • Extras must be factored into nutrient requirements
breakfast meal service types
Breakfast Meal Service Types
  • Traditional Cafeteria
  • Grab and Go Cafeteria
    • Unitized
    • Self-select
  • Alternate Locations
    • Classroom
    • Bus
    • Hallway
    • Others
ovs and meal service type
OVS and Meal Service Type
  • Pre-plating/Bundling/pre-bagged meals
    • Can 2 or 3 food items be pre-plated bundled?
        • Yes, if there are logistical limitations
          • Facilities, space, difficulty with self-serve
    • Reminder: OVS is never required at breakfast
    • School Food Authorities (SFA’s) need to remain consistent with intent of OVS
    • If some/all of the components are bundled, SFA should attempt to offer choices when possible
        • Ideas: fruit basket with different choices, variety of milk separate from pre-pack, variety bundles
      • Helps minimize food waste and costs
recordkeeping requirements
Recordkeeping Requirements
  • Meal Pattern Contributions
    • Food Production Records
    • Recipes
    • Child Nutrition Labels and Product Fact Sheets
    • Nutrition Facts
    • Ingredient Statement Lists
  • Point of Service Monitoring Documentation
    • Meal Counts
  • HACCP/Food Safety Considerations
  • Special Diet Statements
the breakfast bottom line2
The Breakfast Bottom Line
  • No changes from past recordkeeping requirements
    • Recordkeeping requirements same as lunch
  • Document “auditable” trail
  • Keep records for current year + 3 years
  • Plan for logistics of recordkeeping with alternate breakfast meal service types
what s to come in sy 14 15
What’s to come in SY 14-15?

education.state.mn.us

Meal Pattern Component – Fruit

  • Must offer 1 cup of fruit daily (5 cups per week) starting in SY 14-15
  • No more than half of the weekly fruit amount offered* may be in the form of juice beginning SY 14-15
      • Example: ½ cup of juice offered daily along with ½ cup of whole fruit

*Offered is the amount of fruit a child is able to select, regardless of the number of types of fruit

what s to come in sy 14 151
What’s to come in SY 14-15?

Starchy

education.state.mn.us

Meal Pattern Component – Fruit

  • Beginning SY14-15: No limit on substitution, except the first 2 cups of vegetables offered must be from these subgroups:
    • Dark green
    • Red/orange
    • Beans/peas
    • “Other” subgroups
what s to come in sy 14 152
What’s to come in SY 14-15?

education.state.mn.us

Meal Pattern Component – Grain

  • All grains must be WGR for SY 14-15

Offer versus Serve

    • Student must select at least ½ cup fruit (and/or vegetable)
taa daa you re done sort of
Taa Daa!! You’re done – sort of!

Please contact Food and Nutrition Service if you have additional questions:

651-582-8526

Toll Free for MN callers: 1-800-366-8922

Mde.fns@state.mn.us