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Effects of Industrialization. Urbanization. City building and the movement of people to cities Some cities (Glasgow and Berlin) tripled and quadrupled. What is Urbanization?. 1700s – Britain was primarily a rural country 1851 – More lived in cities than the countryside

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What is urbanization

City building and the movement of people to cities

Some cities (Glasgow and Berlin) tripled and quadrupled

What is Urbanization?


Industrialization changes ways of life

  • 1700s – Britain was primarily a rural country

  • 1851 – More lived in cities than the countryside

  • Pace of Industrialization quickened in Britain

  • Factory system – manufacturing goods in a central location

    • Factories developed in clusters. Why?

    • Entrepreneurs built them near sources of energy

Industrialization Changes Ways of Life


Growth of industrial cities

Growth of Industrial Cities


Case study manchester

Formed the center of Britain’s bustling cotton industry in 1800 (1 million people)

Case Study: Manchester


Population growth
Population Growth in 1800 (1 million people)


Peer discussion

Peer Discussion


Living conditions

  • No sanitary codes or building controls could be the advantages and disadvantages of such rapid growth?

  • Lack of adequate housing, education, and police protection

  • Lack of running water and indoor plumbing

  • Frequent epidemics sweeping through slums

    • Ex. Cholera

  • Eventually, better housing, healthier diets, and cheaper clothing

Living Conditions


Working conditions

Created new jobs for workers could be the advantages and disadvantages of such rapid growth?

Workers trying to keep pace with machines

Factories dirty and unsanitary

Workers running dangerous machines for long hours

Harsh, severe factory discipline

Eventually, higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions

Working Conditions


Class tensions

  • Not everyone in the new cities lived miserably could be the advantages and disadvantages of such rapid growth?

  • A new class emerged – the middle class

    • A social class of skilled workers, professionals, businesspeople, and wealthy farmers

  • Upper class of landowners and aristocrats resentful of rich middle class

  • Lower middle class of factory overseers and skilled workers

  • Workers overworked and underpaid

Class Tensions


Social classes

Upper Class could be the advantages and disadvantages of such rapid growth?

Upper Middle Class

Lower Middle Class

Working Class

Do these social classes still exist today? In what ways?

Social Classes


Current events china s population problems

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-W3-l1VE2hw could be the advantages and disadvantages of such rapid growth?

Current Events: China’s Population Problems


Political cartoons assignment

You could be the advantages and disadvantages of such rapid growth?are a cartoonist the a London newspaper during the Industrial Revolution and feel troubled by the different problems that are happening as a result of this “revolution.” Your newspaper editor has asked you to create a political cartoon (cartoons that convey a message in humorous and/or thought-provoking ways) that highlights a condition or problem associated with the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain. Some problems you may choose to illustrate are: the pollution of the air, the hierarchy of social classes, the dangerous conditions in the factories, and the crowded living conditions.

Remember: Cartoons should combine both drawings and text

Political Cartoons - Assignment


Political cartoons
Political Cartoons could be the advantages and disadvantages of such rapid growth?