Wild Fire Prevention United States Forest Service 林火预防计划编制 Helene Cleveland Fire Prevention Manager US Forest Service firstname.lastname@example.org
Common traits with Europe: • Fire season starts earlier and stays longer; • Getting hotter and drier; • Changes in plant composition.
80% of wildfires caused by people 2007 73,446 fires caused by humans (85%) (1.4 million hectares) 12,261 from lightning (2.4 million hectares) federal cost = $1.8 billion
Human causes: • campfires – main cause on FS lands • debris burning – main cause on state lands (home and agricultural debris) • arson • equipment sparks - powerlines, railroads, vehicles • smoking Human cure: Prevention education, engineering, and enforcement/encouragement
Prevention = Partnerships Firewise www.firewise.org Firesafe www.firesafecouncil.org Education of homeowners; Engineering for homes; Voluntary
Work with communities before a fire. Work with communities potentially affected by a wildfire – Firewise Teams. People are most receptive when they smell smoke in the air.
Community Wildfire Protection Plans Encouragement – federal funds to implement silvicultural activities
Community Wildfire Protection Plans Minimum requirements: • collaboration; • prioritized fuel reduction; • measures to reduce structural ignitability.
Mutual agreement by: Local government; State forester; Local fire department(s). Community plan tied into federal plans
“Prevention is invisible. Aeroplanes are sexy; silviculture is not.”
Results of Prevention & Silviculture Food, fiber, forage, water, recreation