slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
http:// www.psychology.gatech.edu/psyc3031 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
http:// www.psychology.gatech.edu/psyc3031

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

http:// www.psychology.gatech.edu/psyc3031 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 68 Views
  • Uploaded on

WEB SITE FOR LECTURE MATERIALS AND READINGS. http:// www.psychology.gatech.edu/psyc3031. ASKING QUESTIONS ABOUT BEHAVIOR. 1. What kinds of events does (or should) a psychologist study? a. What do we mean by “behavior”? b. behavior as a feature of the whole organi sm

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'http:// www.psychology.gatech.edu/psyc3031' - randi


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

WEB SITE FOR LECTURE MATERIALS AND READINGS

http://www.psychology.gatech.edu/psyc3031

asking questions about behavior
ASKING QUESTIONS ABOUT BEHAVIOR
  • 1. What kinds of events does (or should) a psychologist study?

a. What do we mean by “behavior”?

b. behavior as a feature of the whole organism

  • 2. How should be behavior be studied?

a. Bernardian vs. Fisherian

b. Legacy of physics and physiology/pharmacology

  • 3. What constitutes an account?

a. functional vs. mediational

  • 4. What are the goals of a behavior science?

a. prediction, control, and understanding.

  • 5. What are the relations between behavior science and other sciences?

a. behavior analysis as a natural science.

slide3

The goal of any science is to reduce the apparent complexity of nature to relatively simple accounts, principles, or mechanisms all of which manifest a causal structure.

nagel s categories
NAGEL’S CATEGORIES
  • HOMOGENEOUS REDUCTION
  • 2. HETEROGENOUS REDUCTION
slide7

SKINNER’S “HETEROGENEOUS” REDUCTION

“…any explanation of an observed fact which appeals to events taking place somewhere else, at some other level of observation, described in different terms, and measured, if at all, in different dimensions.”

general fund of biological explanation
GENERAL FUND OF BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION
  • Molecular (biochemical/biophysical)
  • Cellular function
  • Tissue/ organ function
  • Morphogenic/developmental
  • Behavior/environmental
  • Species adaptation/evolution
issues of homogeneous reduction in behavior analysis
Issues of Homogeneous Reduction in Behavior Analysis

1. Definition of behavior and functional

classifications

2. Role of behavior in the natural sciences

3. Patterns of explanation

4. Contingency—the fundamental

explanatory concept in behavior analysis

skinner s radical behaviorism
SKINNER’S RADICAL BEHAVIORISM
  • A naturalscience of behavior is possible.
  • 2. The science will be thoroughgoing—a “complete” science of human behavior.
  • No functional distinction between “public” and
  • “private events”—there is no separate “mental”
  • world.
  • 4. Causes of behavior found in: a) current context,
  • b) individual/cultural history, and c) evolutionary history.
  • 5. Non-mediational—nothing theoretical comes between # 4 and behavior, but physiology can and will provide a more complete account.
  • 6. The fundamental explanatory concept is contingency.