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Introduction to Computers and the Windows Operating System. Part I. October 2003. Agenda. What is a computer? What is an operating system? The Windows Screen Starting and shutting down your computer The mouse according to Windows Opening and closing programs Menu bars and Tool Bars

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introduction to computers and the windows operating system

Introduction to Computers and the Windows Operating System

Part I

Instructor: Shayna Keces

236-0302, ext. 441

October 2003

  • What is a computer?
  • What is an operating system?
  • The Windows Screen
  • Starting and shutting down your computer
  • The mouse according to Windows
  • Opening and closing programs
  • Menu bars and Tool Bars
  • Cut/Copy and Paste
  • Further study
what is a personal computer
What is a personal computer
  • Screen
  • Box, tower, etc.
    • motherboard
    • hard drive
    • floppy drive
    • CD-ROM/DVD
  • Keyboard and mouse
  • Peripherals
operating system
Operating system
  • Program used to control computer, link between user and internal working of computer and programs
  • Windows vs. Mac vs. Linux
  • Windows 95, 98, 2000, ME, NT, XP?
  • Desktop and icons
  • Task bar
  • Start button
  • Programs
starting your computer
Starting your computer
  • Before starting your computer make sure you do not have a diskette in your A drive
  • To start your computer just turn on the power switch or power bar (the computer will take a few minutes to go through its initialization procedure and you will eventually see your desktop and icons)
  • If this does not happen check that your monitor (i.e. screen ) is on.
starting your computer cont
Starting your computer, cont.
  • If computer was shut improperly, you may see a screen saying Windows would like to check your files for errors.
  • It may then say it has found an error and ask if it should fix the error. You will probably want to tell it to fix the error and skip the undo disk and next time try to do a proper shutdown
shutting down your computer
Shutting down your computer
  • Windows is very finicky about being shut down properly (do not just shut the power off)
  • Move your cursor to start button and click
  • Click on the radio button beside Shut down
  • Click on OK button
  • WAIT (Windows will go through an elaborate process of making sure all programs are shut down. You will then see a Windows screen and eventually a black screen with the words “It’s now safe to turn off your computer”)
shutting down your computer cont
Shutting down your computer, cont.
  • You may now turn off the power button/bar.
  • In some cases when Windows cannot finish it’s shutdown sequence, your may have to shut down by restarting or shutting off the power before Windows is ready.
restarting your computer
Restarting your computer
  • Sometimes your computer will start doing funny things or your mouse will stop working
  • Try ALT + CTL + DELETE
  • If you see a program is not responding, you can try to highlight that program and press the “End Task” button.
  • If nothing happens try ALT + CTL + DELETE again. This will restart your computer
restarting your computer cont
Restarting your computer, cont.
  • If your mouse is working you can click on Start button, click on Shutdown but click on the radio button beside Restart and your computer will restart
  • Useful if your modem stops functioning.
  • Pointing device that moves pointer or cursor
  • Point and click (tip of the arrow is the point)
  • Left and right buttons
  • Start programs - 1 click vs 2 clicks
  • Highlight text (click and drag)
  • Practice makes perfect
cursor types
Cursor Types
  • Arrow
  • Busy
  • Text
  • Double arrow
  • Hand
scrolling pages
Scrolling pages
  • Mouse
    • Click on up and down arrows


    • Click on top of and below that darker box without touching the box


    • Click and drag the darker box
  • Keyboard (make sure cursor is on page by clicking on empty space)
    • Use arrow keys
    • Use page up, page down, home and end
opening programs
Opening Programs
  • If on desktop as icon, double click on icon. If does not open press “Enter” key.
  • Click on “Start” button, Move cursor up to “Programs”. After menu on the right appears move cursor over to menu and up or down to required program. Click on program
  • If program has been minimized and appears on task bar, click on square representing program.
closing programs
Closing programs
  • Click on the X icon in the top right hand corner of the window


  • Put your cursor on File in menu bar and click, then move cursor down the drop-down menu to the bottom to word “Quit” or “Exit” or “Close”. Click on the word


  • Hold down the Alt key and press F4.

Enlarge Screen

Minimize window

Close Program


Title bar

Menu bar

Tool bar

Format bar

Status bar

Task bar

Start button

using menu bars
Using Menu Bars
  • All Windows programs have a menu bar and everything you can do with that program will be available from one of the drop-down menus
  • Place tip of the cursor on the word in Menu bar and click. Move cursor down drop-down menu to action you want to perform and click.
  • If item has an arrow pointing to the right move cursor to the right to see the submenu.
menu items common to most windows programs
Menu items common to most Windows programs
  • File (includes New file, open file, save and print functions)
  • Edit (includes Find and Cut, Copy and Paste)
  • View (allows you to change the look of screen by adding and subtracting bars like tool bar)
  • Tools (most programs but program specific)
  • Window (allows you arrange windows and choose between different files)
  • Help used to give help in program’s functions and gives version no. for troubleshooting purposes
cut copy and paste
Cut/Copy and Paste
  • Place your cursor at the beginning of the text you would like to cut or copy, click with left-hand button keeping the button down.
  • Move the cursor to right to highlight the section or words you want to copy (move cursor down to get whole paragraph or page)
  • When the text you wanted to copy or move is highlighted, let go of the mouse button
  • If you highlight too much text, do not let go of the button but adjust the cursor until you have the right amount of text. If you let go, start over by clicking anywhere that is not a link and start over.
cut copy and paste cont
Cut/Copy and Paste, cont.
  • Move cursor to Edit in Menu bar and move down the drop down menu until you reach “Cut” or “Copy” and click (“Cut” will remove the text and “Copy” will leave it where it is)
  • Move the cursor to the area of the document or file where you would like to put the text and click making sure the blinking cursor is where you want the text to be
  • Move cursor to Edit in Menu bar and move down drop down menu until you reach Paste and click
using tool bars
Using Tool Bars
  • Icons which represent frequently used actions
  • Place tip of cursor in middle of icon and click
  • Opening files, printing, and saving files are common in tool bars
  • If you do not know what an icon signifies, move cursor over the icon and wait for a couple of seconds and a brief description will appear.
  • If do not need tool bar (all actions available from Menu bar) can get rid of tool bar by clicking on “View” in Menu bar
further study books
Further study - Books
  • Stokes, Abby. It’s never too late to love a computer. 004.16 S874
  • Kraynak, Joe. The complete idiot’s guide to computer basics. 004.16 Kra
  • Russ, Walter. The secret guide to computers : the world's top-rated computer tutorial 004.16 W233 2001
  • Gookin, Dan. PCs for dummies quick reference 004.16 G659
  • [Maran, Ruth, Paul Whitehead]. Computers simplified 004.16 M311 2000
further study videos
Further study - Videos
  • Beginning computers for seniors [videorecording] : and kids of all ages

V004.16 B417

  • Microsoft Windows 98 video tutorial [videorecording]

V005.4469 W5n

  • Learning Microsoft Windows 98 [videorecording]

V005.4469 W5Lp

  • Teach yourself Windows 95/98 [videorecording]

V005.4469 W5vi

further study internet sites
Further study – Internet sites
  • Computer training tutorials

  • Using computers
  • Introduction to using computers

  • Learning Windows