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Dance Education Chapter 1 History

Dance Education Chapter 1 History

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Dance Education Chapter 1 History

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  1. Dance EducationChapter 1History PED 246: Methods and Techniques of Dance and Gymnastics

  2. Beginning • Religion was BIG! • Rituals were set to worship • Dance began as part of these rituals • Animals were used as forms of dance • Movements • Hunting

  3. Closed Circle • Most ancient of dance types • Suns rotation • Breaking the circle allowed for spirits (good and bad) to come in or go out. • Sets of circles began • Men inside, women outside • Movement between circles made them more complex

  4. Chain • Similar in structure to Closed Circle • Formed a line, not a circle • Allowed for spirits to be spread over a larger space • Gender free

  5. Processional • Single or double line of dancers • Clean community after a hard winter • Fertility

  6. Music • Related to all phases of life • Birth • Death • Love • Work • Play • War • Peace • Religion • Arouses emotions • Joy • Comedy • Tragic

  7. Music • Rhythms • Seasons • Jumping rope • Drums • Instruments

  8. Instruments • Percussion • Drums • Winds • Flute • Trumpet • String • Guitar • Violin

  9. Cultural significance • Religion • Education • Health • Fertility

  10. Religion • Celebrations • Egyptian Hieroglyphics • Celebrate death • Bible • Gratitude and joy • Celebrate victory

  11. Education • Greek • Everyday life – drama • Total integration of the mind body and soul • Plato – • Integral part of education • To sing well and to dance well is to be well educated. • John Locke • Poise, discipline and manners

  12. Health • Cures to disease • Death Dance – removing a ghost • Immunity from disease • Curing bowed legs?

  13. Fertility • Themes of dance • Passage from youth to adulthood • Transfer of power • Purification

  14. Types of Dance • Artistic • A form of art • Theatrical • entertainment • Traditional • Specific social functions – rituals / customs • Social / Recreations • Enjoyment

  15. Timeline • 4000 BC - China • Pictures of dances on bowls • 3400-525 BC - Egypt • Slaves dance for entertainment of royals • 428-347 BC - Greece • Ideal person • 275 BC – 300 AD - Rome • Dance-drama is popular

  16. Timeline • 1300 AD England • Couples Dance • 1424 AD – Western Europe • Death Dance – inevitable • 1661 AD – France • Dance as an art form • 1780-today • Various forms of dance become popular • Waltz, Ragtime, Modern Dance, Swing